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;;; ess.el --- Emacs Speaks Statistics: statistical programming within Emacs

;; Copyright (C) 1989--1996 Bates, Kademan, Ritter and Smith
;; Copyright (C) 1996--2001 Rossini, Heiberger, Hornik, Maechler and
;;                          Sparapani.

;; Author: Doug Bates, Ed Kademan, Frank Ritter, David Smith
;; Maintainer(s): A.J. Rossini <>
;;                Martin Maechler  <>
;;                Kurt Hornik <>
;;                Richard M. Heiberger <>
;;                Rodney Sparapani <>
;; Created: October 14, 1991
;; Version: $Id$
;; Keywords: statistical support
;; Summary: general functions for ESS

;; Lisp-dir-entry  : ESS |
;;                   R. M. Heiberger, K. Hornik, M. Maechler, A.J. Rossini|
;;         |
;;                   General Interface for Statistical Software Packages|
;;                   92-06-29|
;;                   5.0|

;; This file is part of ESS

;; This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.
;; This file is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
;; In short: you may use this code any way you like, as long as you
;; don't charge money for it, remove this notice, or hold anyone liable
;; for its results.

;; Copyright 1989--92,1997 Doug Bates
;;           1993, 1994    Ed Kademan
;;                         Frank Ritter
;;           1994--1997    David Smith <>
;;           1996--2000    Kurt Hornik <>
;;           1996--2001    Martin Maechler <>
;;           1996--2000    A.J. Rossini <>,
;;           1998--2001                 <>
;;           1996--2001    Richard M. Heiberger <>
;;           1999--2001    Rodney Sparapani <>

;;; Commentary:

;;; Interface to the S, SAS, and XLisp dialects of statistical
;;; programming languages, with potential extensions to other
;;; languages.  Designed to be extendable to most other interactive
;;; statistical programming situations.

;;; Supports structured editing of S, SAS, and XLisp (statistics
;;; programming languages) functions that are integrated with a
;;; running process in a buffer.

;;; There is an informal mailing list for discussions of ESS. Alpha
;;; and beta releases of ESS are also announced here. Send mail
;;; to to join.

;;; S is a statistics programming language developed at Bell Labs
;;; particularly suited for descriptive and exploratory statistics.
;;; s-mode is built on top of comint (the general command interpreter
;;; mode written by Olin Shivers), and so comint.el (or comint.elc)
;;; should be either loaded or in your load path when you invoke it.
;;; Aside from the general features offered by comint such as
;;; command history editing and job control, inferior S mode
;;; allows you to dump and load S objects into and from external
;;; files, and to display help on functions.  It also provides
;;; name completion while you do these.  For more detailed
;;; information see the documentation strings for inferior-ess,
;;; inferior-ess-mode, ess-mode, and comint-mode.  There are also
;;; many variables and hooks available for customizing (see
;;; the variables below that have document strings that start
;;; with an "*").

;;; See README and S-site for details.

;;; ===>

;;; Thanks to (Ken'ichi "Modal" Shibayama) for
;;;   the indenting code.
;;; Thanks also to (Martin Maechler) for
;;;   suggestions and bug fixes.
;;; ess-eval-line-and-step is based on a function by Rod Ball
;;;   (
;;; Also thanks from David Smith to the previous authors for all their
;;; help and suggestions.
;;; And thanks from Richard M. Heiberger, Kurt Hornik, Martin
;;; Maechler, and A.J. Rossini to David Smith.

;;; Please report bugs to
;;; Comments, suggestions, words of praise and large cash donations
;;; are also more than welcome, but should generally be split between
;;; all authors :-).

