Source

xemacs-beta / man / vhdl-mode.texi

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\input texinfo   @c -*- texinfo -*-

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment %**start of header (This is for running Texinfo on a region)
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@setfilename  vhdl-mode.info
@settitle     VHDL-MODE Version 2 Documentation
@footnotestyle end

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment @setchapternewpage odd !! we don't want blank pages !!
@comment %**end of header (This is for running Texinfo on a region)
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment 
@comment texinfo manual for @file{vhdl-mode.el} version 2
@comment manual version: 2.1
@comment adapted from the cc-mode texinfo manual by Barry A. Warsaw
@comment <bwarsaw@cnri.reston.va.us>
@comment 
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment The following line inserts the copyright notice 
@comment into the Info file.
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@ifinfo
Copyright @copyright{} 1995 Rodney J. Whitby
@end ifinfo

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment !!!The titlepage section does not appear in the Info file.!!!
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@titlepage
@sp 10


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment The title is printed in a large font.
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@center @titlefont{VHDL-MODE Version 2}
@sp 2
@center A GNU Emacs mode for editing VHDL code.
@center (manual revision: 2.1)
@sp 2
@center Rod Whitby
@center @code{rwhitby@asc.corp.mot.com}


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment  The following two commands start the copyright page
@comment  for the printed manual.  This will not appear in the Info file.
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@page
@vskip 0pt plus 1filll
Copyright @copyright{} 1995 Rodney J. Whitby
@end titlepage


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment The Top node contains the master menu for the Info file.
@comment This appears only in the Info file, not the printed manual.
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@node    Top,       Introduction, (dir),    (dir)
@comment node-name, next,          previous, up


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@menu
* Introduction::                
* Getting Connected::           
* New Indentation Engine::
* Customizing Indentation::
* Syntactic Symbols::
* Indentation Commands::
* Frequently Asked Questions::
* Getting the latest vhdl-mode release::
* Sample .emacs File::
* Requirements::                
* Limitations and Known Bugs::  
* Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports::  
* Concept Index::               
* Command Index::               Command Index
* Key Index::                   Key Index
* Variable Index::              Variable Index
@end menu

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@node     Introduction, Getting Connected, Top,      Top
@comment  node-name,    next,            previous, up
@chapter  Introduction
@cindex   Introduction

Welcome to @code{vhdl-mode}, version 2.  This is a GNU Emacs mode for
editing files containing VHDL code.  

This manual will describe the following:

@itemize @bullet
@item
How to get started using @code{vhdl-mode}.

@item
How the new indentation engine works.

@item
How to customize the new indentation engine.

@end itemize

@findex vhdl-version
The major version number was incremented to 2 with the addition of the
new indentation engine. To find the minor revision number of this
release, use @kbd{M-x vhdl-version RET}.

A special word of thanks goes to Barry Warsaw, who wrote the
@code{cc-mode} indentation engine that formed the basis of the
@code{vhdl-mode} indentation engine.  This manual is also based upon the
manual for @code{cc-mode}.


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@node     Getting Connected, New Indentation Engine, Introduction,      Top
@comment  node-name,       next,                   previous,          up
@chapter  Getting Connected
@cindex   Getting Connected

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@file{vhdl-mode.el} works well with the 3 main branches of Emacs 19:
XEmacs, Win-Emacs (which has the same heritage as XEmacs) and the Emacs
19 maintained by the FSF.  FSF's Emacs 19 users will want to use Emacs
version 19.21 or better, Win-Emacs users will want 1.35 or better, and
XEmacs users will want 19.6 or better.  Earlier versions of these
Emacsen have deficiencies and/or bugs which will adversely affect the
performance and usability of @code{vhdl-mode}.

@cindex .emacs file
The first thing you will want to do is put @file{vhdl-mode.el} somewhere
on your @code{load-path} so Emacs can find it.  Do a @kbd{C-h v
load-path RET} to see all the directories Emacs looks at when loading a
file.  If none of these directories are appropriate, create a new
directory and add it to your @code{load-path}:

@noindent
@emph{[in the shell]}
@example
@group

% cd
% mkdir mylisp
% mv vhdl-mode.el mylisp
% cd mylisp

@end group
@end example

@noindent
@emph{[in your .emacs file add]}
@example

(setq load-path (cons "~/mylisp" load-path))

