viper / viper-ex.el

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;;; viper-ex.el --- functions implementing the Ex commands for Viper

;; Copyright (C) 1994, 95, 96, 97, 98, 2000, 01, 02 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Michael Kifer <kifer@cs.stonybrook.edu>

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;;; Code:

(provide 'viper-ex)

;; Compiler pacifier
(defvar read-file-name-map)
(defvar viper-use-register)
(defvar viper-s-string)
(defvar viper-shift-width)
(defvar viper-ex-history)
(defvar viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring)
(defvar viper-local-search-start-marker)
(defvar viper-expert-level)
(defvar viper-custom-file-name)
(defvar viper-case-fold-search)
(defvar explicit-shell-file-name)
(defvar compile-command)

;; loading happens only in non-interactive compilation
;; in order to spare non-viperized emacs from being viperized
(if noninteractive
    (eval-when-compile
      (let ((load-path (cons (expand-file-name ".") load-path)))
	(or (featurep 'viper-util)
	    (load "viper-util.el" nil nil 'nosuffix))
	(or (featurep 'viper-keym)
	    (load "viper-keym.el" nil nil 'nosuffix))
	(or (featurep 'viper-cmd)
	    (load "viper-cmd.el" nil nil 'nosuffix))
	)))
;; end pacifier

(require 'viper-util)

(defgroup viper-ex nil
  "Viper support for Ex commands"
  :prefix "ex-"
  :group 'viper)



;;; Variables

(defconst viper-ex-work-buf-name " *ex-working-space*")
(defconst viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name))
(defconst viper-ex-tmp-buf-name " *ex-tmp*")
(defconst viper-ex-print-buf-name " *ex-print*")
(defconst viper-ex-print-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-print-buf-name))


;;; ex-commands...

(defun ex-cmd-obsolete (name)
  (error "`%s': Obsolete command, not supported by Viper" name))

(defun ex-cmd-not-yet (name)
  (error "`%s': Command not implemented in Viper" name))

;; alist entries: name (in any order), command, cont(??)
;; If command is a string, then that is an alias to the real command
;; to execute (for instance, ":m" -> ":move").
;; command attributes:
;;   is-mashed: the command's args may be jammed right up against the command
;;   one-letter: this is a one-letter token.  Any text appearing after
;;	             the name gets appended as an argument for the command
;;               i.e. ":kabc" gets turned into (ex-mark "abc")
(defconst ex-token-alist '(
	("!"			(ex-command))
	("&"			(ex-substitute t))
	("="			(ex-line-no))
	(">"			(ex-line "right"))
	("<"			(ex-line "left"))
	("Buffer"		(if ex-cycle-other-window
				    (viper-switch-to-buffer)
				  (viper-switch-to-buffer-other-window)))
	("Next"			(ex-next (not ex-cycle-other-window)))
	("PreviousRelatedFile"  (ex-next-related-buffer -1))
	("RelatedFile"	    	(ex-next-related-buffer 1))
	("W"			"Write")
	("WWrite"		(save-some-buffers t))
	("Write"		(save-some-buffers))
	("a"			"append")
	("args"			(ex-args))
	("buffer"		(if ex-cycle-other-window
				    (viper-switch-to-buffer-other-window)
				  (viper-switch-to-buffer)))
	("c"			"change")
	;; ch should be "change" but maintain old viper compatibility
	("ch"			"chdir")
	("cd"			(ex-cd))
	("chdir"		(ex-cd))
	("copy"			(ex-copy nil))
	("customize"	    	(customize-group "viper"))
	("delete"		(ex-delete))
	("edit"			(ex-edit))
	("file"			(ex-set-visited-file-name))
	("g"			"global")
	("global"		(ex-global nil) is-mashed)
	("goto"			(ex-goto))
	("help"			(ex-help))
	("join"			(ex-line "join"))
	("k"			(ex-mark) one-letter)
	("kmark"		(ex-mark))
	("m"			"move")
	("make"     	    	(ex-compile))
	; old viper doesn't specify a default for "ma" so leave it undefined
	("map"			(ex-map))
	("mark"			(ex-mark))
	("move"			(ex-copy t))
	("next"			(ex-next ex-cycle-other-window))
	("p"			"print")
	("preserve"		(ex-preserve))
	("print"		(ex-print))
	("put"			(ex-put))
	("pwd"			(ex-pwd))
	("quit"			(ex-quit))
	("r"			"read")
	("re"			"read")
	("read"			(ex-read))
	("recover"		(ex-recover))
	("rewind"		(ex-rewind))
	("s"			"substitute")
	("su"			"substitute")
	("sub"			"substitute")
	("set"			(ex-set))
	("shell"		(ex-shell))
	("source"		(ex-source))
	("stop"			(suspend-emacs)) 
	("sr"			(ex-substitute t t))
	("submitReport"	    	(viper-submit-report))
	("substitute"	    	(ex-substitute) is-mashed)
	("suspend"		(suspend-emacs))
	("t"			"transfer")
	("tag"			(ex-tag))
	("transfer"		(ex-copy nil))
	("u"			"undo")
	("un"			"undo")
	("undo"			(viper-undo))
	("unmap"		(ex-unmap))
	("v"			"vglobal")
	("version"		(viper-version))
	("vglobal"		(ex-global t) is-mashed)
	("visual"		(ex-edit)) 
	("w"			"write")
	("wq"			(ex-write t))
	("write"		(ex-write nil))
	("xit"			(ex-write t))
	("yank"			(ex-yank))
	("~"			(ex-substitute t t))

	("append"		(ex-cmd-obsolete "append"))
	("change"		(ex-cmd-obsolete "change"))
	("insert"		(ex-cmd-obsolete "insert"))
	("open"			(ex-cmd-obsolete "open"))

	("list"			(ex-cmd-not-yet "list"))
	("z"			(ex-cmd-not-yet "z"))
	("#"			(ex-cmd-not-yet "#"))

	("abbreviate"	    	(error "`%s': Vi abbreviations are obsolete.  Use the more powerful Emacs abbrevs" ex-token))
	("unabbreviate"	    	(error "`%s': Vi abbreviations are obsolete.  Use the more powerful Emacs abbrevs" ex-token))
	))

;; No code should touch anything in the alist entry!  (other than the name,
;; "car entry", of course)   This way, changing this data structure
;; requires changing only the following ex-cmd functions...

;; Returns cmd if the command may be jammed right up against its
;; arguments, nil if there must be a space.
;; examples of mashable commands: g// g!// v// s// sno// sm//
(defun ex-cmd-is-mashed-with-args (cmd)
  (if (eq 'is-mashed (car (nthcdr 2 cmd))) cmd))

;; Returns true if this is a one-letter command that may be followed
;; by anything, no whitespace needed.  This is a special-case for ":k".
(defun ex-cmd-is-one-letter (cmd)
  (if (eq 'one-letter (car (nthcdr 2 cmd))) cmd))

;; Executes the function associated with the command
(defun ex-cmd-execute (cmd)
  (eval (cadr cmd)))

;; If this is a one-letter magic command, splice in args.
(defun ex-splice-args-in-1-letr-cmd (key list)
  (let ((onelet (ex-cmd-is-one-letter (assoc (substring key 0 1) list))))
    (if onelet
	(list key
	      (append (cadr onelet)
		      (if (< 1 (length key)) (list (substring key 1))))
	      (caddr onelet)))
	))


;; Returns the alist entry for the appropriate key.
;; Tries to complete the key before using it in the alist.
;; If there is no appropriate key (no match or duplicate matches) return nil
(defun ex-cmd-assoc (key list)
  (let ((entry (try-completion key list))
	result)
    (setq result (cond
		  ((eq entry t)     (assoc key list))
		  ((stringp entry)  (or (ex-splice-args-in-1-letr-cmd key list)
					(assoc entry list)))
		  ((eq entry nil)   (ex-splice-args-in-1-letr-cmd key list))
		  (t nil)
		  ))
    ;; If we end up with an alias, look up the alias...
    (if (stringp (cadr result))
    	(setq result (ex-cmd-assoc (cadr result) list)))
    ;; and return the corresponding alist entry
    result
    ))


;; A-list of Ex variables that can be set using the :set command.
(defconst ex-variable-alist 
  '(("wrapscan") ("ws") ("wrapmargin") ("wm")
    ("tabstop-global") ("ts-g") ("tabstop") ("ts")
    ("showmatch") ("sm") ("shiftwidth") ("sw") ("shell") ("sh")
    ("readonly") ("ro") 
    ("nowrapscan") ("nows") ("noshowmatch") ("nosm")
    ("noreadonly") ("noro") ("nomagic") ("noma")
    ("noignorecase") ("noic")
    ("noautoindent-global") ("noai-g") ("noautoindent") ("noai")
    ("magic") ("ma") ("ignorecase") ("ic")
    ("autoindent-global") ("ai-g") ("autoindent") ("ai") 
    ("all") 
    ))

  

;; Token recognized during parsing of Ex commands (e.g., "read", "comma")
(defvar ex-token nil)

;; Type of token. 
;; If non-nil, gives type of address; if nil, it is a command.
(defvar ex-token-type nil)

;; List of addresses passed to Ex command
(defvar ex-addresses nil)

;; This flag is supposed to be set only by `#', `print', and `list',
;; none of which is implemented.  So, it and the pices of the code it
;; controls are dead weight.  We keep it just in case this might be
;; needed in the future.
(defvar ex-flag nil)

;; "buffer" where Ex commands keep deleted data.
;; In Emacs terms, this is a register.
(defvar ex-buffer nil)

;; Value of ex count.
(defvar ex-count nil)

;; Flag indicating that :global Ex command is being executed.
(defvar ex-g-flag nil)
;; Flag indicating that :vglobal Ex command is being executed.
(defvar ex-g-variant nil)
;; Marks to operate on during a :global Ex command.
(defvar ex-g-marks nil)

;; Save reg-exp used in substitute.
(defvar ex-reg-exp nil)


;; Replace pattern for substitute.
(defvar ex-repl nil)

;; Pattern for global command.
(defvar ex-g-pat nil)