;;; Code:

;;*;; Requires and autoloads

(require 'easymenu)
(if (or window-system
	noninteractive ; compilation!
    (require 'font-lock))

(require 'ess-emcs)

;; The following should take care of all cases.  Currently, seems to
;; work, sigh...
;;(if ess-local-custom-available
;;    (eval-and-compile  ; was progn
;;      (ess-message "--++ LOADING CUSTOM ++--")
;;      (require 'ess-cust))
;;  (eval-and-compile  ; was progn
;;    (ess-message "--++ NOT NOT NOT loading custom ++--")
;;    (require 'ess-vars)))

;; The above was commented out to verify that it would work on
;; versions w/o customize.  Remove after verification.
  (require 'ess-cust))

 ; ess-mode: editing S/R/XLS/SAS source

(autoload 'inferior-ess "ess-inf"
  "Run [inferior-ess-program], an ess process, in an Emacs buffer" t)

(autoload 'ess-dump-object-into-edit-buffer "ess-mode"
  "Edit an S object." t)

(autoload 'ess-parse-errors "ess-mode"
  "Jump to the last error generated from a sourced file." t)

(autoload 'ess-load-file "ess-inf" "Source a file into S.")

(autoload 'inside-string/comment-p "ess-utils"
  "Non-nil, if inside string or comment." t)
(autoload 'ess-rep-regexp "ess-utils" "Replace, but not in string/comment." t)

(autoload 'ess-time-string "ess-utils" "Return time-stamp string." t)

(autoload 'nuke-trailing-whitespace "ess-utils"
  "Maybe get rid of trailing blanks." t)

 ; ess-transcript-mode: editing ``outputs'

(autoload 'ess-transcript-mode "ess-trns"
  "Major mode for editing S transcript files." t)

(autoload 'ess-display-help-on-object "ess-help"
  "Display help on an S object." t)

(defalias 'ess-help 'ess-display-help-on-object)

(autoload 'ess-goto-info "ess-help"
  "Jump to the relevant section in the `ess-mode' manual." t)

(autoload 'ess-submit-bug-report "ess-help"
  "Submit a bug report on the `ess-mode' package." t)

;;==> ess-inf.el  has its OWN autoload's !

 ; Set up for menus, if necessary
;;;	nn.	Set up the keymaps for the simple-menus

;;(if ess-use-menus
;;    (require 'ess-menu))

;;; Function Menu (func-menu) for XEmacs:
;;(defvar fume-function-name-regexp-smode
;;  " "
;;  "Expression to get function names")
;; '((s-mode  . fume-function-name-regexp-smode)
;;   (r-mode  . fume-function-name-regexp-smode))
;; fume-function-name-regexp-alist)

;;; Imenu for Emacs...

;;; Completion and Database code

(defun ess-load-object-name-db-file ()
  "Load object database file if present, mention if not."
  (if (string= ess-language "S")
	(make-local-variable 'ess-object-name-db)
	(condition-case ()
	    (load ess-object-name-db-file)
	   ;;(message "%s does not exist.  Consider running ess-create-object-name-db."
	   	;;    ess-object-name-db-file)
;;	      (ding)
	      (sit-for 1))))))

 ; Buffer local customization stuff

;; Parse a line into its constituent parts (words separated by
;; whitespace).    Return a list of the words.
;; Taken from rlogin.el, from the comint package, from XEmacs 20.3.
(defun ess-line-to-list-of-words (line)
  (let ((list nil)
	(posn 0))
        ;; (match-data (match-data)))
    (while (string-match "[^ \t\n]+" line posn)
      (setq list (cons (substring line (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0))
      (setq posn (match-end 0)))
    (store-match-data (match-data))
    (nreverse list)))

(defun ess-write-to-dribble-buffer (text)
  "Write TEXT to dribble buffer."
    (set-buffer ess-dribble-buffer)
    (goto-char (point-max))
    (insert-string text)))

(defun ess-setq-vars-local (alist &optional buf)
  "Set language variables from ALIST, in buffer BUF, if desired."
  (if buf (set-buffer buf))
  (mapcar (lambda (pair)
	    (make-local-variable (car pair))
            (set (car pair) (eval (cdr pair))))
   (format "(ess-setq-vars-LOCAL): language=%s, dialect=%s, buf=%s, comint..echoes=%s, comint..sender=%s\n"
           ess-language ess-dialect buf comint-process-echoes comint-input-sender)))