@end example

@cindex byte compile
Next you want to @dfn{byte compile} @file{vhdl-mode.el}.  The mode uses a
lot of macros so if you don't byte compile it, things will be unbearably
slow.  @emph{You can ignore all byte-compiler warnings!}  They are the
result of the supporting different versions of Emacs, and none of the
warnings have any effect on operation. Let me say this again:
@strong{You really can ignore all byte-compiler warnings!}

Here's what to do to byte-compile the file [in emacs]:
@example

M-x byte-compile-file RET ~/mylisp/vhdl-mode.el RET

@end example

Now add the following autoloads to your @file{.emacs} file so that
@code{vhdl-mode} gets loaded at the right time:
@example

(autoload 'vhdl-mode "vhdl-mode" "VHDL Editing Mode" t)

@end example

Alternatively, if you want to make sure @code{vhdl-mode} is loaded when
Emacs starts up, you could use this line instead of the autoload above:
@example

(require 'vhdl-mode)

@end example

Next, you will want to set up Emacs so that it edits VHDL files in
@code{vhdl-mode}. All users should add the following to their
@file{.emacs} file.  Note that this assumes you'll be editing @code{.vhd}
and files as VHDL. YMMV:
@example
@group

(setq auto-mode-alist
  (append
    '(("\\.vhd$" . vhdl-mode)
     ) auto-mode-alist))

@end group
@end example

That's all you need -- I know, I know, it sounds like a lot @code{:-)},
but after you've done all this, you should only need to quit and restart
Emacs.  The next time you visit a VHDL file you should be using
@code{vhdl-mode}.  You can check this easily by hitting @kbd{M-x
vhdl-version RET} in the @code{vhdl-mode} buffer.  You should see this
message in the echo area:
@example

Using @code{vhdl-mode} version 2.@var{XXX}

@end example

@noindent
where @var{XXX} will be some minor revision number.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@node     New Indentation Engine, Indentation Commands, Getting Connected, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  New Indentation Engine
@cindex   New Indentation Engine

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@code{vhdl-mode} has a new indentation engine, providing a simplified, yet
flexible and general mechanism for customizing indentation. It breaks
indentation calculation into two steps. First for the line of code being
indented, @code{vhdl-mode} analyzes what kind of language construct it's
looking at, then it applies user defined offsets to the current line
based on this analysis.

This section will briefly cover how indentation is calculated in
@code{vhdl-mode}. It is important to understand the indentation model
being used so that you will know how to customize @code{vhdl-mode} for
your personal coding style.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@menu
* Syntactic Analysis::       Step 1 -- Syntactic Analysis
* Indentation Calculation::  Step 2 -- Indentation Calculation
@end menu
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Syntactic Analysis, Indentation Calculation, , New Indentation Engine
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up
@section  Syntactic Analysis
@cindex   Syntactic Analysis
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-offsets-alist
@vindex offsets-alist (vhdl-)
@cindex relative buffer position
@cindex syntactic symbol
@cindex syntactic component
@cindex syntactic component list
@cindex relative buffer position
The first thing @code{vhdl-mode} does when indenting a line of code, is
to analyze the line, determining the @dfn{syntactic component list} of
the construct on that line.  A @dfn{syntactic component} consists of a
pair of information (in lisp parlance, a @emph{cons cell}), where the
first part is a @dfn{syntactic symbol}, and the second part is a
@dfn{relative buffer position}.  Syntactic symbols describe elements of
VHDL code, e.g. @code{statement}, @code{comment}, @code{block-open},
@code{block-close}, etc.  @xref{Syntactic Symbols}, for a complete list
of currently recognized syntactic symbols and their semantics.  Also,
the variable @code{vhdl-offsets-alist} contains the list of currently
supported syntactic symbols.

Conceptually, a line of VHDL code is always indented relative to the
indentation of some line higher up in the buffer.  This is represented
by the relative buffer position in the syntactic component.

It might help to see an example. Suppose we had the following code as
the only thing in a @code{vhdl-mode} buffer @footnote{The line numbers
in this and future examples don't actually appear in the buffer.}:
@example
@group

  1: inverter : process
  2: begin
  3:   q <= not d;
  4:   wait on d;
  5: end inverter;

@end group
@end example

@kindex C-c C-s
@findex vhdl-show-syntactic-information
@findex show-syntactic-information (vhdl-)
We can use the command @kbd{C-c C-s}
(@code{vhdl-show-syntactic-information}) to simply report what the
syntactic analysis is for the current line.  Running this command on
line 4 of example 1, we'd see in the echo area:
@example

((statement . 28))

@end example

This tells us that the line is a statement and it is indented relative
to buffer position 28, which happens to be the @samp{q} on line 3.  If
you were to move point to line 3 and hit @kbd{C-c C-s}, you would see:
@example

((statement-block-intro . 20))

@end example

This indicates that line 3 is the first statement in a block, and is
indented relative to buffer position 20, which is the @samp{b} in the
@code{begin} keyword on line 2.

