Source

reftex / reftex-cite.el

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;;; reftex-cite.el --- creating citations with RefTeX
;; Copyright (c) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Carsten Dominik <dominik@science.uva.nl>
;; Version: 4.21

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;;; Code:

(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))
(provide 'reftex-cite)
(require 'reftex)
;;;

;; Variables and constants

;; The history list of regular expressions used for citations
(defvar reftex-cite-regexp-hist nil)

;; Prompt and help string for citation selection
(defconst reftex-citation-prompt
  "Select: [n]ext [p]revious [r]estrict [ ]full_entry [q]uit RET [?]Help+more")

(defconst reftex-citation-help
  " n / p      Go to next/previous entry (Cursor motion works as well).
 g / r      Start over with new regexp / Refine with additional regexp.
 SPC        Show full database entry in other window.
 f          Toggle follow mode: Other window will follow with full db entry.
 .          Show insertion point.
 q          Quit without inserting \\cite macro into buffer.
 TAB        Enter citation key with completion.
 RET        Accept current entry (also on mouse-2) and create \\cite macro.
 m / u      Mark/Unmark the entry.
 a / A      Put all (marked) entries into one/many \\cite commands.")

;; Find bibtex files


(defmacro reftex-with-special-syntax-for-bib (&rest body)
  `(let ((saved-syntax (syntax-table)))
     (unwind-protect
         (progn
           (set-syntax-table reftex-syntax-table-for-bib)
           ,@body)
       (set-syntax-table saved-syntax))))

(defun reftex-default-bibliography ()
  ;; Return the expanded value of `reftex-default-bibliography'.
  ;; The expanded value is cached.
  (unless (eq (get 'reftex-default-bibliography :reftex-raw)
              reftex-default-bibliography)
    (put 'reftex-default-bibliography :reftex-expanded
         (reftex-locate-bibliography-files 
          default-directory reftex-default-bibliography))
    (put 'reftex-default-bibliography :reftex-raw
         reftex-default-bibliography))
  (get 'reftex-default-bibliography :reftex-expanded))

(defun reftex-bib-or-thebib ()
  ;; Tests if BibTeX or \begin{tehbibliography} should be used for the
  ;; citation
  ;; Find the bof of the current file
  (let* ((docstruct (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))
         (rest (or (member (list 'bof (buffer-file-name)) docstruct)
                   docstruct))
         (bib (assq 'bib rest))
         (thebib (assq 'thebib rest))
         (bibmem (memq bib rest))
         (thebibmem (memq thebib rest)))
    (when (not (or thebib bib))
      (setq bib (assq 'bib docstruct)
            thebib (assq 'thebib docstruct)
            bibmem (memq bib docstruct)
            thebibmem (memq thebib docstruct)))
    (if (> (length bibmem) (length thebibmem))
        (if bib 'bib nil)
      (if thebib 'thebib nil))))

(defun reftex-get-bibfile-list ()
  ;; Return list of bibfiles for current document.
  ;; When using the chapterbib or bibunits package you should either
  ;; use the same database files everywhere, or separate parts using
  ;; different databases into different files (included into the mater file).
  ;; Then this function will return the applicable database files.

  ;; Ensure access to scanning info
  (reftex-access-scan-info)
  (or
   ;; Try inside this file (and its includes)
   (cdr (reftex-last-assoc-before-elt
         'bib (list 'eof (buffer-file-name))
         (member (list 'bof (buffer-file-name))
                 (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))
   ;; Try after the beginning of this file
   (cdr (assq 'bib (member (list 'bof (buffer-file-name))
                           (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))
   ;; Anywhere in the entire document
   (cdr (assq 'bib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol)))
   (error "\\bibliography statement missing or .bib files not found")))

;; Find a certain reference in any of the BibTeX files.

(defun reftex-pop-to-bibtex-entry (key file-list &optional mark-to-kill
                                       highlight item return)
  ;; Find BibTeX KEY in any file in FILE-LIST in another window.
  ;; If MARK-TO-KILL is non-nil, mark new buffer to kill.
  ;; If HIGHLIGHT is non-nil, highlight the match.
  ;; If ITEM in non-nil, search for bibitem instead of database entry.
  ;; If RETURN is non-nil, just return the entry.

