***** edict.el optimized for XEmacs ***** Version 0.9.9 This file Copyright 1998, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. The edict.el package is Copyright 1991, 1992 Per Hammarlund <email@example.com>, 1992 Bob Kerns <firstname.lastname@example.org>, and 1998, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. Individual files may have their own Copyrights differing from the above. This file is part of XEmacs. It is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version. XEmacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with XEmacs; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Original author: Per Hammarlund <email@example.com> Other authors: Bob Kerns <firstname.lastname@example.org> Stephen J. Turnbull <email@example.com> Adapted-by: Stephen J. Turnbull <firstname.lastname@example.org> for XEmacs Maintainer: Stephen J. Turnbull <email@example.com> ***** Whatzit? ***** The original edict.el was written by Per Hammarlund. It is an interface to the EDICT Japanese-English dictionary compiled by Jim Breen at Monash University. Using the region and couple of keystrokes, edict.el will look up the Japanese key and return all the EDICT entries containing that key, in a pop-up buffer. English is even easier, you just put point anywhere in the word you want to look up. Bob Kerns added a morphology engine, which reduces a highly inflected Japanese word to a list of dictionary forms (eg, itta -> (iku, iu)), all of which are looked up. ***** NEWS ***** Version 0.9.9 You can now use the Customize interface (in the 'edict subgroup of the 'mule group) to set variables. An experimental automated update function is partially implemented, but already useful. `update-edict' uses wget to fetch the current version(s) of the edict dictionary(ies) you use from the Monash University Nihongo archive, or a user-specified mirror. Version 0.9.8 After several years of service, it became partially incompatible with recent GNU Emacsen, especially the keymaps and the byte compiler, and never was adapted for XEmacs (which only recently acquired Japanese capability). This BETA release adapts edict.el to XEmacs (because that's what the maintainer uses), packages it for ease of installation on XEmacs, and provides a unified interface to the functions via the Dictionary Lookup minor mode. Documentation from version 0.9.6 (the last version maintained by Per Hammarlund) is included in the appropriate .../etc directory, with the file extension .096. (This numbering is unrelated to the numbering of XEmacs packages.) ***** Installation ***** For XEmacs >= 21.1, use the package user interface. For XEmacs >= 20.3, get edict-<version>-pkg.tar.gz from ftp://ftp.emacs.org/pub/xemacs/packages/ and untar it in the the directory ~/.xemacs (or top directory of your package hierarchy). If you are using XEmacs >= 20.5, you're done. If you're using XEmacs 20.3 or 20.4, then add (load-file "~/.xemacs/lisp/edict/auto-autoloads.el") to your ~/.emacs or ~/.xemacs/init.el. Get edict (the dictionary) from ftp://ftp.cc.monash.edu.au/pub/nihongo/, and install it in an appropriate etc/ or etc/edict/ in your package hierarchy (~/.xemacs/etc/ is fine). For trial purposes, there is a tiny edictj.demo dictionary supplied with edict.el. For mainline GNU Emacs >= 20.1, get edict-<version>-pkg.tar.gz from the URL above. Unpack it somewhere; .../emacs/site-lisp/edict/ is recommended. The dictionary should go in the same directory. (This is intended to be automatically found, but version 0.9.9 doesn't do that yet. You will have to set either the `edict-dictionary-path' or `edict-dictionaries'.) Users of other versions of Mule are welcome to play around; please tell me what you did, whether it works or not. Due to changes in keymap code, it is highly unlikely that the current version of edict.el will work with nemacs or Mule based on Emacs version 18. If you have special needs, the package sources are available by CVS, see http://cvs.xemacs.org/. Makefile is very XEmacs (>=20) specific; Makefile.GNU is provided for building for the FSF's distribution of Emacs. Mainline GNU Emacs and XEmacs are nearly byte-code compatible; unfortunately the incompatibilities are most likely to show up in Mule applications, so you should byte-compile the source with the Emacs you plan to use the package with. ***** User Setup ***** Users of recent XEmacsen should need little setup, unless you are