(defcustom ex-unix-type-shell
  (let ((case-fold-search t))
    (and (stringp shell-file-name)
	 (string-match
	  (concat
	   "\\("
	   "csh$\\|csh.exe$"
	   "\\|"
	   "ksh$\\|ksh.exe$"
	   "\\|"
	   "^sh$\\|sh.exe$"
	   "\\|"
	   "[^a-z]sh$\\|[^a-z]sh.exe$"
	   "\\|"
	   "bash$\\|bash.exe$"
	   "\\)")
	  shell-file-name)))
  "Is the user using a unix-type shell under a non-OS?"
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'viper-ex)

(defcustom ex-unix-type-shell-options
  (let ((case-fold-search t))
    (if ex-unix-type-shell
	(cond ((string-match "\\(csh$\\|csh.exe$\\)" shell-file-name)
	       "-f") ; csh: do it fast
	      ((string-match "\\(bash$\\|bash.exe$\\)" shell-file-name)
	       "-noprofile") ; bash: ignore .profile
	      )))
  "Options to pass to the Unix-style shell. 
Don't put `-c' here, as it is added automatically."
  :type '(choice (const nil) string)
  :group 'viper-ex)

(defcustom ex-compile-command "make"
  "The comand to run when the user types :make."
  :type 'string
  :group 'viper-ex)

(defcustom viper-glob-function
  (cond (ex-unix-type-shell 'viper-glob-unix-files)
	((eq system-type 'emx) 'viper-glob-mswindows-files) ; OS/2
	(viper-ms-style-os-p 'viper-glob-mswindows-files) ; Microsoft OS
	(viper-vms-os-p 'viper-glob-unix-files) ; VMS
	(t  'viper-glob-unix-files) ; presumably UNIX
	)
  "Expand the file spec containing wildcard symbols.
The default tries to set this variable to work with Unix, Windows,
OS/2, and VMS.

However, if it doesn't work right for some types of Unix shells or some OS, 
the user should supply the appropriate function and set this variable to the
corresponding function symbol."
  :type 'symbol
  :group 'viper-ex)


;; Remembers the previous Ex tag.
(defvar ex-tag nil)

;; file used by Ex commands like :r, :w, :n
(defvar ex-file nil)

;; If t, tells Ex that this is a variant-command, i.e., w>>, r!, etc.
(defvar ex-variant nil)

;; Specified the offset of an Ex command, such as :read.
(defvar ex-offset nil)

;; Tells Ex that this is a w>> command.
(defvar ex-append nil)

;; File containing the shell command to be executed at Ex prompt,
;; e.g., :r !date
(defvar ex-cmdfile nil)
(defvar ex-cmdfile-args "")
  
;; flag used in viper-ex-read-file-name to indicate that we may be reading
;; multiple file names.  Used for :edit and :next
(defvar viper-keep-reading-filename nil)

(defcustom ex-cycle-other-window t
  "*If t, :n and :b cycles through files and buffers in other window.
Then :N and :B cycles in the current window.  If nil, this behavior is
reversed."
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'viper-ex)

(defcustom ex-cycle-through-non-files nil
  "*Cycle through *scratch* and other buffers that don't visit any file."
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'viper-ex)

;; Last shell command executed with :! command.
(defvar viper-ex-last-shell-com nil)
  
;; Indicates if Minibuffer was exited temporarily in Ex-command.
(defvar viper-incomplete-ex-cmd nil)
  
;; Remembers the last ex-command prompt.
(defvar viper-last-ex-prompt "")


;; Get a complete ex command
(defun viper-get-ex-com-subr ()
  (let (cmd case-fold-search)
    (set-mark (point))
    (re-search-forward "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z]*")
    (setq ex-token-type 'command)
    (setq ex-token (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))
    (setq cmd (ex-cmd-assoc ex-token ex-token-alist))
    (if cmd
	(setq ex-token (car cmd))
      (setq ex-token-type 'non-command))
    ))

;; Get an ex-token which is either an address or a command.
;; A token has a type, \(command, address, end-mark\), and a value
(defun viper-get-ex-token ()
  (save-window-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (skip-chars-forward " \t|")
    (let ((case-fold-search t))
      (cond ((looking-at "#")
	     (setq ex-token-type 'command)
	     (setq ex-token (char-to-string (following-char)))
	     (forward-char 1))
	    ((looking-at "[a-z]") (viper-get-ex-com-subr))
	    ((looking-at "\\.")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token-type 'dot))
	    ((looking-at "[0-9]")
	     (set-mark (point))
	     (re-search-forward "[0-9]*")
	     (setq ex-token-type
		   (cond ((eq ex-token-type 'plus) 'add-number)
			 ((eq ex-token-type 'minus) 'sub-number)
			 (t 'abs-number)))
	     (setq ex-token
		   (string-to-int (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))))
	    ((looking-at "\\$")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token-type 'end))
	    ((looking-at "%")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token-type 'whole))
	    ((looking-at "+")
	     (cond ((or (looking-at "+[-+]") (looking-at "+[\n|]"))
		    (forward-char 1)
		    (insert "1")
		    (backward-char 1)
		  (setq ex-token-type 'plus))
		   ((looking-at "+[0-9]")
		    (forward-char 1)
		    (setq ex-token-type 'plus))
		   (t
		    (error viper-BadAddress))))
	    ((looking-at "-")
	     (cond ((or (looking-at "-[-+]") (looking-at "-[\n|]"))
		    (forward-char 1)
		    (insert "1")
		    (backward-char 1)
		    (setq ex-token-type 'minus))
		   ((looking-at "-[0-9]")
		    (forward-char 1)
		    (setq ex-token-type 'minus))
		   (t
		    (error viper-BadAddress))))
	    ((looking-at "/")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (set-mark (point))
	     (let ((cont t))
	       (while (and (not (eolp)) cont)
		 ;;(re-search-forward "[^/]*/")
		 (re-search-forward "[^/]*\\(/\\|\n\\)")
		 (if (not (viper-looking-back "[^\\\\]\\(\\\\\\\\\\)*\\\\/"))
		     (setq cont nil))))
	     (backward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))
	     (if (looking-at "/") (forward-char 1))
	     (setq ex-token-type 'search-forward))
	    ((looking-at "\\?")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (set-mark (point))
	     (let ((cont t))
	       (while (and (not (eolp)) cont)
		 ;;(re-search-forward "[^\\?]*\\?")
		 (re-search-forward "[^\\?]*\\(\\?\\|\n\\)")
		 (if (not (viper-looking-back "[^\\\\]\\(\\\\\\\\\\)*\\\\\\?"))
		     (setq cont nil))
		 (backward-char 1)
		 (if (not (looking-at "\n")) (forward-char 1))))
	     (setq ex-token-type 'search-backward)
	     (setq ex-token (buffer-substring (1- (point)) (mark t))))
	    ((looking-at ",")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token-type 'comma))
	    ((looking-at ";")
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (setq ex-token-type 'semi-colon))
	    ((looking-at "[!=><&~]")
	     (setq ex-token-type 'command)
	     (setq ex-token (char-to-string (following-char)))
	     (forward-char 1))
	    ((looking-at "'")
	     (setq ex-token-type 'goto-mark)
	     (forward-char 1)
	     (cond ((looking-at "'") (setq ex-token nil))
		   ((looking-at "[a-z]") (setq ex-token (following-char)))
		   (t (error "Marks are ' and a-z")))
	     (forward-char 1))
	    ((looking-at "\n")
	     (setq ex-token-type 'end-mark)
	     (setq ex-token "goto"))
	    (t
	     (error viper-BadExCommand))))))

;; Reads Ex command.  Tries to determine if it has to exit because command
;; is complete or invalid.  If not, keeps reading command.
(defun ex-cmd-read-exit ()
  (interactive)
  (setq viper-incomplete-ex-cmd t)
  (let ((quit-regex1 (concat
		      "\\(" "set[ \t]*"
		      "\\|" "edit[ \t]*"
		      "\\|" "[nN]ext[ \t]*"
		      "\\|" "unm[ \t]*"
		      "\\|" "^[ \t]*rep"
		      "\\)"))
	(quit-regex2 (concat
		      "[a-zA-Z][ \t]*"
		      "\\(" "!" "\\|" ">>"
		      "\\|" "\\+[0-9]+"
		      "\\)"
		      "*[ \t]*$"))
	(stay-regex (concat
		     "\\(" "^[ \t]*$"
		     "\\|" "[?/].*"
		     "\\|" "[ktgjmsz][ \t]*$"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*ab.*"
		     "\\|" "tr[ansfer \t]*"
		     "\\|" "sr[ \t]*"
		     "\\|" "mo.*"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*k?ma[^p]*"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*fi.*"
		     "\\|" "v?gl.*"
		     "\\|" "[vg][ \t]*$"
		     "\\|" "jo.*"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*ta.*"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*una.*"
		     ;; don't jump up in :s command
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*\\([`'][a-z]\\|[.,%]\\)*[ \t]*su.*"
		     "\\|" "^[ \t]*\\([`'][a-z]\\|[.,%]\\)*[ \t]*s[^a-z].*"
		     "\\|" "['`][a-z][ \t]*"
		     ;; r! assumes that the next one is a shell command
		     "\\|" "\\(r\\|re\\|rea\\|read\\)[ \t]*!"
		     ;; w ! assumes that the next one is a shell command
		     "\\|" "\\(w\\|wr\\|wri\\|writ.?\\)[ \t]+!"
		     "\\|" "![ \t]*[a-zA-Z].*"
		     "\\)"
		     "!*")))
	
    (save-window-excursion ;; put cursor at the end of the Ex working buffer
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (goto-char (point-max)))
    (cond ((viper-looking-back quit-regex1) (exit-minibuffer))
	  ((viper-looking-back stay-regex)  (insert " "))
	  ((viper-looking-back quit-regex2) (exit-minibuffer))
	  (t (insert " ")))))
  
;; complete Ex command
(defun ex-cmd-complete ()
  (interactive)
  (let (save-pos dist compl-list string-to-complete completion-result)
    
    (save-excursion
      (setq dist (skip-chars-backward "[a-zA-Z!=>&~]")
	    save-pos (point)))
	