  (let* ((re
          (if item 
              (concat "\\\\bibitem\\(\\[[^]]*\\]\\)?{" (regexp-quote key) "}")
            (concat "@[a-zA-Z]+[ \t\n\r]*[{(][ \t\n\r]*" (regexp-quote key)
                    "[, \t\r\n}]")))
         (buffer-conf (current-buffer))
         file buf pos)

    (catch 'exit
      (while file-list
        (setq file (car file-list)
              file-list (cdr file-list))
        (unless (setq buf (reftex-get-file-buffer-force file mark-to-kill))
          (error "No such file %s" file))
        (set-buffer buf)
        (widen)
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (when (re-search-forward re nil t)
          (goto-char (match-beginning 0))
          (setq pos (point))
          (when return
            ;; Just return the relevant entry
            (if item (goto-char (match-end 0)))
            (setq return (buffer-substring 
                          (point) (reftex-end-of-bib-entry item)))
            (set-buffer buffer-conf)
            (throw 'exit return))
          (switch-to-buffer-other-window buf)
          (goto-char pos)
          (recenter 0)
          (if highlight
              (reftex-highlight 0 (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0)))
          (throw 'exit (selected-window))))
      (set-buffer buffer-conf)
      (if item
          (error "No \\bibitem with citation key %s" key)
        (error "No BibTeX entry with citation key %s" key)))))

(defun reftex-end-of-bib-entry (item)
  (save-excursion 
    (condition-case nil
        (if item 
            (progn (end-of-line)
                   (re-search-forward
                    "\\\\bibitem\\|\\end{thebibliography}")
                   (1- (match-beginning 0)))
          (progn (forward-list 1) (point)))
      (error (min (point-max) (+ 300 (point)))))))

;; Parse bibtex buffers

(defun reftex-extract-bib-entries (buffers)
  ;; Extract bib entries which match regexps from BUFFERS.
  ;; BUFFERS is a list of buffers or file names.
  ;; Return list with entries."
  (let* (re-list first-re rest-re
                 (buffer-list (if (listp buffers) buffers (list buffers)))
                 found-list entry buffer1 buffer alist
                 key-point start-point end-point default)

    ;; Read a regexp, completing on known citation keys.
    (setq default (regexp-quote (reftex-get-bibkey-default)))
    (setq re-list 
          (split-string 
           (completing-read 
            (concat
             "Regex { && Regex...}: "
             "[" default "]: ")
            (if reftex-mode
                (if (fboundp 'LaTeX-bibitem-list)
                    (LaTeX-bibitem-list)
                  (cdr (assoc 'bibview-cache 
                              (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))
              nil)
            nil nil nil 'reftex-cite-regexp-hist)
           "[ \t]*&&[ \t]*"))

    (if (or (null re-list ) (equal re-list '("")))
        (setq re-list (list default)))

    (setq first-re (car re-list)    ; We'll use the first re to find things,
          rest-re  (cdr re-list))   ; the others to narrow down.
    (if (string-match "\\`[ \t]*\\'" (or first-re ""))
        (error "Empty regular expression"))

    (save-excursion
      (save-window-excursion

        ;; Walk through all bibtex files
        (while buffer-list
          (setq buffer (car buffer-list)
                buffer-list (cdr buffer-list))
          (if (and (bufferp buffer)
                   (buffer-live-p buffer))
              (setq buffer1 buffer)
            (setq buffer1 (reftex-get-file-buffer-force
                           buffer (not reftex-keep-temporary-buffers))))
          (if (not buffer1)
              (message "No such BibTeX file %s (ignored)" buffer)
            (message "Scanning bibliography database %s" buffer1))

          (set-buffer buffer1)
          (reftex-with-special-syntax-for-bib
           (save-excursion
             (goto-char (point-min))
             (while (re-search-forward first-re nil t)
               (catch 'search-again
                 (setq key-point (point))
                 (unless (re-search-backward
                          "\\(\\`\\|[\n\r]\\)[ \t]*@\\([a-zA-Z]+\\)[ \t\n\r]*[{(]" nil t)
                   (throw 'search-again nil))
                 (setq start-point (point))
                 (goto-char (match-end 0))
                 (condition-case nil
                     (up-list 1)
                   (error (goto-char key-point)
                          (throw 'search-again nil)))
                 (setq end-point (point))
                 
                 ;; Ignore @string, @comment and @c entries or things
                 ;; outside entries
                 (when (or (string= (downcase (match-string 2)) "string")
                           (string= (downcase (match-string 2)) "comment")
                           (string= (downcase (match-string 2)) "c")
                           (< (point) key-point)) ; this means match not in {}
                   (goto-char key-point)
                   (throw 'search-again nil))
                 
                 ;; Well, we have got a match
                 ;;(setq entry (concat
                 ;;             (buffer-substring start-point (point)) "\n"))
                 (setq entry (buffer-substring start-point (point)))
                 
                 ;; Check if other regexp match as well
                 (setq re-list rest-re)
                 (while re-list
                   (unless (string-match (car re-list) entry)
                     ;; nope - move on
                     (throw 'search-again nil))
                   (pop re-list))
                 
                 (setq alist (reftex-parse-bibtex-entry
                              nil start-point end-point))
                 (push (cons "&entry" entry) alist)
                 
                 ;; check for crossref entries
                 (if (assoc "crossref" alist)
                     (setq alist
                           (append
                            alist (reftex-get-crossref-alist alist))))
                 