using public dictionaries not named "edict" or user dictionaries not in your home directory or not named ".edict". In that case, set the variables `edict-dictionaries' and `edict-user-dictionary' as needed. Other users may need to set up autoloads and possibly their load-paths. A file auto-autoloads.el is provided; this file can only (at this time) be produced using XEmacs, but it should work with other Emacs. This file is automatically consulted by XEmacs; users of mainline GNU Emacs should be able to use it by adding (load-file "<path-to>/site-lisp/edict/auto-autoloads.el") to .emacs. (`load-file', rather than `load-library', is suggested because every XEmacs package has a file named auto-autoloads.el.) The necessary autoloads may also be found by grep -A 1 '^;;;###autoload$' *.el You should also probably set the variable `edict-dictionary-path' to help edict find your public dictionaries. For some reason, Mule occasionally has trouble recognizing the file coding system of edict files. If so, the Monash distribution dictionary `edict', which is in EUC-JP format, should be correctly initialized by (setq edict-dictionaries '(("edict" . euc-jp))) in .emacs. The value of this variable is a LIST of CONS-or-STRING. If a CONS, it should have a STRING as car and a CODING-SYSTEM as cdr. Note that the name of this variable has changed. If your dictionary directory is not found at all, you can setq `edict-dictionary-path' to a LIST of strings, each of which should be a path to a directory which might contain edict dictionaries. ***** Usage ***** The interface to edict is now the Dictionary Lookup minor mode (dl-mode). It is invoked as usual by (eg) "M-x dl-mode", and its modeline indicator is "dl". dl-mode is autoloaded. The various functions are bound to keys in a mode-specific keymap, which is invoked by a prefix key. The default prefix is "C-c $" (by analogy with ispell's "M-$"). Unlike the former interface, dui is intended to be a general interface to various dictionary-like commands. Dictionary lookup is bound to "s" (for "search") in the sub-keymap; insertion and help are bound to "i" and "d" (for "describe method" respectively. The search mode is initialized to "EDICT search Japanese" by default. Using a prefix argument allows you to change modes. Eg, "C-u C-c $ s" generates a prompt for a "Method:". Currently valid search methods include "EDICT search Japanese", "EDICT search English", and "ispell word". Valid insert methods include "EDICT add English" and "EDICT add Japanese". edict.el provides a simple dictionary editing mode, automatically invoked by the "EDICT add ..." methods, with TAB switching between fields. An experimental `electric-henkan' mode is available, in which the mode recognizes whether a field is Japanese or English and invokes your preferred henkan method appropriately. To try this out (setq edict-use-electric-henkan t). Note that electric henkan uses the LEIM interface, so it cannot work if your preferred input method is XIM. Due to the indirect way in which the actual methods are called, a separate help function, `dui-describe-method', bound to "C-c $ d", is provided to access method documentation. Enjoy! ***** Bug reports, comments, and feature requests ***** Please send these to "Stephen Turnbull" <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Bug reports are of course of high priority, but I am hoping that users will also report inflections and idioms that the morphology engine does not handle. Known bugs and problems are in the file TODO. (Documentation and organization are both known bugs....) With the reimplementation as a minor mode, it now makes sense to provide keystrokes for variations on the basic theme. One example (already implemented for ispell) is to use dl-mode to access other dictionary applications. Another possibility is that kanjidic can be loaded into the *edict* buffer as well; one could imagine restricted functions (not yet implemented) that only search kanjidic or only edict. Suggestions are welcome. ***** Historical notes ***** The files edict.el.096 and edict-test.el.096 in the source distribution are from the original version 0.9.6 distribution grabbed from ftp.cc.monash.edu.au. The ChangeLog for version 0.9.6 is in ChangeLog.096, which is included in all forms of the current distribution. The .el files in this package have been converted to ISO-2022-JP encoding. All hail Jim, Per, and Bob!