    (if (or (= dist 0)
	    (viper-looking-back "\\([ \t]*['`][ \t]*[a-z]*\\)")
	    (viper-looking-back
	     "^[ \t]*[a-zA-Z!=>&~][ \t]*[/?]*[ \t]+[a-zA-Z!=>&~]+"))
	;; Preceding characters are not the ones allowed in an Ex command
	;; or we have typed past command name.
	;; Note: we didn't do parsing, so there can be surprises.
	(if (or (viper-looking-back "[a-zA-Z!=>&~][ \t]*[/?]*[ \t]*")
		(viper-looking-back "\\([ \t]*['`][ \t]*[a-z]*\\)")
		(looking-at "[^ \t\n\C-m]"))
	    nil
	  (with-output-to-temp-buffer "*Completions*" 
	    (display-completion-list
	     (viper-alist-to-list ex-token-alist))))
      ;; Preceding chars may be part of a command name
      (setq string-to-complete (buffer-substring save-pos (point)))
      (setq completion-result
	    (try-completion string-to-complete ex-token-alist))
      
      (cond ((eq completion-result t)  ; exact match--do nothing
	     (viper-tmp-insert-at-eob " (Sole completion)"))
	    ((eq completion-result nil)
	     (viper-tmp-insert-at-eob " (No match)"))
	    (t  ;; partial completion
	     (goto-char save-pos)
	     (delete-region (point) (point-max))
	     (insert completion-result)
	     (let (case-fold-search)
	       (setq compl-list
		     (viper-filter-alist (concat "^" completion-result)
				       ex-token-alist)))
	     (if (> (length compl-list) 1)
		 (with-output-to-temp-buffer "*Completions*" 
		   (display-completion-list
		    (viper-alist-to-list (reverse compl-list)))))))
      )))
    

;; Read Ex commands 
;; ARG is a prefix argument. If given, the ex command runs on the region
;;(without the user having to specify the address :a,b
;; STRING is the command to execute. If nil, then Viper asks you to enter the
;; command. 
(defun viper-ex (arg &optional string)
  (interactive "P")
  (or string
      (setq ex-g-flag nil
	    ex-g-variant nil))
  (let* ((map (copy-keymap minibuffer-local-map))
	 (address nil)
	 (cont t)
	 (dot (point))
	 reg-beg-line reg-end-line
	 reg-beg reg-end
	 initial-str
	 prev-token-type com-str)
    (viper-add-keymap viper-ex-cmd-map map)

    (if arg
	(progn
	  (viper-enlarge-region (mark t) (point))
	  (if (> (point) (mark t))
	      (setq reg-beg (mark t)
		    reg-end (point))
	    (setq reg-end (mark t)
		  reg-beg (point)))
	  (save-excursion
	    (goto-char reg-beg)
	    (setq reg-beg-line (1+ (count-lines (point-min) (point)))
		  reg-end-line
		  (+ reg-beg-line (count-lines reg-beg reg-end) -1)))))
    (if reg-beg-line
	(setq initial-str (format "%d,%d" reg-beg-line reg-end-line)))
    
    (setq com-str 
	  (or string (viper-read-string-with-history
		      ":" 
		      initial-str
		      'viper-ex-history
		      ;; no default when working on region
		      (if initial-str
			  nil
			(car viper-ex-history))
		      map
		      (if initial-str
			  " [Type command to execute on current region]"))))
    (save-window-excursion
      ;; just a precaution
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (delete-region (point-min) (point-max))
      (insert com-str "\n")
      (goto-char (point-min)))
    (setq ex-token-type nil
	  ex-addresses nil)
    (while cont
      (viper-get-ex-token)
      (cond ((memq ex-token-type '(command end-mark))
	     (if address (setq ex-addresses (cons address ex-addresses)))
	     (viper-deactivate-mark)
	     (let ((cmd (ex-cmd-assoc ex-token ex-token-alist)))
	       (if (null cmd)
		   (error "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-BadExCommand))
	       (ex-cmd-execute cmd)
	       (if (or (ex-cmd-is-mashed-with-args cmd)
		       (ex-cmd-is-one-letter cmd))
		   (setq cont nil)
		 (save-excursion
		   (save-window-excursion
		     (setq viper-ex-work-buf
			   (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name))
		     (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
		     (skip-chars-forward " \t")
		     (cond ((looking-at "|")
			    (forward-char 1))
			   ((looking-at "\n")
			    (setq cont nil))
			   (t (error
			       "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-SpuriousText)))
		     )))
	       ))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'non-command)
	     (error "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-BadExCommand))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'whole)
	     (setq address nil)
	     (setq ex-addresses
		   (if ex-addresses
		       (cons (point-max) ex-addresses)
		     (cons (point-max) (cons (point-min) ex-addresses)))))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'comma)
	     (if (eq prev-token-type 'whole)
		 (setq address (point-min)))
	     (setq ex-addresses
		   (cons (if (null address) (point) address) ex-addresses)))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'semi-colon)
	     (if (eq prev-token-type 'whole)
		 (setq address (point-min)))
	     (if address (setq dot address))
	     (setq ex-addresses
		   (cons (if (null address) (point) address) ex-addresses)))
	    (t (let ((ans (viper-get-ex-address-subr address dot)))
		 (if ans (setq address ans)))))
      (setq prev-token-type ex-token-type))))
      

;; Get a regular expression and set `ex-variant', if found
;; Viper doesn't parse the substitution or search patterns.
;; In particular, it doesn't expand ~ into the last substitution.
(defun viper-get-ex-pat ()
  (save-window-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name))
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
    (if (looking-at "!")
	;; this is probably a variant command r!
	(progn
	  (setq ex-g-variant (not ex-g-variant)
		ex-g-flag (not ex-g-flag))
	  (forward-char 1)
	  (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
    (let ((c (following-char)))
      (cond ((string-match "[0-9A-Za-z]" (format "%c" c))
	     (error
	      "Global regexp must be inside matching non-alphanumeric chars"))
	    ((= c ??) (error "`?' is not an allowed pattern delimiter here")))
      (if (looking-at "[^\\\\\n]")
	  (progn
	    (forward-char 1)
	    (set-mark (point))
	    (let ((cont t))
	      ;; the use of eobp instead of eolp permits the use of newlines in
	      ;; pat2 in s/pat1/pat2/
	      (while (and (not (eobp)) cont)
		(if (not (re-search-forward (format "[^%c]*%c" c c) nil t))
		    (if (member ex-token '("global" "vglobal"))
			(error "Missing closing delimiter for global regexp")
		      (goto-char (point-max))))
		(if (not (viper-looking-back
			  (format "[^\\\\]\\(\\\\\\\\\\)*\\\\%c" c)))
		    (setq cont nil)
		  ;; we are at an escaped delimiter: unescape it and continue
		  (delete-backward-char 2)
		  (insert c)
		  (if (eolp)
		      ;; if at eol, exit loop and go to next line
		      ;; later, delim will be inserted at the end
		      (progn
			(setq cont nil)
			(forward-char))))
		))
	    (setq ex-token
		  (if (= (mark t) (point)) ""
		    (buffer-substring (1- (point)) (mark t))))
	    (backward-char 1)
	    ;; if the user didn't insert the final pattern delimiter, we're
	    ;; at newline now.  In this case, insert the initial delimiter
	    ;; specified in variable c
	    (if (eolp)
		(progn
		  (insert c)
		  (backward-char 1)))
	    )
	(setq ex-token nil))
      c)))

;; Get an Ex option g or c
(defun viper-get-ex-opt-gc (c)
  (save-window-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (if (looking-at (format "%c" c)) (forward-char 1))
    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
    (cond ((looking-at "g")
	   (setq ex-token "g")
	   (forward-char 1)
	   t)
	  ((looking-at "c")
	   (setq ex-token "c")
	   (forward-char 1)
	   t)
	  (t nil))))

;; Compute default addresses.  WHOLE-FLAG means use the whole buffer
(defun viper-default-ex-addresses (&optional whole-flag)
  (cond ((null ex-addresses)
	 (setq ex-addresses
	       (if whole-flag
		   (list (point-max) (point-min))
		 (list (point) (point)))))
	((null (cdr ex-addresses))
	 (setq ex-addresses
	       (cons (car ex-addresses) ex-addresses)))))

;; Get an ex-address as a marker and set ex-flag if a flag is found
(defun viper-get-ex-address ()
  (let ((address (point-marker))
	(cont t))
    (setq ex-token "")
    (setq ex-flag nil)
    (while cont
      (viper-get-ex-token)
      (cond ((eq ex-token-type 'command)
	     (if (member ex-token '("print" "list" "#"))
		 (progn
		   (setq ex-flag t
			 cont nil))
	       (error "Address expected in this Ex command")))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'end-mark)
	     (setq cont nil))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'whole)
	     (error "Trailing address expected"))
	    ((eq ex-token-type 'comma)
	     (error "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-SpuriousText))
	    (t (let ((ans (viper-get-ex-address-subr address (point-marker))))
		 (if ans (setq address ans))))))
    address))

;; Returns an address as a point
(defun viper-get-ex-address-subr (old-address dot)
  (let ((address nil))
    (if (null old-address) (setq old-address dot))
    (cond ((eq ex-token-type 'dot)
	   (setq address dot))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'add-number)
	   (save-excursion
	     (goto-char old-address)
	     (forward-line (if (= old-address 0) (1- ex-token) ex-token))
	     (setq address (point-marker))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'sub-number)
	   (save-excursion
	     (goto-char old-address)
	     (forward-line (- ex-token))
	     (setq address (point-marker))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'abs-number)
	   (save-excursion
	     (goto-char (point-min))
	     (if (= ex-token 0) (setq address 0)
	       (forward-line (1- ex-token))
	       (setq address (point-marker)))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'end)
	   (save-excursion
	     (goto-char (1- (point-max)))
	     (setq address (point-marker))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'plus) t)  ; do nothing
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'minus) t) ; do nothing
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'search-forward)
	   (save-excursion
	     (ex-search-address t)
	     (setq address (point-marker))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'search-backward)
	   (save-excursion
	     (ex-search-address nil)
	     (setq address (point-marker))))
	  ((eq ex-token-type 'goto-mark)
	   (save-excursion
	     (if (null ex-token)
		 (exchange-point-and-mark)
	       (goto-char 
		(viper-register-to-point
		 (viper-int-to-char (1+ (- ex-token ?a))) 'enforce-buffer)))
	     (setq address (point-marker)))))
    address))