                 ;; format the entry
                 (push (cons "&formatted" (reftex-format-bib-entry alist))
                       alist)
                 
                 ;; make key the first element
                 (push (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" alist) alist)
                 
                 ;; add it to the list
                 (push alist found-list)))))
          (reftex-kill-temporary-buffers))))
    (setq found-list (nreverse found-list))

    ;; Sorting
    (cond
     ((eq 'author reftex-sort-bibtex-matches)
      (sort found-list 'reftex-bib-sort-author))
     ((eq 'year   reftex-sort-bibtex-matches)
      (sort found-list 'reftex-bib-sort-year))
     ((eq 'reverse-year reftex-sort-bibtex-matches)
      (sort found-list 'reftex-bib-sort-year-reverse))
     (t found-list))))

(defun reftex-bib-sort-author (e1 e2)
  (let ((al1 (reftex-get-bib-names "author" e1))
        (al2 (reftex-get-bib-names "author" e2)))
    (while (and al1 al2 (string= (car al1) (car al2)))
      (pop al1)
      (pop al2))
    (if (and (stringp (car al1))
             (stringp (car al2)))
        (string< (car al1) (car al2))
      (not (stringp (car al1))))))

(defun reftex-bib-sort-year (e1 e2)
  (< (string-to-int (cdr (assoc "year" e1)))
     (string-to-int (cdr (assoc "year" e2)))))

(defun reftex-bib-sort-year-reverse (e1 e2)
  (> (string-to-int (or (cdr (assoc "year" e1)) "0"))
     (string-to-int (or (cdr (assoc "year" e2)) "0"))))

(defun reftex-get-crossref-alist (entry)
  ;; return the alist from a crossref entry
  (let ((crkey (cdr (assoc "crossref" entry)))
        start)
    (save-excursion
      (save-restriction
        (widen)
        (if (re-search-forward
             (concat "@\\w+[{(][ \t\n\r]*" (regexp-quote crkey)
                     "[ \t\n\r]*,") nil t)
            (progn
              (setq start (match-beginning 0))
              (condition-case nil
                  (up-list 1)
                (error nil))
              (reftex-parse-bibtex-entry nil start (point)))
          nil)))))

;; Parse the bibliography environment
(defun reftex-extract-bib-entries-from-thebibliography (files)
  ;; Extract bib-entries from the \begin{thebibliography} environment.
  ;; Parsing is not as good as for the BibTeX database stuff.
  ;; The environment should be located in file FILE.

  (let* (start end buf entries re re-list file default)
    (unless files
      (error "Need file name to find thebibliography environment"))
    (while (setq file (pop files))
      (setq buf (reftex-get-file-buffer-force 
                 file (not reftex-keep-temporary-buffers)))
      (unless buf
        (error "No such file %s" file))
      (message "Scanning thebibliography environment in %s" file)

      (save-excursion
        (set-buffer buf)
        (save-restriction
          (widen)
          (goto-char (point-min))
          (while (re-search-forward 
                  "\\(\\`\\|[\n\r]\\)[ \t]*\\\\begin{thebibliography}" nil t)
            (beginning-of-line 2)
            (setq start (point))
            (if (re-search-forward 
                 "\\(\\`\\|[\n\r]\\)[ \t]*\\\\end{thebibliography}" nil t)
                (progn
                  (beginning-of-line 1)
                  (setq end (point))))
            (when (and start end)
              (setq entries 
                    (append entries
                      (mapcar 'reftex-parse-bibitem
                        (delete ""
                                (split-string 
                                 (buffer-substring-no-properties start end)
                                 "[ \t\n\r]*\\\\bibitem\\(\\[[^]]*]\\)*"))))))
            (goto-char end)))))
    (unless entries
      (error "No bibitems found"))

    ;; Read a regexp, completing on known citation keys.
    (setq default (regexp-quote (reftex-get-bibkey-default)))
    (setq re-list 
          (split-string 
           (completing-read 
            (concat
             "Regex { && Regex...}: "
             "[" default "]: ")
            (if reftex-mode
                (if (fboundp 'LaTeX-bibitem-list)
                    (LaTeX-bibitem-list)
                  (cdr (assoc 'bibview-cache 
                              (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))
              nil)
            nil nil nil 'reftex-cite-regexp-hist)
           "[ \t]*&&[ \t]*"))

    (if (or (null re-list ) (equal re-list '("")))
        (setq re-list (list default)))

    (if (string-match "\\`[ \t]*\\'" (car re-list))
        (error "Empty regular expression"))

    (while (and (setq re (pop re-list)) entries)
      (setq entries 
            (delq nil (mapcar
                       (lambda (x)
                         (if (string-match re (cdr (assoc "&entry" x)))
                             x nil))
                       entries))))
    (setq entries 
          (mapcar 
            (lambda (x)
              (push (cons "&formatted" (reftex-format-bibitem x)) x)
              (push (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" x) x)
              x)
           entries))

    entries))