(defun ess-setq-vars-default (alist &optional buf)
  "Set language variables from ALIST, in buffer BUF, if desired."
   (format "ess-setq-vars-default 0: ess-language=%s, -dialect=%s, buf=%s, comint..echoes=%s, comint..sender=%s\n"
           ess-language ess-dialect buf comint-process-echoes comint-input-sender))
  (if buf (set-buffer buf))
  (mapcar (lambda (pair)
            (set-default (car pair) (eval (cdr pair))))
   (format "ess-setq-vars-default 1: ess-language=%s, -dialect=%s, buf=%s, comint..echoes=%s, comint..sender=%s\n"
           ess-language ess-dialect buf comint-process-echoes comint-input-sender))

;;--- emacs 19.34 compatibility [MM]:
(if (not (fboundp 'functionp))
    ;; take the definition from emacs 20.4  lisp/subr.el:
 (defun functionp (object)
  "Non-nil if OBJECT is a type of object that can be called as a function."
  (or (subrp object) (byte-code-function-p object)
      (eq (car-safe object) 'lambda)
      (and (symbolp object) (fboundp object))))

;;-- more emacs 19 back compatibility
(if (not (fboundp 'cadr)); could (require 'cl) but that is too big
 (defun cadr (list) (car (cdr list))))

;;; versions thanks to Barry Margolin <>.
;;; unfortunately, requires 'cl.  Whoops.
;;(defun ess-setq-vars (var-alist &optional buf)
;;  "Set language variables from alist, in buffer `buf', if desired."
;;  (if buf (set-buffer buf))
;;  (dolist (pair var-alist)
;;    (set (car pair) (eval (cdr pair))))
;;  (ess-write-to-dribble-buffer
;;    (format "(ess-setq-vars): ess-language=%s, buf=%s \n"
;;	   ess-language buf)))
;;(defun ess-setq-vars-default (var-alist &optional buf)
;;  "Set language variables from alist, in buffer `buf', if desired."
;;  (if buf (set-buffer buf))
;;  (dolist (pair var-alist)
;;    (set-default (car pair) (eval (cdr pair))))
;;  (ess-write-to-dribble-buffer
;;    (format "(ess-setq-vars-default): ess-language=%s, buf=%s \n"
;;	   ess-language buf)))

;; Toby Speight <>
;;> ;; untested
;;> (let ((l R-customize-alist))            ; or whatever
;;>   (while l
;;>     (set (car (car l)) (cdr (car l)))   ; set, not setq!
;;>     (setq l (cdr l))))
;;If they are to be buffer-local, you may need to
;;>     ;; untested
;;>     (set (make-local-variable (car (car l))) (cdr (car l)))

;; Erik Naggum <>
;;(mapcar (lambda (pair) (set (car pair) (cdr pair)))
;;        R-customize-alist)
;;if you want to evaluate these things along the way, which it appears that
;;you want, try:
;;(mapcar (lambda (pair) (set (car pair) (eval (cdr pair))))
;;        R-customize-alist)

;; (Jon S Anthony)
;;(mapcar #'(lambda (x)
;;	    (set-variable (car x) (cdr x)))
;;	R-customize-alist)

;; The following code causes the *ESS* buffer to be recreated (if necessary)
;; before it is used; Jeff Mincy <>, 27 Jul 2001.
(defadvice ess-write-to-dribble-buffer
  (before get-dribble-buffer first activate)
  (setq ess-dribble-buffer (get-buffer-create "*ESS*")))

; Run load hook and provide package

(run-hooks 'ess-mode-load-hook)

(provide 'ess)

 ; Local variables section

;;; This file is automatically placed in Outline minor mode.
;;; The file is structured as follows:
;;; Chapters:     ^L ;
;;; Sections:    ;;*;;
;;; Subsections: ;;;*;;;
;;; Components:  defuns, defvars, defconsts
;;;              Random code beginning with a ;;;;* comment

;;; Local variables:
;;; mode: emacs-lisp
;;; mode: outline-minor
;;; outline-regexp: "\^L\\|\\`;\\|;;\\*\\|;;;\\*\\|(def[cvu]\\|(setq\\|;;;;\\*"
;;; End:

;;; ess.el ends here