@cindex comment only line
Syntactic component lists can contain more than one component, and
individual syntactic compenents need not have relative buffer positions.
The most common example of this is a line that contains a @dfn{comment
only line}.
@example
@group

%%% TBD %%%

@end group
@end example

@noindent
Hitting @kbd{C-c C-s} on line 3 of the example gives us:
@example

((comment-intro) (block-intro . 46))

@end example

@noindent
so you can see that the syntactic component list contains two syntactic
components.  Also notice that the first component,
@samp{(comment-intro)} has no relative buffer position.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Indentation Calculation, , Syntactic Analysis, New Indentation Engine
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up
@section  Indentation Calculation
@cindex   Indentation Calculation
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-offsets-alist
@vindex offsets-alist (vhdl-)
Indentation for the current line is calculated using the syntactic
component list derived in step 1 above (see @ref{Syntactic
Analysis}).  Each component contributes to the final total indentation
of the line in two ways.

First, the syntactic symbols are looked up in the @code{vhdl-offsets-alist}
variable, which is an association list of syntactic symbols and the
offsets to apply for those symbols.  These offsets are added to the
running total.

Second, if the component has a relative buffer position, @code{vhdl-mode}
adds the column number of that position to the running total.  By adding
up the offsets and columns for every syntactic component on the list,
the final total indentation for the current line is computed.

Let's use our code example above to see how this works.  Here is our
example again.
@example
@group

  1: inverter : process
  2: begin
  3:   q <= not d;
  4:   wait on d;
  5: end inverter;

@end group
@end example

@kindex TAB
Let's say point is on line 3 and we hit the @key{TAB} key to re-indent
the line.  Remember that the syntactic component list for that
line is:
@example

((statement-block-intro . 20))

@end example

@noindent
@code{vhdl-mode} looks up @code{statement-block-intro} in the
@code{vhdl-offsets-alist} variable.  Let's say it finds the value @samp{2};
it adds this to the running total (initialized to zero), yielding a
running total indentation of 2 spaces.

Next @code{vhdl-mode} goes to buffer position 20 and asks for the
current column.  Since the @code{begin} keyword at buffer position 20 is
in column zero, it adds @samp{0} to the running total.  Since there is
only one syntactic component on the list for this line, indentation
calculation is complete, and the total indentation for the line is 2
spaces.
Simple, huh?

Actually, the mode usually just does The Right Thing without you having
to think about it in this much detail.  But when customizing
indentation, it's helpful to understand the general indentation model
being used.

@vindex vhdl-echo-syntactic-information-p
@vindex echo-syntactic-information-p (vhdl-)
@cindex TAB
To help you configure @code{vhdl-mode}, you can set the variable
@code{vhdl-echo-syntactic-information-p} to non-@code{nil} so that the
syntactic component list and calculated offset will always be echoed in
the minibuffer when you hit @kbd{TAB}.


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Indentation Commands, Customizing Indentation, New Indentation Engine, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Indentation Commands
@cindex   Indentation Commands
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@strong{<TBD>}

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Customizing Indentation, Syntactic Symbols, Indentation Commands, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Customizing Indentation
@cindex   Customizing Indentation
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@cindex vhdl-set-offset
@cindex set-offset (vhdl-)
The @code{vhdl-offsets-alist} variable is where you customize all your
indentations.  You simply need to decide what additional offset you want
to add for every syntactic symbol.  You can use the command @kbd{C-c
C-o} (@code{vhdl-set-offset}) as the way to set offsets, both
interactively and from your mode hook.  Also, you can set up
@emph{styles} of indentation.  Most likely, you'll find one of the
pre-defined styles will suit your needs, but if not, this section will
describe how to set up basic editing configurations.  @xref{Styles} for
an explanation of how to set up named styles.

