elib / stack-m.el

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;;;; $Id$
;;;; This file implements a simple LIFO stack using macros.

;; Copyright (C) 1991-1995 Free Software Foundation

;; Author: Inge Wallin <>
;; Maintainer:
;; Created: 12 May 1991
;; Keywords: extensions, lisp

;;;; This file is part of the GNU Emacs lisp library, Elib.
;;;; GNU Elib is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;;;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;;;; any later version.
;;;; GNU Elib is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;;;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;;; along with GNU Elib; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;;;; the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;;;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
;;;; Author: Inge Wallin

;;; Commentary:

;;; The stack is implemented as a linked list with a tag 'STACK
;;; as the first element.  All entries and removals are done using
;;; destructive functions.
;;; This file implements the functions as macros for speed in compiled 
;;; code.

;;; Code:

;; Provide the function version and remove the macro version
(provide 'stack-m)
(setq features (delq 'stack-f features))

;;; ================================================================

(defmacro stack-create ()
  "Create an empty lifo stack."
  (` (cons 'STACK nil)))

(defmacro stack-p (stack)
  "Return t if STACK is a stack, otherwise return nil."
  (` (eq (car-safe (, stack)) 'STACK)))

(defmacro stack-push (stack element)
  "Push an element onto the stack.
  (` (setcdr (, stack) (cons (, element) (cdr (, stack))))))

(defmacro stack-pop (stack)
  "Remove the topmost element from STACK and return it. 
If the stack is empty, return nil."
  (` (prog1
	 (car-safe (cdr (, stack)))
       (setcdr (, stack) (cdr-safe (cdr (, stack)))))))

(defmacro stack-empty (stack)
  "Return t if STACK is empty, otherwise return nil."
  (` (null (cdr (, stack)))))

(defmacro stack-top (stack)
  "Return the topmost element of STACK or nil if it is empty."
  (` (car-safe (cdr (, stack)))))

(defmacro stack-nth (stack n)
  "Return nth element of a stack, but don't remove it.
If the length of the stack is less than N, return nil.

The top stack element has number 0."
  (` (nth (, n) (cdr (, stack)))))

(defmacro stack-all (stack)
  "Return a list of all entries in STACK.
The element last pushed is first in the list."
  (` (cdr (, stack))))

(defmacro stack-copy (stack)
  "Return a copy of STACK.
All entries in STACK are also copied."
  (` (cons 'STACK (copy-sequence (cdr (, stack))))))

(defmacro stack-length (stack)
  "Return the number of elements on STACK."
  (` (length (cdr (, stack)))))

(defmacro stack-clear (stack)
  "Remove all elements from STACK."
  (` (setcdr (, stack) nil)))

;;; stack-m.el ends here