;; Search pattern and set address
;; Doesn't wrap around. Should it?
(defun ex-search-address (forward)
  (if (string= ex-token "")
      (if (null viper-s-string)
	  (error viper-NoPrevSearch)
	(setq ex-token viper-s-string))
    (setq viper-s-string ex-token))
  (if forward
      (progn
	(forward-line 1)
	(re-search-forward ex-token))
    (forward-line -1)
    (re-search-backward ex-token)))

;; Get a buffer name and set `ex-count' and `ex-flag' if found
(defun viper-get-ex-buffer ()
  (setq ex-buffer nil)
  (setq ex-count nil)
  (setq ex-flag nil)
  (save-window-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
    (if (looking-at "[a-zA-Z]")
	(progn
	  (setq ex-buffer (following-char))
	  (forward-char 1)
	  (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
    (if (looking-at "[0-9]")
	(progn
	  (set-mark (point))
	  (re-search-forward "[0-9][0-9]*")
	  (setq ex-count (string-to-int (buffer-substring (point) (mark t))))
	  (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
    (if (looking-at "[pl#]")
	(progn
	  (setq ex-flag t)
	  (forward-char 1)))
    (if (not (looking-at "[\n|]"))
	(error "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-SpuriousText))))

(defun viper-get-ex-count ()
  (setq ex-variant nil
	ex-count nil
	ex-flag nil)
  (save-window-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
    (if (looking-at "!")
	(progn
	  (setq ex-variant t)
	  (forward-char 1)))
    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
    (if (looking-at "[0-9]")
	(progn
	  (set-mark (point))
	  (re-search-forward "[0-9][0-9]*")
	  (setq ex-count (string-to-int (buffer-substring (point) (mark t))))
	  (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
    (if (looking-at "[pl#]")
	(progn
	  (setq ex-flag t)
	  (forward-char 1)))
    (if (not (looking-at "[\n|]"))
	(error "`%s': %s"
	       (buffer-substring
		(point-min) (1- (point-max))) viper-BadExCommand))))

;; Expand \% and \# in ex command
(defun ex-expand-filsyms (cmd buf)
  (let (cf pf ret)
    (save-excursion 
      (set-buffer buf)
      (setq cf buffer-file-name)
      (setq pf (ex-next nil t))) ; this finds alternative file name
    (if (and (null cf) (string-match "[^\\]%\\|\\`%" cmd))
	(error "No current file to substitute for `%%'"))
    (if (and (null pf) (string-match "[^\\]#\\|\\`#" cmd))
	(error "No alternate file to substitute for `#'"))
    (save-excursion
      (set-buffer (get-buffer-create viper-ex-tmp-buf-name))
      (erase-buffer)
      (insert cmd)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "%\\|#" nil t)
	(let ((data (match-data)) 
	      (char (buffer-substring (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0))))
	  (if (viper-looking-back (concat "\\\\" char))
	      (replace-match char)
	    (store-match-data data)
	    (if (string= char "%")
		(replace-match cf)
	      (replace-match pf)))))
      (end-of-line)
      (setq ret (buffer-substring (point-min) (point)))
      (message "%s" ret))
    ret))

;; Get a file name and set `ex-variant', `ex-append' and `ex-offset' if found
;; If it is r!, then get the command name and whatever args
(defun viper-get-ex-file ()
  (let (prompt)
    (setq ex-file nil
	  ex-variant nil
	  ex-append nil
	  ex-offset nil
	  ex-cmdfile nil
	  ex-cmdfile-args "")
    (save-excursion
      (save-window-excursion
	(setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
	(set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
	(skip-chars-forward " \t")
	(if (looking-at "!")
	    (if (and (not (viper-looking-back "[ \t]"))
		     ;; read doesn't have a corresponding :r! form, so ! is
		     ;; immediately interpreted as a shell command.
		     (not (string= ex-token "read")))
		(progn
		  (setq ex-variant t)
		  (forward-char 1)
		  (skip-chars-forward " \t"))
	      (setq ex-cmdfile t)
	      (forward-char 1)
	      (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
	(if (looking-at ">>")
	    (progn
	      (setq ex-append t
		    ex-variant t)
	      (forward-char 2)
	      (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
	(if (looking-at "+")
	    (progn
	      (forward-char 1)
	      (set-mark (point))
	      (re-search-forward "[ \t\n]")
	      (backward-char 1)
	      (setq ex-offset (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))
	      (forward-char 1)
	      (skip-chars-forward " \t")))
	;; this takes care of :r, :w, etc., when they get file names
	;; from the history list
	(if (member ex-token '("read" "write" "edit" "visual" "next"))
	    (progn
	      (setq ex-file (buffer-substring (point)  (1- (point-max))))
	      (setq ex-file
		    ;; For :e, match multiple non-white strings separated
		    ;; by white.  For others, find the first non-white string
		    (if (string-match
			 (if (string= ex-token "edit")
			     "[^ \t\n]+\\([ \t]+[^ \t\n]+\\)*"
			   "[^ \t\n]+")
			 ex-file)
			(progn
			  ;; if file name comes from history, don't leave
			  ;; minibuffer when the user types space
			  (setq viper-incomplete-ex-cmd nil)
			  (setq ex-cmdfile-args
				(substring ex-file (match-end 0) nil))
			  ;; this must be the last clause in this progn
			  (substring ex-file (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0))
			  )
		      ""))
	      ;; this leaves only the command name in the work area
	      ;; file names are gone
	      (delete-region (point) (1- (point-max)))
	      ))
	(goto-char (point-max))
	(skip-chars-backward " \t\n")
	(setq prompt (buffer-substring (point-min) (point)))
	))
    
    (setq viper-last-ex-prompt prompt)
    
    ;; If we just finished reading command, redisplay prompt
    (if viper-incomplete-ex-cmd
	(setq ex-file (viper-ex-read-file-name (format ":%s " prompt)))
      ;; file was typed in-line
      (setq ex-file (or ex-file "")))
    ))


;; Completes file name or exits minibuffer.  If Ex command accepts multiple
;; file names, arranges to re-enter the minibuffer.
(defun viper-complete-filename-or-exit ()
  (interactive)
  (setq viper-keep-reading-filename t) 
  ;; don't exit if directory---ex-commands don't 
  (cond ((ex-cmd-accepts-multiple-files-p ex-token) (exit-minibuffer))
	;; apparently the argument to an Ex command is
	;; supposed to be a shell command
	((viper-looking-back "^[ \t]*!.*")
	 (setq ex-cmdfile t)
	 (insert " "))
	(t
	 (setq ex-cmdfile nil)
	 (minibuffer-complete-word))))

(defun viper-handle-! ()
  (interactive)
  (if (and (string=
	    (buffer-string) (viper-abbreviate-file-name default-directory))
	   (member ex-token '("read" "write")))
      (erase-buffer))
  (insert "!"))

(defun ex-cmd-accepts-multiple-files-p (token)
  (member token '("edit" "next" "Next")))

;; Read file name from the minibuffer in an ex command.
;; If user doesn't enter anything, then "" is returned, i.e., the
;; prompt-directory is not returned.
(defun viper-ex-read-file-name (prompt)
  (let* ((str "")
	 (minibuffer-local-completion-map
	  (copy-keymap minibuffer-local-completion-map))
	 beg end cont val)
    
    (viper-add-keymap ex-read-filename-map
		    (if viper-emacs-p 
			minibuffer-local-completion-map
		      read-file-name-map)) 
		    
    (setq cont (setq viper-keep-reading-filename t))
    (while cont
      (setq viper-keep-reading-filename nil
	    val (read-file-name (concat prompt str) nil default-directory))
      (setq val (expand-file-name val))
      (if (and (string-match " " val)
	       (ex-cmd-accepts-multiple-files-p ex-token))
	  (setq val (concat "\"" val "\"")))
      (setq str  (concat str (if (equal val "") "" " ")
			 val (if (equal val "") "" " ")))
			 
      ;; Only edit, next, and Next commands accept multiple files.
      ;; viper-keep-reading-filename is set in the anonymous function that is
      ;; bound to " " in ex-read-filename-map.
      (setq cont (and viper-keep-reading-filename
		      (ex-cmd-accepts-multiple-files-p ex-token)))
      )
    
    (setq beg (string-match "[^ \t]" str)   ; delete leading blanks
	  end (string-match "[ \t]*$" str)) ; delete trailing blanks
    (if (member ex-token '("read" "write"))
	  (if (string-match "[\t ]*!" str)
	      ;; this is actually a shell command
	      (progn
		(setq ex-cmdfile t)
		(setq beg (1+ beg))
		(setq viper-last-ex-prompt
		      (concat viper-last-ex-prompt " !")))))
    (substring str (or beg 0) end)))


(defun viper-undisplayed-files ()
  (mapcar
   (lambda (b) 
     (if (null (get-buffer-window b))
	 (let ((f (buffer-file-name b)))
	   (if f f
	     (if ex-cycle-through-non-files 
		 (let ((s (buffer-name b)))
		   (if (string= " " (substring s 0 1))
		       nil
		     s))
	       nil)))
       nil))
   (buffer-list)))


(defun ex-args ()
  (let ((l (viper-undisplayed-files))
	(args "")
	(file-count 1))
    (while (not (null l))
      (if (car l) 
	  (setq args (format "%s %d) %s\n" args file-count (car l))
		file-count (1+ file-count)))
      (setq l (cdr l)))
    (if (string= args "")
	(message "All files are already displayed")
      (save-excursion
	(save-window-excursion
	  (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *viper-info*"
	    (princ "\n\nThese files are not displayed in any window.\n")
	    (princ "\n=============\n")
	    (princ args)
	    (princ "\n=============\n")
	    (princ "\nThe numbers can be given as counts to :next. ")
	    (princ "\n\nPress any key to continue...\n\n"))
	  (viper-read-event))))))

;; Ex cd command.  Default directory of this buffer changes
(defun ex-cd ()
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (if (string= ex-file "")
      (setq ex-file "~"))
  (setq default-directory (file-name-as-directory (expand-file-name ex-file))))

