Source

ytmanager / gdata / alt / appengine.py

#!/usr/bin/python
#
# Copyright (C) 2008 Google Inc.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.


"""Provides HTTP functions for gdata.service to use on Google App Engine

AppEngineHttpClient: Provides an HTTP request method which uses App Engine's
   urlfetch API. Set the http_client member of a GDataService object to an
   instance of an AppEngineHttpClient to allow the gdata library to run on
   Google App Engine.

run_on_appengine: Function which will modify an existing GDataService object
   to allow it to run on App Engine. It works by creating a new instance of
   the AppEngineHttpClient and replacing the GDataService object's
   http_client.
"""


__author__ = 'api.jscudder (Jeff Scudder)'


import StringIO
import pickle
import atom.http_interface
import atom.token_store
from google.appengine.api import urlfetch
from google.appengine.ext import db
from google.appengine.api import users
from google.appengine.api import memcache


def run_on_appengine(gdata_service, store_tokens=True, 
    single_user_mode=False, deadline=None):
  """Modifies a GDataService object to allow it to run on App Engine.

  Args:
    gdata_service: An instance of AtomService, GDataService, or any
        of their subclasses which has an http_client member and a 
        token_store member.
    store_tokens: Boolean, defaults to True. If True, the gdata_service
                  will attempt to add each token to it's token_store when
                  SetClientLoginToken or SetAuthSubToken is called. If False
                  the tokens will not automatically be added to the 
                  token_store.
    single_user_mode: Boolean, defaults to False. If True, the current_token
                      member of gdata_service will be set when 
                      SetClientLoginToken or SetAuthTubToken is called. If set
                      to True, the current_token is set in the gdata_service
                      and anyone who accesses the object will use the same 
                      token. 
                      
                      Note: If store_tokens is set to False and 
                      single_user_mode is set to False, all tokens will be 
                      ignored, since the library assumes: the tokens should not
                      be stored in the datastore and they should not be stored
                      in the gdata_service object. This will make it 
                      impossible to make requests which require authorization.
    deadline: int (optional) The number of seconds to wait for a response
              before timing out on the HTTP request. If no deadline is
              specified, the deafault deadline for HTTP requests from App
              Engine is used. The maximum is currently 10 (for 10 seconds).
              The default deadline for App Engine is 5 seconds.
  """
  gdata_service.http_client = AppEngineHttpClient(deadline=deadline)
  gdata_service.token_store = AppEngineTokenStore()
  gdata_service.auto_store_tokens = store_tokens
  gdata_service.auto_set_current_token = single_user_mode
  return gdata_service


class AppEngineHttpClient(atom.http_interface.GenericHttpClient):
  def __init__(self, headers=None, deadline=None):
    self.debug = False
    self.headers = headers or {}
    self.deadline = deadline

  def request(self, operation, url, data=None, headers=None):
    """Performs an HTTP call to the server, supports GET, POST, PUT, and
    DELETE.

    Usage example, perform and HTTP GET on http://www.google.com/:
      import atom.http
      client = atom.http.HttpClient()
      http_response = client.request('GET', 'http://www.google.com/')

    Args:
      operation: str The HTTP operation to be performed. This is usually one
          of 'GET', 'POST', 'PUT', or 'DELETE'
      data: filestream, list of parts, or other object which can be converted
          to a string. Should be set to None when performing a GET or DELETE.
          If data is a file-like object which can be read, this method will
          read a chunk of 100K bytes at a time and send them.
          If the data is a list of parts to be sent, each part will be
          evaluated and sent.
      url: The full URL to which the request should be sent. Can be a string
          or atom.url.Url.
      headers: dict of strings. HTTP headers which should be sent
          in the request.
    """
    all_headers = self.headers.copy()
    if headers:
      all_headers.update(headers)

    # Construct the full payload.
    # Assume that data is None or a string.
    data_str = data
    if data:
      if isinstance(data, list):
        # If data is a list of different objects, convert them all to strings
        # and join them together.
        converted_parts = [_convert_data_part(x) for x in data]
        data_str = ''.join(converted_parts)
      else:
        data_str = _convert_data_part(data)

    # If the list of headers does not include a Content-Length, attempt to
    # calculate it based on the data object.
    if data and 'Content-Length' not in all_headers:
      all_headers['Content-Length'] = str(len(data_str))

    # Set the content type to the default value if none was set.
    if 'Content-Type' not in all_headers:
      all_headers['Content-Type'] = 'application/atom+xml'

    # Lookup the urlfetch operation which corresponds to the desired HTTP verb.
    if operation == 'GET':
      method = urlfetch.GET
    elif operation == 'POST':
      method = urlfetch.POST
    elif operation == 'PUT':
      method = urlfetch.PUT
    elif operation == 'DELETE':
      method = urlfetch.DELETE
    else:
      method = None
    if self.deadline is None:
      return HttpResponse(urlfetch.Fetch(url=str(url), payload=data_str,
          method=method, headers=all_headers, follow_redirects=False))
    return HttpResponse(urlfetch.Fetch(url=str(url), payload=data_str,
        method=method, headers=all_headers, follow_redirects=False,
        deadline=self.deadline))


def _convert_data_part(data):
  if not data or isinstance(data, str):
    return data
  elif hasattr(data, 'read'):
    # data is a file like object, so read it completely.
    return data.read()
  # The data object was not a file.
  # Try to convert to a string and send the data.
  return str(data)


class HttpResponse(object):
  """Translates a urlfetch resoinse to look like an hhtplib resoinse.