(defun reftex-get-bibkey-default ()
  ;; Return the word before the cursor.  If the cursor is in a
  ;; citation macro, return the word before the macro.
  (let* ((macro (reftex-what-macro 1)))
    (save-excursion
      (if (and macro (string-match "cite" (car macro)))
          (goto-char (cdr macro)))
      (skip-chars-backward "^a-zA-Z0-9")
      (reftex-this-word))))

;; Parse and format individual entries

(defun reftex-get-bib-names (field entry)
  ;; Return a list with the author or editor names in ENTRY
  (let ((names (reftex-get-bib-field field entry)))
    (if (equal "" names)
        (setq names (reftex-get-bib-field "editor" entry)))
    (while (string-match "\\band\\b[ \t]*" names)
      (setq names (replace-match "\n" nil t names)))
    (while (string-match "[\\.a-zA-Z\\-]+\\.[ \t]*\\|,.*\\|[{}]+" names)
      (setq names (replace-match "" nil t names)))
    (while (string-match "^[ \t]+\\|[ \t]+$" names)
      (setq names (replace-match "" nil t names)))
    (while (string-match "[ \t][ \t]+" names)
      (setq names (replace-match " " nil t names)))
    (split-string names "\n")))

(defun reftex-parse-bibtex-entry (entry &optional from to)
  (let (alist key start field)
    (save-excursion
      (save-restriction
        (if entry
            (progn
              (set-buffer (get-buffer-create " *RefTeX-scratch*"))
              (fundamental-mode)
              (set-syntax-table reftex-syntax-table-for-bib)
              (erase-buffer)
              (insert entry))
          (widen)
          (narrow-to-region from to))
        (goto-char (point-min))

        (if (re-search-forward
             "@\\(\\w+\\)[ \t\n\r]*[{(][ \t\n\r]*\\([^ \t\n\r,]+\\)" nil t)
            (setq alist
                  (list
                   (cons "&type" (downcase (reftex-match-string 1)))
                   (cons "&key"  (reftex-match-string 2)))))
        (while (re-search-forward "\\(\\w+\\)[ \t\n\r]*=[ \t\n\r]*" nil t)
          (setq key (downcase (reftex-match-string 1)))
          (cond
           ((= (following-char) ?{)
            (forward-char 1)
            (setq start (point))
            (condition-case nil
                (up-list 1)
              (error nil)))
           ((= (following-char) ?\")
            (forward-char 1)
            (setq start (point))
            (while (and (search-forward "\"" nil t)
                        (= ?\\ (char-after (- (point) 2))))))
           (t
            (setq start (point))
            (re-search-forward "[ \t]*[\n\r,}]" nil 1)))
          (setq field (buffer-substring-no-properties start (1- (point))))
          ;; remove extra whitespace
          (while (string-match "[\n\t\r]\\|[ \t][ \t]+" field)
            (setq field (replace-match " " nil t field)))
          ;; remove leading garbage
          (if (string-match "^[ \t{]+" field)
              (setq field (replace-match "" nil t field)))
          ;; remove trailing garbage
          (if (string-match "[ \t}]+$" field)
              (setq field (replace-match "" nil t field)))
          (push (cons key field) alist))))
    alist))

(defun reftex-get-bib-field (fieldname entry &optional format)
  ;; Extract the field FIELDNAME from an ENTRY
  (let ((cell (assoc fieldname entry)))
    (if cell
        (if format
            (format format (cdr cell))
          (cdr cell))
      "")))

(defun reftex-format-bib-entry (entry)
  ;; Format a BibTeX ENTRY so that it is nice to look at
  (let*
      ((auth-list (reftex-get-bib-names "author" entry))
       (authors (mapconcat 'identity auth-list ", "))
       (year      (reftex-get-bib-field "year" entry))
       (title     (reftex-get-bib-field "title" entry))
       (type      (reftex-get-bib-field "&type" entry))
       (key       (reftex-get-bib-field "&key"  entry))
       (extra
        (cond
         ((equal type "article")
          (concat (reftex-get-bib-field "journal" entry) " "
                  (reftex-get-bib-field "volume" entry) ", "
                  (reftex-get-bib-field "pages" entry)))
         ((equal type "book")
          (concat "book (" (reftex-get-bib-field "publisher" entry) ")"))
         ((equal type "phdthesis")
          (concat "PhD: " (reftex-get-bib-field "school" entry)))
         ((equal type "mastersthesis")
          (concat "Master: " (reftex-get-bib-field "school" entry)))
         ((equal type "inbook")
          (concat "Chap: " (reftex-get-bib-field "chapter" entry)
                  ", pp. " (reftex-get-bib-field "pages"   entry)))
         ((or (equal type "conference")
              (equal type "incollection")
              (equal type "inproceedings"))
          (reftex-get-bib-field "booktitle" entry "in: %s"))
         (t ""))))
    (setq authors (reftex-truncate authors 30 t t))
    (when (reftex-use-fonts)
      (put-text-property 0 (length key)     'face
                         (reftex-verified-face reftex-label-face
                                               'font-lock-constant-face
                                               'font-lock-reference-face)
                         key)
      (put-text-property 0 (length authors) 'face reftex-bib-author-face
                         authors)
      (put-text-property 0 (length year)    'face reftex-bib-year-face
                         year)
      (put-text-property 0 (length title)   'face reftex-bib-title-face
                         title)
      (put-text-property 0 (length extra)   'face reftex-bib-extra-face
                         extra))
    (concat key "\n     " authors " " year " " extra "\n     " title "\n\n")))