;; Ex copy and move command.  DEL-FLAG means delete
(defun ex-copy (del-flag)
  (viper-default-ex-addresses)
  (let ((address (viper-get-ex-address))
	(end (car ex-addresses)) (beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))))
    (goto-char end)
    (save-excursion
      (push-mark beg t)
      (viper-enlarge-region (mark t) (point))
      (if del-flag
	  (kill-region (point) (mark t))
	(copy-region-as-kill (point) (mark t)))
      (if ex-flag
	  (progn
	    (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *copy text*"
	      (princ
	       (if (or del-flag ex-g-flag ex-g-variant)
		   (current-kill 0)
		 (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))))
	    (condition-case nil
		(progn
		  (read-string "[Hit return to confirm] ")
		  (save-excursion (kill-buffer " *copy text*")))
	      (quit (save-excursion (kill-buffer " *copy text*"))
		    (signal 'quit nil))))))
    (if (= address 0)
	(goto-char (point-min))
      (goto-char address)
      (forward-line 1))
      (insert (current-kill 0))))

;; Ex delete command
(defun ex-delete ()
  (viper-default-ex-addresses)
  (viper-get-ex-buffer)
  (let ((end (car ex-addresses)) (beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))))
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (save-excursion
      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
      (exchange-point-and-mark)
      (if ex-count
	  (progn
	    (set-mark (point))
	    (forward-line (1- ex-count)))
	(set-mark end))
      (viper-enlarge-region (point) (mark t))
      (if ex-flag
	  ;; show text to be deleted and ask for confirmation
	  (progn
	    (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *delete text*"
	      (princ (buffer-substring (point) (mark t))))
	    (condition-case nil
		(read-string "[Hit return to confirm] ")
	      (quit
	       (save-excursion (kill-buffer " *delete text*"))
	       (error "")))
	    (save-excursion (kill-buffer " *delete text*")))
	(if ex-buffer
	    (cond ((viper-valid-register ex-buffer '(Letter))
		   (viper-append-to-register
		    (downcase ex-buffer) (point) (mark t)))
		  ((viper-valid-register ex-buffer)
		   (copy-to-register ex-buffer (point) (mark t) nil))
		  (t (error viper-InvalidRegister ex-buffer))))
	(kill-region (point) (mark t))))))



;; Ex edit command
;; In Viper, `e' and `e!' behave identically.  In both cases, the user is
;; asked if current buffer should really be discarded.
;; This command can take multiple file names.  It replaces the current buffer
;; with the first file in its argument list
(defun ex-edit (&optional file)
  (if (not file)
      (viper-get-ex-file))
  (cond ((and (string= ex-file "") buffer-file-name)
	 (setq ex-file  (viper-abbreviate-file-name (buffer-file-name))))
	((string= ex-file "")
	 (error viper-NoFileSpecified)))
      
     (let (msg do-edit)
       (if buffer-file-name
   	(cond ((buffer-modified-p)
   	       (setq msg
   		     (format "Buffer %s is modified.  Discard changes? "
   			     (buffer-name))
   		     do-edit t))
   	      ((not (verify-visited-file-modtime (current-buffer)))
   	       (setq msg
   		     (format "File %s changed on disk.  Reread from disk? "
   			     buffer-file-name)
   		     do-edit t))
   	      (t (setq do-edit nil))))
         
       (if do-edit
   	(if (yes-or-no-p msg)
   	    (progn
   	      (set-buffer-modified-p nil)
   	      (kill-buffer (current-buffer)))
   	  (message "Buffer %s was left intact" (buffer-name))))
       ) ; let
  
  (if (null (setq file (get-file-buffer ex-file)))
      (progn 
	;; this also does shell-style globbing
	(ex-find-file
	 ;; replace # and % with the previous/current file
	 (ex-expand-filsyms ex-file (current-buffer)))
	(or (eq major-mode 'dired-mode)
	    (viper-change-state-to-vi))
	(goto-char (point-min)))
    (switch-to-buffer file))
  (if ex-offset
      (progn
	(save-window-excursion
	  (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
	  (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
	  (delete-region (point-min) (point-max))
	  (insert ex-offset "\n")
	  (goto-char (point-min)))
	(goto-char (viper-get-ex-address))
	(beginning-of-line)))
  (ex-fixup-history viper-last-ex-prompt ex-file))

;; Find-file FILESPEC if it appears to specify a single file.
;; Otherwise, assume that FILESPEC is a wildcard.
;; In this case, split it into substrings separated by newlines.
;; Each line is assumed to be a file name.
(defun ex-find-file (filespec)
  (let ((nonstandard-filename-chars "[^-a-zA-Z0-9_./,~$\\]"))
    (cond ((file-exists-p filespec) (find-file filespec))
	  ((string-match nonstandard-filename-chars  filespec)
	   (mapcar 'find-file (funcall viper-glob-function filespec)))
	  (t (find-file filespec)))
    ))


;; Ex global command
;; This is executed in response to:
;;		:global "pattern" ex-command
;;		:vglobal "pattern" ex-command
;; :global executes ex-command on all lines matching <pattern>
;; :vglobal executes ex-command on all lines that don't match <pattern>
;;
;; With VARIANT nil, this functions executes :global
;; With VARIANT t, executes :vglobal
(defun ex-global (variant)
  (let ((gcommand ex-token))
    (if (or ex-g-flag ex-g-variant)
	(error "`%s' within `global' is not allowed" gcommand)
      (if variant
	  (setq ex-g-flag nil
		ex-g-variant t)
	(setq ex-g-flag t
	      ex-g-variant nil)))
    (viper-get-ex-pat)
    (if (null ex-token)
	(error "`%s': Missing regular expression" gcommand)))
  
  (if (string= ex-token "")
      (if (null viper-s-string)
	  (error viper-NoPrevSearch)
	(setq ex-g-pat viper-s-string))
    (setq ex-g-pat ex-token
	  viper-s-string ex-token))
  (if (null ex-addresses)
      (setq ex-addresses (list (point-max) (point-min)))
    (viper-default-ex-addresses))
  (setq ex-g-marks nil)
  (let ((mark-count 0)
	(end (car ex-addresses))
	(beg (car (cdr ex-addresses)))
	com-str)
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (save-excursion
      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
      (exchange-point-and-mark)
      (let ((cont t) (limit (point-marker)))
	(exchange-point-and-mark)
	;; skip the last line if empty
	(beginning-of-line)
	(if (eobp) (viper-backward-char-carefully))
	(while (and cont (not (bobp)) (>= (point) limit))
	  (beginning-of-line)
	  (set-mark (point))
	  (end-of-line)
	  (let ((found (re-search-backward ex-g-pat (mark t) t)))
	    (if (or (and ex-g-flag found)
		    (and ex-g-variant (not found)))
		(progn
		  (end-of-line)
		  (setq mark-count (1+ mark-count))
		  (setq ex-g-marks (cons (point-marker) ex-g-marks)))))
	  (beginning-of-line)
	  (if (bobp) (setq cont nil)
	    (forward-line -1)
	    (end-of-line)))))
    (save-window-excursion
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      ;; com-str is the command string, i.e., g/pattern/ or v/pattern'
      (setq com-str (buffer-substring (1+ (point)) (1- (point-max)))))
    (while ex-g-marks
      (goto-char (car ex-g-marks))
      (viper-ex nil com-str)
      (setq mark-count (1- mark-count))
      (setq ex-g-marks (cdr ex-g-marks)))))

;; Ex goto command
(defun ex-goto ()
  (if (null ex-addresses)
      (setq ex-addresses (cons (point) nil)))
  (push-mark (point) t)
  (goto-char (car ex-addresses))
  (beginning-of-line)
  )

;; Ex line commands.  COM is join, shift-right or shift-left
(defun ex-line (com)
  (viper-default-ex-addresses)
  (viper-get-ex-count)
  (let ((end (car ex-addresses)) (beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))) point)
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (save-excursion
      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
      (exchange-point-and-mark)
      (if ex-count
	  (progn
	    (set-mark (point))
	    (forward-line ex-count)))
      (if ex-flag
	  ;; show text to be joined and ask for confirmation
	  (progn
	    (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *join text*"
	      (princ (buffer-substring (point) (mark t))))
	    (condition-case nil
		(progn
		  (read-string "[Hit return to confirm] ")
		  (ex-line-subr com (point) (mark t)))
	      (quit (ding)))
	    (save-excursion (kill-buffer " *join text*")))
	(ex-line-subr com (point) (mark t)))
      (setq point (point)))
    (goto-char (1- point))
    (beginning-of-line)))

(defun ex-line-subr (com beg end)
  (cond ((string= com "join")
	 (goto-char (min beg end))
	 (while (and (not (eobp)) (< (point) (max beg end)))
	   (end-of-line)
	   (if (and (<= (point) (max beg end)) (not (eobp)))
	       (progn
		 (forward-line 1)
		 (delete-region (point) (1- (point)))
		 (if (not ex-variant) (fixup-whitespace))))))
	((or (string= com "right") (string= com "left"))
	 (indent-rigidly
	  (min beg end) (max beg end)
	  (if (string= com "right") viper-shift-width (- viper-shift-width)))
	 (goto-char (max beg end))
	 (end-of-line)
	 (viper-forward-char-carefully))))


;; Ex mark command
;; Sets the mark to the current point.
;; If name is omitted, get the name straight from the work buffer."
(defun ex-mark (&optional name)
  (let (char)
    (if (null ex-addresses)
	(setq ex-addresses
	      (cons (point) nil)))
    (if name
	(if (eq 1 (length name))
	    (setq char (string-to-char name))
	  (error "`%s': Spurious text \"%s\" after mark name"
		 name (substring name 1) viper-SpuriousText))
    (save-window-excursion
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (skip-chars-forward " \t")
      (if (looking-at "[a-z]")
	  (progn
	    (setq char (following-char))
	    (forward-char 1)
	    (skip-chars-forward " \t")
	    (if (not (looking-at "[\n|]"))
		(error "`%s': %s" ex-token viper-SpuriousText)))
	(error "`%s' requires a following letter" ex-token))))
    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (car ex-addresses))
      (point-to-register (viper-int-to-char (1+ (- char ?a)))))))

    
      
