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Webware / WebKit / SessionFileStore.py

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"""Session store using files."""

import os
import threading

from MiscUtils import NoDefault

from SessionStore import SessionStore


class SessionFileStore(SessionStore):
    """A session file store.

    Stores the sessions on disk in the Sessions/ directory,
    one file per session.

    This is useful for various situations:
      1. Using the OneShot adapter
      2. Doing development (so that restarting the app server won't
         lose session information).
      3. Fault tolerance
      4. Clustering

    Note that the last two are not yet supported by WebKit.

    """

    _extension = '.ses'

    ## Init ##

    def __init__(self, app, restoreFiles=True):
        """Initialize the session file store.

        If restoreFiles is true, and sessions have been saved to file,
        the store will be initialized from these files.

        """
        SessionStore.__init__(self, app)
        self._sessionDir = app._sessionDir
        self._lock = threading.RLock()
        if not restoreFiles:
            self.clear()


    ## Access ##

    def __len__(self):
        """Return the number of sessions in the store."""
        return len(self.keys())

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        """Get a session item, loading it from the session file."""
        filename = self.filenameForKey(key)
        self._lock.acquire()
        try:
            try:
                sessionFile = open(filename, 'rb')
            except IOError:
                raise KeyError(key) # session file not found
            try:
                try:
                    value = self.decoder()(sessionFile)
                finally:
                    sessionFile.close()
            except Exception:
                print "Error loading session from disk:", key
                self.application().handleException()
                try: # remove the session file because it is corrupt
                    os.remove(filename)
                except Exception:
                    pass
                raise KeyError(key)
        finally:
            self._lock.release()
        return value

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        """Set a session item, saving it to a session file."""
        dirty = value.isDirty()
        if self._alwaysSave or dirty:
            filename = self.filenameForKey(key)
            self._lock.acquire()
            try:
                if dirty:
                    value.setDirty(False)
                try:
                    sessionFile = open(filename, 'wb')
                    try:
                        try:
                            self.encoder()(value, sessionFile)
                        finally:
                            sessionFile.close()
                    except Exception:
                        # remove the session file because it is corrupt
                        os.remove(filename)
                        raise # raise original exception
                except Exception: # error pickling the session
                    if dirty:
                        value.setDirty()
                    print "Error saving session to disk:", key
                    self.application().handleException()
            finally:
                self._lock.release()

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        """Delete a session item, removing its session file."""
        filename = self.filenameForKey(key)
        if not os.path.exists(filename):
            raise KeyError(key)
        session = self[key]
        if not session.isExpired():
            session.expiring()
        try:
            os.remove(filename)
        except Exception:
            pass

    def __contains__(self, key):
        """Check whether the session store has a file for the given key."""
        return os.path.exists(self.filenameForKey(key))

    def __iter__(self):
        """Return an iterator over the stored session keys."""
        ext = self._extension
        pos = -len(ext)
        # note that iglob is slower here, since it's based on listdir
        for filename in os.listdir(self._sessionDir):
            if filename.endswith(ext):
                yield filename[:pos]

    def removeKey(self, key):
        """Remove the session file for the given key."""
        filename = self.filenameForKey(key)
        try:
            os.remove(filename)
        except Exception:
            pass

    def keys(self):
        """Return a list with the keys of all the stored sessions."""
        return [key for key in self]

    def clear(self):
        """Clear the session file store, removing all of the session files."""
        for key in self:
            self.removeKey(key)

    def setdefault(self, key, default=None):
        """Return value if key available, else default (also setting it)."""
        self._lock.acquire()
        try:
            try:
                return self[key]
            except KeyError:
                self[key] = default
                return default
        finally:
            self._lock.release()

    def pop(self, key, default=NoDefault):
        """Return value if key available, else default (also remove key)."""
        self._lock.acquire()
        try:
            if default is NoDefault:
                value = self[key]
                self.removeKey(key)
                return value
            elif key in self:
                return self[key]
            else:
                return default
        finally:
            self._lock.release()


    ## Application support ##

    def storeSession(self, session):
        """Save session, writing it to the session file now."""
        if self._alwaysSave or session.isDirty():
            self[session.identifier()] = session

    def storeAllSessions(self):
        """Permanently save all sessions in the store."""
        pass # sessions have all been saved to files already


    ## Self utility ##

    def filenameForKey(self, key):
        """Return the name of the session file for the given key."""
        return os.path.join(self._sessionDir, key + self._extension)