(defun reftex-parse-bibitem (item)
  ;; Parse a \bibitem entry
  (let ((key "") (text ""))
    (when (string-match "\\`{\\([^}]+\\)}\\([^\000]*\\)" item)
      (setq key (match-string 1 item)
            text (match-string 2 item)))
    ;; Clean up the text a little bit
    (while (string-match "[\n\r\t]\\|[ \t][ \t]+" text)
      (setq text (replace-match " " nil t text)))
    (if (string-match "\\`[ \t]+" text)
        (setq text (replace-match "" nil t text)))
    (list
     (cons "&key" key)
     (cons "&text" text)
     (cons "&entry" (concat key " " text)))))

(defun reftex-format-bibitem (item)
  ;; Format a \bibitem entry so that it is (relatively) nice to look at.
  (let ((text (reftex-get-bib-field "&text" item))
        (key  (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" item))
        (lines nil))

    ;; Wrap the text into several lines.
    (while (and (> (length text) 70)
                (string-match " " (substring text 60)))
        (push (substring text 0 (+ 60 (match-beginning 0))) lines)
        (setq text (substring text (+ 61 (match-beginning 0)))))
    (push text lines)
    (setq text (mapconcat 'identity (nreverse lines) "\n     "))

    (when (reftex-use-fonts)
      (put-text-property 0 (length text) 'face reftex-bib-author-face text))
    (concat key "\n     " text "\n\n")))

;; Make a citation

;;;###autoload
(defun reftex-citation (&optional no-insert format-key)
  "Make a citation using BibTeX database files.
After prompting for a regular expression, scans the buffers with
bibtex entries (taken from the \\bibliography command) and offers the
matching entries for selection.  The selected entry is formatted according
to `reftex-cite-format' and inserted into the buffer.

If NO-INSERT is non-nil, nothing is inserted, only the selected key returned.

FORAT-KEY can be used to pre-select a citation format.

When called with one or two `C-u' prefixes, first rescans the document.
When called with a numeric prefix, make that many citations.  When
called with point inside the braces of a `\\cite' command, it will
add another key, ignoring the value of `reftex-cite-format'.

The regular expression uses an expanded syntax: && is interpreted as `and'.
Thus, `aaaa&&bbb' matches entries which contain both `aaaa' and `bbb'.
While entering the regexp, completion on knows citation keys is possible.
`=' is a good regular expression to match all entries in all files."

  (interactive)

  ;; check for recursive edit
  (reftex-check-recursive-edit)

  ;; This function may also be called outside reftex-mode.
  ;; Thus look for the scanning info only if in reftex-mode.

  (when reftex-mode
    (reftex-access-scan-info current-prefix-arg))

  ;; Call reftex-do-citation, but protected
  (unwind-protect
      (reftex-do-citation current-prefix-arg no-insert format-key)
    (reftex-kill-temporary-buffers)))

(defun reftex-do-citation (&optional arg no-insert format-key)
  ;; This really does the work of reftex-citation.

  (let* ((format (reftex-figure-out-cite-format arg no-insert format-key))
         (docstruct-symbol reftex-docstruct-symbol)
         (selected-entries (reftex-offer-bib-menu))
         (insert-entries selected-entries)
         entry string cite-view)

    (unless selected-entries (error "Quit"))

    (if (stringp selected-entries)
        ;; Nonexistent entry
        (setq selected-entries nil
              insert-entries (list (list selected-entries
                                         (cons "&key" selected-entries))))
      ;; It makes sense to compute the cite-view strings.
      (setq cite-view t))

    (when (eq (car selected-entries) 'concat)
      ;; All keys go into a single command - we need to trick a little
      (pop selected-entries)
      (let ((concat-keys (mapconcat 'car selected-entries ",")))
        (setq insert-entries 
              (list (list concat-keys (cons "&key" concat-keys))))))
    
    (unless no-insert

      ;; We shall insert this into the buffer...
      (message "Formatting...")