;; Alternate file is the file next to the first one in the buffer ring
(defun ex-next (cycle-other-window &optional find-alt-file)
  (catch 'ex-edit
    (let (count l)
      (if (not find-alt-file) 
	  (progn
	    (viper-get-ex-file)
	    (if (or (char-or-string-p ex-offset)
		    (and (not (string= "" ex-file)) 
		         (not (string-match "^[0-9]+$" ex-file))))
		(progn
		  (ex-edit t)
		  (throw 'ex-edit nil))
	      (setq count (string-to-int ex-file))
	      (if (= count 0) (setq count 1))
	      (if (< count 0) (error "Usage: `next <count>' (count >= 0)"))))
	(setq count 1))
      (setq l (viper-undisplayed-files))
      (while (> count 0)
	(while (and (not (null l)) (null (car l)))
	  (setq l (cdr l)))
	(setq count (1- count))
	(if (> count 0)
	    (setq l (cdr l))))
      (if find-alt-file (car l)
	(progn
	  (if (and (car l) (get-file-buffer (car l)))
	      (let* ((w (if cycle-other-window
			    (get-lru-window) (selected-window)))
		     (b (window-buffer w)))
		(set-window-buffer w (get-file-buffer (car l)))
		(bury-buffer b)
		;; this puts "next <count>" in the ex-command history
		(ex-fixup-history viper-last-ex-prompt ex-file))
	    (error "Not that many undisplayed files")))))))


(defun ex-next-related-buffer (direction &optional no-recursion)
  
  (viper-ring-rotate1 viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring direction)
  
  (let ((file-or-buffer-name 
	 (viper-current-ring-item viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring))
	(old-ring viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring)
	(old-win (selected-window))
	skip-rest buf wind)
    
    (or (and (ring-p viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring)
	     (> (ring-length viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring) 0))
	(error "This buffer has no related files or buffers"))
	
    (or (stringp file-or-buffer-name)
	(error
	 "File and buffer names must be strings, %S" file-or-buffer-name))
    
    (setq buf (cond ((get-buffer file-or-buffer-name))
		    ((file-exists-p file-or-buffer-name)
		     (find-file-noselect file-or-buffer-name))
		    ))
    
    (if (not (viper-buffer-live-p buf))
	(error "Didn't find buffer %S or file %S"
	       file-or-buffer-name
	       (viper-abbreviate-file-name
		(expand-file-name file-or-buffer-name))))
	  
    (if (equal buf (current-buffer))
	(or no-recursion
	    ;; try again
	    (progn
	      (setq skip-rest t)
	      (ex-next-related-buffer direction 'norecursion))))
	
    (if skip-rest
	()
      ;; setup buffer
      (if (setq wind (viper-get-visible-buffer-window buf))
	  ()
	(setq wind (get-lru-window (if viper-xemacs-p nil 'visible)))
	(set-window-buffer wind buf))
	    
      (if (viper-window-display-p)
	  (progn
	    (raise-frame (window-frame wind))
	    (if (equal (window-frame wind) (window-frame old-win))
		(save-window-excursion (select-window wind) (sit-for 1))
	      (select-window wind)))
	(save-window-excursion (select-window wind) (sit-for 1)))
	
      (save-excursion
	(set-buffer buf)
	(setq viper-related-files-and-buffers-ring old-ring))
      
      (setq viper-local-search-start-marker (point-marker))
      )))
  
    
;; Force auto save
(defun ex-preserve ()
  (message "Autosaving all buffers that need to be saved...")
  (do-auto-save t))

;; Ex put
(defun ex-put ()
  (let ((point (if (null ex-addresses) (point) (car ex-addresses))))
    (viper-get-ex-buffer)
    (setq viper-use-register ex-buffer)
    (goto-char point)
    (if (bobp) (viper-Put-back 1) (viper-put-back 1))))

;; Ex print working directory
(defun ex-pwd ()
  (message default-directory))

;; Ex quit command
(defun ex-quit ()
  ;; skip "!", if it is q!.  In Viper q!, w!, etc., behave as q, w, etc.
  (save-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (if (looking-at "!") (forward-char 1)))
  (if (< viper-expert-level 3)
      (save-buffers-kill-emacs)
    (kill-buffer (current-buffer))))


;; Ex read command
;; ex-read doesn't support wildcards, because file completion is a better
;; mechanism. We also don't support # and % (except in :r <shell-command>
;; because file history is a better mechanism.
(defun ex-read ()
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (let ((point (if (null ex-addresses) (point) (car ex-addresses)))
	command)
    (goto-char point)
    (viper-add-newline-at-eob-if-necessary)
    (if (not (or (bobp) (eobp))) (forward-line 1))
    (if (and (not ex-variant) (string= ex-file ""))
	(progn
	  (if (null buffer-file-name)
	      (error viper-NoFileSpecified))
	  (setq ex-file buffer-file-name)))
    (if ex-cmdfile
	(progn
	  (setq command 
		;; replace # and % with the previous/current file
		(ex-expand-filsyms (concat ex-file ex-cmdfile-args)
				   (current-buffer)))
	  (shell-command command t))
      (insert-file-contents ex-file)))
  (ex-fixup-history viper-last-ex-prompt ex-file ex-cmdfile-args))
  
;; this function fixes ex-history for some commands like ex-read, ex-edit
(defun ex-fixup-history (&rest args)  
  (setq viper-ex-history
	(cons (mapconcat 'identity args " ") (cdr viper-ex-history))))
  

;; Ex recover from emacs \#file\#
(defun ex-recover ()
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (if (or ex-append ex-offset)
      (error "`recover': %s" viper-SpuriousText))
  (if (string= ex-file "")
      (progn
	(if (null buffer-file-name)
	    (error "This buffer isn't visiting any file"))
	(setq ex-file buffer-file-name))
    (setq ex-file (expand-file-name ex-file)))
  (if (and (not (string= ex-file (buffer-file-name)))
	   (buffer-modified-p)
	   (not ex-variant))
      (error "No write since last change \(:rec! overrides\)"))
  (recover-file ex-file))

;; Tell that `rewind' is obsolete and to use `:next count' instead
(defun ex-rewind ()
  (message
   "Use `:n <count>' instead.  Counts are obtained from the `:args' command"))


;; read variable name for ex-set
(defun ex-set-read-variable ()
  (let ((minibuffer-local-completion-map
	 (copy-keymap minibuffer-local-completion-map))
	(cursor-in-echo-area t)
	str batch)
    (define-key
      minibuffer-local-completion-map " " 'minibuffer-complete-and-exit)
    (define-key minibuffer-local-completion-map "=" 'exit-minibuffer)
    (if (viper-set-unread-command-events
	 (ex-get-inline-cmd-args "[ \t]*[a-zA-Z]*[ \t]*" nil "\C-m"))
	(progn
	  (setq batch t)
	  (viper-set-unread-command-events ?\C-m)))
    (message ":set  <Variable> [= <Value>]")
    (or batch (sit-for 2))
    
    (while (string-match "^[ \\t\\n]*$"
			 (setq str
			       (completing-read ":set " ex-variable-alist)))
      (message ":set <Variable> [= <Value>]")
      ;; if there are unread events, don't wait
      (or (viper-set-unread-command-events "") (sit-for 2))
      ) ; while
    str))


(defun ex-set ()
  (let ((var (ex-set-read-variable))
	(val 0)
	(set-cmd "setq")
	(ask-if-save t)
	(auto-cmd-label "; don't touch or else...")
	(delete-turn-on-auto-fill-pattern
	 "([ \t]*add-hook[ \t]+'viper-insert-state-hook[ \t]+'turn-on-auto-fill.*)")
	actual-lisp-cmd lisp-cmd-del-pattern
	val2 orig-var)
    (setq orig-var var)
    (cond ((string= var "all")
	   (setq ask-if-save nil
		 set-cmd nil))
	  ((member var '("ai" "autoindent"))
	   (setq var "viper-auto-indent"
		 set-cmd "setq"
		 ask-if-save nil
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("ai-g" "autoindent-global"))
	   (kill-local-variable 'viper-auto-indent)
	   (setq var "viper-auto-indent"
		 set-cmd "setq-default"
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("noai" "noautoindent"))
	   (setq var "viper-auto-indent"
		 ask-if-save nil
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("noai-g" "noautoindent-global"))
	   (kill-local-variable 'viper-auto-indent)
	   (setq var "viper-auto-indent"
		 set-cmd "setq-default"
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("ic" "ignorecase"))
	   (setq var "viper-case-fold-search"
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("noic" "noignorecase"))
	   (setq var "viper-case-fold-search"
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("ma" "magic"))
	   (setq var "viper-re-search"
		 val "t"))
  	  ((member var '("noma" "nomagic"))
	   (setq var "viper-re-search"
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("ro" "readonly"))
	   (setq var "buffer-read-only"
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("noro" "noreadonly"))
	   (setq var "buffer-read-only"
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("sm" "showmatch"))
	   (setq var "blink-matching-paren"
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("nosm" "noshowmatch"))
	   (setq var "blink-matching-paren"
		 val "nil"))
	  ((member var '("ws" "wrapscan"))
	   (setq var "viper-search-wrap-around-t"
		 val "t"))
	  ((member var '("nows" "nowrapscan"))
	   (setq var "viper-search-wrap-around-t"
		 val "nil")))
    (if (and set-cmd (eq val 0)) ; value must be set by the user
	(let ((cursor-in-echo-area t))
	  (message ":set %s = <Value>" var)
	  ;; if there are unread events, don't wait
	  (or (viper-set-unread-command-events "") (sit-for 2))
	  (setq val (read-string (format ":set %s = " var)))
	  (ex-fixup-history "set" orig-var val)
	  
	  ;; check numerical values
	  (if (member var
		      '("sw" "shiftwidth"
			"ts" "tabstop"
			"ts-g" "tabstop-global"
			"wm" "wrapmargin")) 
	      (condition-case nil
		  (or (numberp (setq val2 (car (read-from-string val))))
		      (error "%s: Invalid value, numberp, %S" var val))
		(error
		 (error "%s: Invalid value, numberp, %S" var val))))
		  