  Used to allow the resoinse from HttpRequest to be usable by gdata.service
  methods.
  """

  def __init__(self, urlfetch_response):
    self.body = StringIO.StringIO(urlfetch_response.content)
    self.headers = urlfetch_response.headers
    self.status = urlfetch_response.status_code
    self.reason = ''

  def read(self, length=None):
    if not length:
      return self.body.read()
    else:
      return self.body.read(length)

  def getheader(self, name):
    if not self.headers.has_key(name):
      return self.headers[name.lower()]
    return self.headers[name]


class TokenCollection(db.Model):
  """Datastore Model which associates auth tokens with the current user."""
  user = db.UserProperty()
  pickled_tokens = db.BlobProperty()


class AppEngineTokenStore(atom.token_store.TokenStore):
  """Stores the user's auth tokens in the App Engine datastore.

  Tokens are only written to the datastore if a user is signed in (if 
  users.get_current_user() returns a user object).
  """
  def __init__(self):
    self.user = None

  def add_token(self, token):
    """Associates the token with the current user and stores it.
    
    If there is no current user, the token will not be stored.

    Returns:
      False if the token was not stored. 
    """
    tokens = load_auth_tokens(self.user)
    if not hasattr(token, 'scopes') or not token.scopes:
      return False
    for scope in token.scopes:
      tokens[str(scope)] = token
    key = save_auth_tokens(tokens, self.user)
    if key:
      return True
    return False

  def find_token(self, url):
    """Searches the current user's collection of token for a token which can
    be used for a request to the url.

    Returns:
      The stored token which belongs to the current user and is valid for the
      desired URL. If there is no current user, or there is no valid user 
      token in the datastore, a atom.http_interface.GenericToken is returned.
    """
    if url is None:
      return None
    if isinstance(url, (str, unicode)):
      url = atom.url.parse_url(url)
    tokens = load_auth_tokens(self.user)
    if url in tokens:
      token = tokens[url]
      if token.valid_for_scope(url):
        return token
      else:
        del tokens[url]
        save_auth_tokens(tokens, self.user)
    for scope, token in tokens.iteritems():
      if token.valid_for_scope(url):
        return token
    return atom.http_interface.GenericToken()

  def remove_token(self, token):
    """Removes the token from the current user's collection in the datastore.
    
    Returns:
      False if the token was not removed, this could be because the token was
      not in the datastore, or because there is no current user.
    """
    token_found = False
    scopes_to_delete = []
    tokens = load_auth_tokens(self.user)
    for scope, stored_token in tokens.iteritems():
      if stored_token == token:
        scopes_to_delete.append(scope)
        token_found = True
    for scope in scopes_to_delete:
      del tokens[scope]
    if token_found:
      save_auth_tokens(tokens, self.user)
    return token_found

  def remove_all_tokens(self):
    """Removes all of the current user's tokens from the datastore."""
    save_auth_tokens({}, self.user)


def save_auth_tokens(token_dict, user=None):
  """Associates the tokens with the current user and writes to the datastore.
  
  If there us no current user, the tokens are not written and this function
  returns None.

  Returns:
    The key of the datastore entity containing the user's tokens, or None if
    there was no current user.
  """
  if user is None:
    user = users.get_current_user()
  if user is None:
    return None
  memcache.set('gdata_pickled_tokens:%s' % user, pickle.dumps(token_dict))
  user_tokens = TokenCollection.all().filter('user =', user).get()
  if user_tokens:
    user_tokens.pickled_tokens = pickle.dumps(token_dict)
    return user_tokens.put()
  else:
    user_tokens = TokenCollection(
        user=user, 
        pickled_tokens=pickle.dumps(token_dict))
    return user_tokens.put()
     

def load_auth_tokens(user=None):
  """Reads a dictionary of the current user's tokens from the datastore.
  
  If there is no current user (a user is not signed in to the app) or the user
  does not have any tokens, an empty dictionary is returned.
  """
  if user is None:
    user = users.get_current_user()
  if user is None:
    return {}
  pickled_tokens = memcache.get('gdata_pickled_tokens:%s' % user)
  if pickled_tokens:
    return pickle.loads(pickled_tokens)
  user_tokens = TokenCollection.all().filter('user =', user).get()
  if user_tokens:
    memcache.set('gdata_pickled_tokens:%s' % user, user_tokens.pickled_tokens)
    return pickle.loads(user_tokens.pickled_tokens)
  return {}
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