      (while (setq entry (pop insert-entries))
        ;; Format the citation and insert it
        (setq string (if reftex-format-cite-function
                         (funcall reftex-format-cite-function
                                  (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" entry)
                                  format)
                       (reftex-format-citation entry format)))
        (insert string))

      ;; Reposition cursor?
      (when (string-match "\\?" string)
        (search-backward "?")
        (delete-char 1))

      ;; Tell AUCTeX
      (when (and reftex-mode 
                 (fboundp 'LaTeX-add-bibitems)
                 reftex-plug-into-AUCTeX)
        (apply 'LaTeX-add-bibitems (mapcar 'car selected-entries)))
      
      ;; Produce the cite-view strings
      (when (and reftex-mode reftex-cache-cite-echo cite-view)
        (mapcar (lambda (entry) 
                  (reftex-make-cite-echo-string entry docstruct-symbol))
                selected-entries))

      (message ""))

    (set-marker reftex-select-return-marker nil)
    (reftex-kill-buffer "*RefTeX Select*")
    
    ;; Check if the prefix arg was numeric, and call recursively
    (when (integerp arg)
      (if (> arg 1)
          (progn      
            (skip-chars-backward "}")
            (decf arg)
            (reftex-do-citation arg))
        (forward-char 1)))
    
    ;; Return the citation key
    (car (car selected-entries))))

(defun reftex-figure-out-cite-format (arg &optional no-insert format-key)
  ;; Check if there is already a cite command at point and change cite format
  ;; in order to only add another reference in the same cite command.
  (let ((macro (car (reftex-what-macro 1)))
        (cite-format-value (reftex-get-cite-format))
        key format)
    (cond
     (no-insert
      ;; Format does not really matter because nothing will be inserted.
      (setq format "%l"))
     
     ((and (stringp macro)
           (string-match "\\`\\\\cite\\|cite\\'" macro))
      ;; We are already inside a cite macro
      (if (or (not arg) (not (listp arg)))
          (setq format
                (concat
                 (if (member (preceding-char) '(?\{ ?,)) "" ",")
                 "%l"
                 (if (member (following-char) '(?\} ?,)) "" ",")))
        (setq format "%l")))
     (t
      ;; Figure out the correct format
      (setq format
            (if (and (symbolp cite-format-value)
                     (assq cite-format-value reftex-cite-format-builtin))
                (nth 2 (assq cite-format-value reftex-cite-format-builtin))
              cite-format-value))
      (when (listp format)
        (setq key
              (or format-key
                  (reftex-select-with-char 
                   "" (concat "SELECT A CITATION FORMAT\n\n"
                              (mapconcat
                               (lambda (x)
                                 (format "[%c] %s  %s" (car x)
                                         (if (> (car x) 31) " " "")
                                         (cdr x)))
                               format "\n")))))
        (if (assq key format)
            (setq format (cdr (assq key format)))
          (error "No citation format associated with key `%c'" key)))))
    format))

(defun reftex-citep ()
  "Call `reftex-citation' with a format selector `?p'."
  (interactive)
  (reftex-citation nil ?p))

(defun reftex-citet ()
  "Call `reftex-citation' with a format selector `?t'."
  (interactive)
  (reftex-citation nil ?t))

(defvar reftex-select-bib-map)
(defun reftex-offer-bib-menu ()
  ;; Offer bib menu and return list of selected items

  (let ((bibtype (reftex-bib-or-thebib))
        found-list rtn key data selected-entries)
    (while 
        (not 
         (catch 'done
           ;; Scan bibtex files
           (setq found-list
              (cond
               ((eq bibtype 'bib)
;              ((assq 'bib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))
                ;; using BibTeX database files.
                (reftex-extract-bib-entries (reftex-get-bibfile-list)))
               ((eq bibtype 'thebib)
;              ((assq 'thebib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))
                ;; using thebibliography environment.
                (reftex-extract-bib-entries-from-thebibliography
                 (reftex-uniquify
                  (mapcar 'cdr
                          (reftex-all-assq 
                           'thebib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))))
               (reftex-default-bibliography
                (message "Using default bibliography")
                (reftex-extract-bib-entries (reftex-default-bibliography)))
               (t (error "No valid bibliography in this document, and no default available"))))
           
           (unless found-list
             (error "Sorry, no matches found"))
    
          ;; Remember where we came from
          (setq reftex-call-back-to-this-buffer (current-buffer))
          (set-marker reftex-select-return-marker (point))
    