	  (cond
	   ((member var '("sw" "shiftwidth"))
	    (setq var "viper-shift-width"))
	   ((member var '("ts" "tabstop"))
	    ;; make it take effect in curr buff and new bufs
	    (setq var "tab-width"
		  set-cmd "setq"
		  ask-if-save nil))
	   ((member var '("ts-g" "tabstop-global"))
	    (kill-local-variable 'tab-width)
	    (setq var "tab-width"
		  set-cmd "setq-default"))
	   ((member var '("wm" "wrapmargin"))
	    ;; make it take effect in curr buff and new bufs
	    (kill-local-variable 'fill-column) 
	    (setq var "fill-column" 
		  val (format "(- (window-width) %s)" val)
		  set-cmd "setq-default"))
	   ((member var '("sh" "shell"))
	    (setq var "explicit-shell-file-name"
		  val (format "\"%s\"" val)))))
      (ex-fixup-history "set" orig-var))
    
    (if set-cmd
	(setq actual-lisp-cmd
	      (format "\n(%s %s %s) %s" set-cmd var val auto-cmd-label)
	      lisp-cmd-del-pattern
	      (format "^\n?[ \t]*([ \t]*%s[ \t]+%s[ \t].*)[ \t]*%s"
		      set-cmd var auto-cmd-label)))
    
    (if (and ask-if-save
	     (y-or-n-p (format "Do you want to save this setting in %s "
			       viper-custom-file-name)))
	(progn
	  (viper-save-string-in-file 
	   actual-lisp-cmd viper-custom-file-name
	   ;; del pattern
	   lisp-cmd-del-pattern)
	  (if (string= var "fill-column")
	      (if (> val2 0)
		  (viper-save-string-in-file
		   (concat
		    "(add-hook 'viper-insert-state-hook 'turn-on-auto-fill) "
		    auto-cmd-label)
		   viper-custom-file-name
		   delete-turn-on-auto-fill-pattern)
		(viper-save-string-in-file
		 nil viper-custom-file-name delete-turn-on-auto-fill-pattern)
		(viper-save-string-in-file
		 nil viper-custom-file-name
		 ;; del pattern
		 lisp-cmd-del-pattern)
		))
	  ))
    
    (if set-cmd
	(message "%s %s %s"
		 set-cmd var
		 (if (string-match "^[ \t]*$" val)
		     (format "%S" val)
		   val)))
    (if actual-lisp-cmd
	(eval (car (read-from-string actual-lisp-cmd))))
    (if (string= var "fill-column")
	(if (> val2 0)
	    (auto-fill-mode 1)
	  (auto-fill-mode -1)))
    (if (string= var "all") (ex-show-vars))
    ))

;; In inline args, skip regex-forw and (optionally) chars-back.
;; Optional 3d arg is a string that should replace ' ' to prevent its
;; special meaning
(defun ex-get-inline-cmd-args (regex-forw &optional chars-back replace-str)
  (save-excursion
    (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
    (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (re-search-forward regex-forw nil t)
    (let ((beg (point))
	  end)
      (goto-char (point-max))
      (if chars-back
	  (skip-chars-backward chars-back)
	(skip-chars-backward " \t\n\C-m"))
      (setq end (point))
      ;; replace SPC with `=' to suppress the special meaning SPC has
      ;; in Ex commands
      (goto-char beg)
      (if replace-str
	  (while (re-search-forward " +" nil t)
	    (replace-match replace-str nil t)
	    (viper-forward-char-carefully)))
      (goto-char end)
      (buffer-substring beg end))))


;; Ex shell command
(defun ex-shell ()
  (shell))
  
;; Viper help.  Invokes Info
(defun ex-help ()
  (condition-case nil
      (progn
	(pop-to-buffer (get-buffer-create "*info*"))
	(info (if viper-xemacs-p "viper.info" "viper"))
	(message "Type `i' to search for a specific topic"))
    (error (beep 1)
	   (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *viper-info*"
	     (princ (format "
The Info file for Viper does not seem to be installed.

This file is part of the standard distribution of %sEmacs.
Please contact your system administrator. "
			    (if viper-xemacs-p "X" "")
			    ))))))

;; Ex source command.  Loads the file specified as argument or `~/.viper'
(defun ex-source ()
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (if (string= ex-file "")
      (load viper-custom-file-name)
    (load ex-file)))

;; Ex substitute command
;; If REPEAT use previous regexp which is ex-reg-exp or viper-s-string
(defun ex-substitute (&optional repeat r-flag) 
  (let ((opt-g nil)
	(opt-c nil)
	(matched-pos nil)
	(case-fold-search viper-case-fold-search)
	delim pat repl)
    (if repeat (setq ex-token nil) (setq delim (viper-get-ex-pat)))
    (if (null ex-token)
	(progn
	  (setq pat (if r-flag viper-s-string ex-reg-exp))
	  (or (stringp pat)
	      (error "No previous pattern to use in substitution"))
	  (setq repl ex-repl
		delim (string-to-char pat)))
      (setq pat (if (string= ex-token "") viper-s-string ex-token))
      (setq viper-s-string pat
	    ex-reg-exp pat)
      (setq delim (viper-get-ex-pat))
      (if (null ex-token)
	  (setq ex-token ""
		ex-repl "")
	(setq repl ex-token
	      ex-repl ex-token)))
    (while (viper-get-ex-opt-gc delim)
      (if (string= ex-token "g") (setq opt-g t) (setq opt-c t)))
    (viper-get-ex-count)
    (if ex-count
	(save-excursion
	  (if ex-addresses (goto-char (car ex-addresses)))
	  (set-mark (point))
	  (forward-line (1- ex-count))
	  (setq ex-addresses (cons (point) (cons (mark t) nil))))
      (if (null ex-addresses)
	  (setq ex-addresses (cons (point) (cons (point) nil)))
	(if (null (cdr ex-addresses))
	    (setq ex-addresses (cons (car ex-addresses) ex-addresses)))))
					;(setq G opt-g)
    (let ((beg (car ex-addresses))
	  (end (car (cdr ex-addresses)))
	  eol-mark)
      (save-excursion
	(viper-enlarge-region beg end)
	(let ((limit (save-excursion
		       (goto-char (max (point) (mark t)))
		       (point-marker))))
	  (goto-char (min (point) (mark t)))
	  (while (< (point) limit)
	    (save-excursion
	      (end-of-line)
	      ;; This move allows the use of newline as the last character in
	      ;; the substitution pattern
	      (viper-forward-char-carefully)
	      (setq eol-mark (point-marker)))
	    (beginning-of-line)
	    (if opt-g
		(progn
		  (while (and (not (eolp))
			      (re-search-forward pat eol-mark t))
		    (if (or (not opt-c)
			    (progn
			      (viper-put-on-search-overlay (match-beginning 0)
							   (match-end 0))
			      (y-or-n-p "Replace? ")))
			(progn
			  (viper-hide-search-overlay)
			  (setq matched-pos (point))
			  (if (not (stringp repl))
			      (error "Can't perform Ex substitution: No previous replacement pattern"))
			  (replace-match repl t))))
		  (end-of-line)
		  (viper-forward-char-carefully))
	      (if (null pat)
		  (error
		   "Can't repeat Ex substitution: No previous regular expression"))
	      (if (and (re-search-forward pat eol-mark t)
		       (or (not opt-c)
			   (progn
			     (viper-put-on-search-overlay (match-beginning 0)
							  (match-end 0))
			     (y-or-n-p "Replace? "))))
		  (progn
		    (viper-hide-search-overlay)
		    (setq matched-pos (point))
		    (if (not (stringp repl))
			(error "Can't perform Ex substitution: No previous replacement pattern"))
		    (replace-match repl t)))
	      ;;(end-of-line)
	      ;;(viper-forward-char-carefully)
	      (goto-char eol-mark)
	      )))))
    (if matched-pos (goto-char matched-pos))
    (beginning-of-line)
    (if opt-c (message "done"))))

;; Ex tag command
(defun ex-tag ()
  (let (tag)
    (save-window-excursion
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (skip-chars-forward " \t")
      (set-mark (point))
      (skip-chars-forward "^ |\t\n")
      (setq tag (buffer-substring (mark t) (point))))
    (if (not (string= tag "")) (setq ex-tag tag))
    (viper-change-state-to-emacs)
    (condition-case conds
	(progn
	  (if (string= tag "")
	      (find-tag ex-tag t)
	    (find-tag-other-window ex-tag))
	  (viper-change-state-to-vi))
      (error
       (viper-change-state-to-vi)
       (viper-message-conditions conds)))))

;; Ex write command
;; ex-write doesn't support wildcards, because file completion is a better
;; mechanism. We also don't support # and % 
;; because file history is a better mechanism.
(defun ex-write (q-flag)
  (viper-default-ex-addresses t)
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (let ((end (car ex-addresses))
	(beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))) 
	(orig-buf (current-buffer))
	;;(orig-buf-file-name (buffer-file-name))
	;;(orig-buf-name (buffer-name))
	;;(buff-changed-p (buffer-modified-p))
	temp-buf writing-same-file region
	file-exists writing-whole-file)
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (if ex-cmdfile
	(progn
	  (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
	  (shell-command-on-region (point) (mark t) 
				   (concat ex-file ex-cmdfile-args)))
      (if (and (string= ex-file "") (not (buffer-file-name)))
	  (setq ex-file
		(read-file-name
		 (format "Buffer %s isn't visiting any file.  File to save in: "
			 (buffer-name)))))
      
      (setq writing-whole-file (and (= (point-min) beg) (= (point-max) end))
	    ex-file (if (string= ex-file "")
			(buffer-file-name)
		      (expand-file-name ex-file)))
      ;; if ex-file is a directory use the file portion of the buffer file name
      (if (and (file-directory-p ex-file)
	       buffer-file-name
	       (not (file-directory-p buffer-file-name)))
	  (setq ex-file
		(concat (file-name-as-directory ex-file)
			(file-name-nondirectory buffer-file-name))))
      
      (setq file-exists (file-exists-p ex-file)
	    writing-same-file (string= ex-file (buffer-file-name)))

