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Webware / MiscUtils / Error.py

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"""Universal error class."""


class Error(dict):
    """Universal error class.

    An error is a dictionary-like object, containing a specific
    user-readable error message and an object associated with it.
    Since Error inherits dict, other informative values can be arbitrarily
    attached to errors. For this reason, subclassing Error is rare.

    Example:
        err = Error(user, 'Invalid password.')
        err['time'] = time.time()
        err['attempts'] = attempts

    The object and message can be accessed via methods:
        print err.object()
        print err.message()

    When creating errors, you can pass None for both the object and the message.
    You can also pass additional values, which are then included in the error:
        >>> err = Error(None, 'Too bad.', timestamp=time.time())
        >>> err.keys()
        ['timestamp']

    Or include the values as a dictionary, instead of keyword arguments:
        >>> info = {'timestamp': time.time()}
        >>> err = Error(None, 'Too bad.', info)

    Or you could even do both if you needed to.

    """

    def __init__(self, obj, message, valueDict={}, **valueArgs):
        """Initialize the error.

        Takes the object the error occurred for, and the user-readable
        error message. The message should be self sufficient such that
        if printed by itself, the user would understand it.

        """
        dict.__init__(self)
        self._object = obj
        self._message = message
        self.update(valueDict)
        self.update(valueArgs)

    def object(self):
        return self._object

    def message(self):
        return self._message

    def __repr__(self):
        return 'ERROR(object=%s; message=%s; data=%r)' % (
            repr(self._object), repr(self._message), dict(self))

    def __str__(self):
        return 'ERROR: %s' % self._message

    def __nonzero__(self):
        return True