          ;; Offer selection
          (save-window-excursion
            (delete-other-windows)
            (let ((default-major-mode 'reftex-select-bib-mode))
              (reftex-kill-buffer "*RefTeX Select*")
              (switch-to-buffer-other-window "*RefTeX Select*")
              (unless (eq major-mode 'reftex-select-bib-mode)
                (reftex-select-bib-mode))
              (let ((buffer-read-only nil))
                (erase-buffer)
                (reftex-insert-bib-matches found-list)))
            (setq buffer-read-only t)
            (if (= 0 (buffer-size))
                (error "No matches found"))
            (setq truncate-lines t)
            (goto-char 1)
            (while t
              (setq rtn
                    (reftex-select-item
                     reftex-citation-prompt
                     reftex-citation-help
                     reftex-select-bib-map
                     nil
                     'reftex-bibtex-selection-callback nil))
              (setq key (car rtn)
                    data (nth 1 rtn))
              (unless key (throw 'done t))
              (cond
               ((eq key ?g)
                ;; Start over
                (throw 'done nil))
               ((eq key ?r)
                ;; Restrict with new regular expression
                (setq found-list (reftex-restrict-bib-matches found-list))
                (let ((buffer-read-only nil))
                  (erase-buffer)
                  (reftex-insert-bib-matches found-list))
                (goto-char 1))
               ((eq key ?A)
                ;; Take all (marked)
                (setq selected-entries 
                      (if reftex-select-marked
                          (mapcar 'car (nreverse reftex-select-marked))
                        found-list))
                (throw 'done t))
               ((eq key ?a)
                ;; Take all (marked), and push the symbol 'concat
                (setq selected-entries 
                      (cons 'concat 
                            (if reftex-select-marked
                                (mapcar 'car (nreverse reftex-select-marked))
                              found-list)))
                (throw 'done t))
               ((or (eq key ?\C-m)
                    (eq key 'return))
                ;; Take selected
                (setq selected-entries 
                      (if reftex-select-marked
                          (cons 'concat 
                                (mapcar 'car (nreverse reftex-select-marked)))
                        (if data (list data) nil)))
                (throw 'done t))
               ((stringp key)
                ;; Got this one with completion
                (setq selected-entries key)
                (throw 'done t))
               (t
                (ding))))))))
    selected-entries))

(defun reftex-restrict-bib-matches (found-list)
  ;; Limit FOUND-LIST with more regular expressions
  (let ((re-list (split-string (read-string
                                "RegExp [ && RegExp...]: "
                                nil 'reftex-cite-regexp-hist)
                               "[ \t]*&&[ \t]*"))
        (found-list-r found-list)
        re)
    (while (setq re (pop re-list))
      (setq found-list-r
            (delq nil
                  (mapcar
                   (lambda (x)
                     (if (string-match
                          re (cdr (assoc "&entry" x)))
                         x
                       nil))
                   found-list-r))))
    (if found-list-r
        found-list-r
      (ding)
      found-list)))

(defun reftex-insert-bib-matches (list)
  ;; Insert the bib matches and number them correctly
  (let ((mouse-face
         (if (memq reftex-highlight-selection '(mouse both))
             reftex-mouse-selected-face
           nil))
        tmp len)
    (mapcar 
     (lambda (x)
       (setq tmp (cdr (assoc "&formatted" x))
             len (length tmp))
       (put-text-property 0 len :data x tmp)
       (put-text-property 0 (1- len) 'mouse-face mouse-face tmp)
       (insert tmp))
     list))
  (run-hooks 'reftex-display-copied-context-hook))

(defun reftex-format-names (namelist n)
  (let (last (len (length namelist)))
    (if (= n 0) (setq n len))
    (cond
     ((< len 1) "")
     ((= 1 len) (car namelist))
     ((> len n) (concat (car namelist) (nth 2 reftex-cite-punctuation)))
     (t
      (setq n (min len n)
            last (nth (1- n) namelist))
      (setcdr (nthcdr (- n 2) namelist) nil)
      (concat
       (mapconcat 'identity namelist (nth 0 reftex-cite-punctuation))
       (nth 1 reftex-cite-punctuation)
       last)))))

(defun reftex-format-citation (entry format)
  ;; Format a citation from the info in the BibTeX ENTRY

  (unless (stringp format) (setq format "\\cite{%l}"))

  (if (and reftex-comment-citations
           (string-match "%l" reftex-cite-comment-format))
      (error "reftex-cite-comment-format contains illegal %%l"))