      ;; do actual writing
      (if (and writing-whole-file writing-same-file)
	  ;; saving whole buffer in visited file
	  (if (not (buffer-modified-p))
	      (message "(No changes need to be saved)")
	    (viper-maybe-checkout (current-buffer))
	    (save-buffer)
	    (save-restriction
		 (widen)
		 (ex-write-info file-exists ex-file (point-min) (point-max))
		 ))
	;; writing to non-visited file and it already exists
	(if (and file-exists (not writing-same-file)
		 (not (yes-or-no-p
		       (format "File %s exists.  Overwrite? " ex-file))))
	    (error "Quit"))
	;; writing a region or whole buffer to non-visited file
	(unwind-protect 
	    (save-excursion
	      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
	      (setq region (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))
	      ;; create temp buffer for the region
	      (setq temp-buf (get-buffer-create " *ex-write*"))
	      (set-buffer temp-buf)
	      (viper-cond-compile-for-xemacs-or-emacs
	       (set-visited-file-name ex-file) ; xemacs
	       (set-visited-file-name ex-file 'noquerry) ; emacs
	       )
	      (erase-buffer)
	      (if (and file-exists ex-append)
		  (insert-file-contents ex-file))
	      (goto-char (point-max))
	      (insert region)
	      ;; ask user
	      (viper-maybe-checkout (current-buffer))
	      (setq selective-display nil)
	      (save-buffer)
	      (ex-write-info
	       file-exists ex-file (point-min) (point-max))
	      )
	  ;; this must be under unwind-protect so that
	  ;; temp-buf will be deleted in case of an error
	  (set-buffer temp-buf)
	  (set-buffer-modified-p nil)
	  (kill-buffer temp-buf)
	  ;; buffer/region has been written, now take care of details
	  (set-buffer orig-buf)))
      ;; set the right file modification time
      (if (and (buffer-file-name) writing-same-file)
	  (set-visited-file-modtime))
      ;; prevent loss of data if saving part of the buffer in visited file
      (or writing-whole-file 
	  (not writing-same-file)
	  (progn
	    (sit-for 2)
	    (message "Warning: you have saved only part of the buffer!")
	    (set-buffer-modified-p t)))
      (if q-flag
	  (if (< viper-expert-level 2)
	      (save-buffers-kill-emacs)
	    (kill-buffer (current-buffer))))
      )))
	  

(defun ex-write-info (exists file-name beg end)
  (message "`%s'%s %d lines, %d characters"
	   (viper-abbreviate-file-name file-name)
	   (if exists "" " [New file]")
	   (count-lines beg (min (1+ end) (point-max)))
	   (- end beg)))

;; Ex yank command
(defun ex-yank ()
  (viper-default-ex-addresses)
  (viper-get-ex-buffer)
  (let ((end (car ex-addresses)) (beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))))
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (save-excursion
      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
      (exchange-point-and-mark)
      (if (or ex-g-flag ex-g-variant)
	  (error "Can't execute `yank' within `global'"))
      (if ex-count
	  (progn
	    (set-mark (point))
	    (forward-line (1- ex-count)))
	(set-mark end))
      (viper-enlarge-region (point) (mark t))
      (if ex-flag (error "`yank': %s" viper-SpuriousText))
      (if ex-buffer
	  (cond ((viper-valid-register ex-buffer '(Letter))
		 (viper-append-to-register
		  (downcase ex-buffer) (point) (mark t)))
		((viper-valid-register ex-buffer)
		 (copy-to-register ex-buffer (point) (mark t) nil))
		(t (error viper-InvalidRegister ex-buffer))))
      (copy-region-as-kill (point) (mark t)))))

;; Execute shell command
(defun ex-command ()
  (let (command)
    (save-window-excursion
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name)) 
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (skip-chars-forward " \t")
      (setq command (buffer-substring (point) (point-max)))
      (end-of-line))
    ;; replace # and % with the previous/current file
    (setq command (ex-expand-filsyms command (current-buffer)))
    (if (and (> (length command) 0) (string= "!" (substring command 0 1)))
	(if viper-ex-last-shell-com
	    (setq command
		  (concat viper-ex-last-shell-com (substring command 1)))
	  (error "No previous shell command")))
    (setq viper-ex-last-shell-com command)
    (if (null ex-addresses)
	(shell-command command)
      (let ((end (car ex-addresses)) (beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))))
	(if (null beg) (setq beg end))
	(save-excursion
	  (goto-char beg)
	  (set-mark end)
	  (viper-enlarge-region (point) (mark t))
	  (shell-command-on-region (point) (mark t) command t))
	(goto-char beg)))))

(defun ex-compile ()
  "Reads args from the command line, then runs make with the args.
If no args are given, then it runs the last compile command.
Type 'mak ' (including the space) to run make with no args."
  (let (args)
    (save-window-excursion
      (setq viper-ex-work-buf (get-buffer-create viper-ex-work-buf-name))
      (set-buffer viper-ex-work-buf)
      (setq args (buffer-substring (point) (point-max)))
      (end-of-line))
    ;; Remove the newline that may (will?) be at the end of the args
    (if (string= "\n" (substring args (1- (length args))))
	(setq args (substring args 0 (1- (length args)))))
    ;; Run last command if no args given, else construct a new command.
    (setq args
	  (if (string= "" args)
	      (if (boundp 'compile-command)
		  compile-command
		ex-compile-command)
	    (concat ex-compile-command " " args)))
    (compile args)
    ))

;; Print line number
(defun ex-line-no ()
  (message "%d"
	   (1+ (count-lines
		(point-min)
		(if (null ex-addresses) (point-max) (car ex-addresses))))))

;; Give information on the file visited by the current buffer
(defun viper-info-on-file ()
  (interactive)
  (let ((pos1 (viper-line-pos 'start))
	(pos2 (viper-line-pos 'end))
	lines file info)
    (setq lines (count-lines (point-min) (viper-line-pos 'end))
	  file (if (buffer-file-name)
		   (concat (viper-abbreviate-file-name (buffer-file-name)) ":")
		 (concat (buffer-name) " [Not visiting any file]:"))
	  info (format "line=%d/%d pos=%d/%d col=%d %s"
		       (if (= pos1 pos2)
			   (1+ lines)
			 lines)
		       (count-lines (point-min) (point-max))
		       (point) (1- (point-max))
		       (1+ (current-column))
		       (if (buffer-modified-p) "[Modified]" "[Unchanged]")))
    (if (< (+ 1 (length info) (length file))
	   (window-width (minibuffer-window)))
	(message (concat file " " info))
      (save-window-excursion
	(with-output-to-temp-buffer " *viper-info*"
	  (princ (concat "\n" file "\n\n\t" info "\n\n")))
	(let ((inhibit-quit t))
	  (viper-set-unread-command-events (viper-read-event)))
	(kill-buffer " *viper-info*")))
    ))


;; Without arguments displays info on file. With an arg, sets the visited file
;; name to that arg
(defun ex-set-visited-file-name ()
  (viper-get-ex-file)
  (if (string= ex-file "")
      (viper-info-on-file)
    ;; If ex-file is a directory, use the file portion of the buffer
    ;; file name (like ex-write).  Do this even if ex-file is a
    ;; non-existent directory, since set-visited-file-name signals an
    ;; error on this condition, too.
    (if (and (string= (file-name-nondirectory ex-file) "")
	     buffer-file-name
	     (not (file-directory-p buffer-file-name)))
	(setq ex-file (concat (file-name-as-directory ex-file)
			      (file-name-nondirectory buffer-file-name))))
    (set-visited-file-name ex-file)))


;; display all variables set through :set
(defun ex-show-vars ()
  (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *viper-info*"
    (princ (if viper-auto-indent
	       "autoindent (local)\n" "noautoindent (local)\n"))
    (princ (if (default-value 'viper-auto-indent) 
	       "autoindent (global) \n" "noautoindent (global) \n"))
    (princ (if viper-case-fold-search "ignorecase\n" "noignorecase\n"))
    (princ (if viper-re-search "magic\n" "nomagic\n"))
    (princ (if buffer-read-only "readonly\n" "noreadonly\n"))
    (princ (if blink-matching-paren "showmatch\n" "noshowmatch\n"))
    (princ (if viper-search-wrap-around-t "wrapscan\n" "nowrapscan\n"))
    (princ (format "shiftwidth \t\t= %S\n" viper-shift-width))
    (princ (format "tabstop (local) \t= %S\n" tab-width))
    (princ (format "tabstop (global) \t= %S\n" (default-value 'tab-width)))
    (princ (format "wrapmargin (local) \t= %S\n"
		   (- (window-width) fill-column)))
    (princ (format "wrapmargin (global) \t= %S\n"
		   (- (window-width) (default-value 'fill-column))))
    (princ (format "shell \t\t\t= %S\n" (if (boundp 'explicit-shell-file-name)
					    explicit-shell-file-name
					  'none)))
    ))

(defun ex-print ()
  (viper-default-ex-addresses)
  (let ((end (car ex-addresses))
	(beg (car (cdr ex-addresses))))
    (if (> beg end) (error viper-FirstAddrExceedsSecond))
    (save-excursion
      (viper-enlarge-region beg end)
      (if (or ex-g-flag ex-g-variant)
	  ;; When executing a global command, collect output of each
	  ;; print in viper-ex-print-buf.
	  (progn
	    (append-to-buffer viper-ex-print-buf (point) (mark t))
	    ;; Is this the last mark for the global command?
	    (unless (cdr ex-g-marks)
	      (with-current-buffer viper-ex-print-buf
		(ex-print-display-lines (buffer-string))
		(erase-buffer))))
	(ex-print-display-lines (buffer-substring (point) (mark t)))))))

(defun ex-print-display-lines (lines)
  (cond
   ;; String doesn't contain a newline.
   ((not (string-match "\n" lines))
    (message "%s" lines))
   ;; String contains only one newline at the end.  Strip it off.
   ((= (string-match "\n" lines) (1- (length lines)))
    (message "%s" (substring lines 0 -1)))
   ;; String spans more than one line.  Use a temporary buffer.
   (t
    (save-current-buffer
      (with-output-to-temp-buffer " *viper-info*"
	(princ lines))))))





;;; viper-ex.el ends here
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
Tip: Use ↑ and ↓ arrow keys to navigate and return to view the file.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Ctrl+j (next) and Ctrl+k (previous) and view the file with Ctrl+o.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Alt+j (next) and Alt+k (previous) and view the file with Alt+o.