  (while (string-match
          "\\(\\`\\|[^%]\\)\\(\\(%\\([0-9]*\\)\\([a-zA-Z]\\)\\)[.,;: ]*\\)"
          format)
    (let ((n (string-to-int (match-string 4 format)))
          (l (string-to-char (match-string 5 format)))
          rpl b e)
      (save-match-data
        (setq rpl
              (cond
               ((= l ?l) (concat
                          (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" entry)
                          (if reftex-comment-citations
                              reftex-cite-comment-format
                            "")))
               ((= l ?a) (reftex-format-names
                          (reftex-get-bib-names "author" entry)
                          (or n 2)))
               ((= l ?A) (car (reftex-get-bib-names "author" entry)))
               ((= l ?b) (reftex-get-bib-field "booktitle" entry "in: %s"))
               ((= l ?B) (reftex-abbreviate-title
                          (reftex-get-bib-field "booktitle" entry "in: %s")))
               ((= l ?c) (reftex-get-bib-field "chapter" entry))
               ((= l ?d) (reftex-get-bib-field "edition" entry))
               ((= l ?e) (reftex-format-names
                          (reftex-get-bib-names "editor" entry)
                          (or n 2)))
               ((= l ?E) (car (reftex-get-bib-names "editor" entry)))
               ((= l ?h) (reftex-get-bib-field "howpublished" entry))
               ((= l ?i) (reftex-get-bib-field "institution" entry))
               ((= l ?j) (reftex-get-bib-field "journal" entry))
               ((= l ?k) (reftex-get-bib-field "key" entry))
               ((= l ?m) (reftex-get-bib-field "month" entry))
               ((= l ?n) (reftex-get-bib-field "number" entry))
               ((= l ?o) (reftex-get-bib-field "organization" entry))
               ((= l ?p) (reftex-get-bib-field "pages" entry))
               ((= l ?P) (car (split-string
                               (reftex-get-bib-field "pages" entry)
                               "[- .]+")))
               ((= l ?s) (reftex-get-bib-field "school" entry))
               ((= l ?u) (reftex-get-bib-field "publisher" entry))
               ((= l ?r) (reftex-get-bib-field "address" entry))
               ((= l ?t) (reftex-get-bib-field "title" entry))
               ((= l ?T) (reftex-abbreviate-title
                          (reftex-get-bib-field "title" entry)))
               ((= l ?v) (reftex-get-bib-field "volume" entry))
               ((= l ?y) (reftex-get-bib-field "year" entry)))))

      (if (string= rpl "")
          (setq b (match-beginning 2) e (match-end 2))
        (setq b (match-beginning 3) e (match-end 3)))
      (setq format (concat (substring format 0 b) rpl (substring format e)))))
  (while (string-match "%%" format)
    (setq format (replace-match "%" t t format)))
  (while (string-match "[ ,.;:]*%<" format)
    (setq format (replace-match "" t t format)))
  format)

(defun reftex-make-cite-echo-string (entry docstruct-symbol)
  ;; Format a bibtex entry for the echo area and cache the result.
  (let* ((key (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" entry))
         (string 
          (let* ((reftex-cite-punctuation '(" " " & " " etal.")))
            (reftex-format-citation entry reftex-cite-view-format)))
         (cache (assq 'bibview-cache (symbol-value docstruct-symbol)))
         (cache-entry (assoc key (cdr cache))))
    (unless cache
      ;; This docstruct has no cache - make one.
      (set docstruct-symbol (cons (cons 'bibview-cache nil)
                                  (symbol-value docstruct-symbol))))
    (when reftex-cache-cite-echo
      (setq key (copy-sequence key))
      (set-text-properties 0 (length key) nil key)
      (set-text-properties 0 (length string) nil string)
      (if cache-entry
          (unless (string= (cdr cache-entry) string)
            (setcdr cache-entry string)
            (put reftex-docstruct-symbol 'modified t))
        (push (cons key string) (cdr cache))
        (put reftex-docstruct-symbol 'modified t)))
    string))

(defun reftex-bibtex-selection-callback (data ignore no-revisit)
  ;; Callback function to be called from the BibTeX selection, in
  ;; order to display context.  This function is relatively slow and not
  ;; recommended for follow mode.  It works OK for individual lookups.
  (let ((win (selected-window))
        (key (reftex-get-bib-field "&key" data))
        bibfile-list item bibtype)

    (catch 'exit
      (save-excursion
        (set-buffer reftex-call-back-to-this-buffer)
        (setq bibtype (reftex-bib-or-thebib))
        (cond
         ((eq bibtype 'bib)
;        ((assq 'bib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))
          (setq bibfile-list (reftex-get-bibfile-list)))
         ((eq bibtype 'thebib)
;        ((assq 'thebib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))
          (setq bibfile-list
                (reftex-uniquify
                 (mapcar 'cdr
                         (reftex-all-assq 
                          'thebib (symbol-value reftex-docstruct-symbol))))
                item t))
         (reftex-default-bibliography
          (setq bibfile-list (reftex-default-bibliography)))
         (t (ding) (throw 'exit nil))))

      (when no-revisit
        (setq bibfile-list (reftex-visited-files bibfile-list)))

      (condition-case nil
          (reftex-pop-to-bibtex-entry 
           key bibfile-list (not reftex-keep-temporary-buffers) t item)
        (error (ding))))
      
    (select-window win)))

;;; reftex-cite.el ends here
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