@cindex vhdl-basic-offset
@cindex basic-offset (vhdl-)
As mentioned previously, the variable @code{vhdl-offsets-alist} is an
association list between syntactic symbols and the offsets to be applied
for those symbols.  In fact, these offset values can be an integer, a
function or variable name, or one of the following symbols: @code{+},
@code{-}, @code{++}, @code{--}, @code{*}, or @code{/}.  The symbol
values have the following meanings:

@itemize @bullet

@item
@code{+}  --  1 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}
@item
@code{-}  --  -1 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}
@item
@code{++} --  2 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}
@item
@code{--} --  -2 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}
@item
@code{*}  --  0.5 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}
@item
@code{/}  --  -0.5 x @code{vhdl-basic-offset}

@end itemize

@noindent
So, for example, because most of the default offsets are defined in
terms of @code{+}, @code{-}, and @code{0}, if you like the general
indentation style, but you use 2 spaces instead of 4 spaces per level,
you can probably achieve your style just by changing
@code{vhdl-basic-offset} like so (in your @file{.emacs} file):
@example

(setq vhdl-basic-offset 2)

@end example

To change indentation styles more radically, you will want to change the
value associated with the syntactic symbols in the
@code{vhdl-offsets-alist} variable.  First, I'll show you how to do that
interactively, then I'll describe how to make changes to your
@file{.emacs} file so that your changes are more permanent.

@menu
* Interactive Customization::
* Permanent Customization::
* Styles::
* Advanced Customizations::
@end menu

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Interactive Customization, Permanent Customization, , Customizing Indentation
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@section  Interactive Customization
@cindex   Interactive Customization
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

As an example of how to customize indentation, let's change the
style of the example above from:
@example
@group

  1: inverter : process
  2: begin
  3:   q <= not d;
  4:   wait on d;
  5: end inverter;

@end group
@end example
@noindent
to:
@example
@group

  1: inverter : process
  2: begin
  3:     q <= not d;
  4:     wait on d;
  5: end inverter;

@end group
@end example

In other words, we want to change the indentation of the statments
inside the inverter process.  Notice that the construct we want to
change starts on line 3.  To change the indentation of a line, we need
to see which syntactic component affect the offset calculations for that
line.  Hitting @kbd{C-c C-s} on line 3 yields:
@example

((statement-block-intro . 20))

@end example

@findex vhdl-set-offset
@findex set-offset (vhdl-)
@kindex C-c C-o
@noindent
So we know that to change the offset of the first signal assignment, we need to
change the indentation for the @code{statement-block-intro} syntactic
symbol.  To do this interactively, just hit @kbd{C-c C-o}
(@code{vhdl-set-offset}).  This prompts you for the syntactic symbol to
change, providing a reasonable default.  In this case, the default is
@code{statement-block-intro}, which is just the syntactic symbol we want to
change!

After you hit return, @code{vhdl-mode} will then prompt you for the new
offset value, with the old value as the default.  The default in this
case is @samp{+}, so hit backspace to delete the @samp{+}, then hit
@samp{++} and @kbd{RET}.  This will associate an offset of twice the
basic indent with the syntactic symbol @code{statement-block-intro} in
the @code{vhdl-offsets-alist} variable.

@findex vhdl-indent-defun
@findex indent-defun (vhdl-)
@kindex C-c C-q
To check your changes quickly, just hit @kbd{C-c C-q}
(@code{vhdl-indent-defun}) to reindent the entire function.  The example
should now look like:
@example
@group

  1: inverter : process
  2: begin
  3:     q <= not d;
  4:     wait on d;
  5: end inverter;

@end group
@end example

Notice how just changing the offset on line 3 is all we needed to do.
Since the other affected lines are indented relative to line 3, they are
automatically indented the way you'd expect.  For more complicated
examples, this may not always work.  The general approach to take is to
always start adjusting offsets for lines higher up in the file, then
re-indent and see if any following lines need further adjustments.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Permanent Customization, Styles, Interactive Customization, Customizing Indentation
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@section  Permanent Indentation
@cindex   Permanent Indentation
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-mode-hook
@cindex hooks
To make this change permanent, you need to add some lisp code to your
@file{.emacs} file.  @code{vhdl-mode} provides a @code{vhdl-mode-hook}
that you can use to customize your language editing styles.  This hook
gets run as the last thing when you enter @code{vhdl-mode}.

Here's a simplified example of what you can add to your @file{.emacs}
file to make the changes described in the previous section
(@ref{Interactive Customization}) more permanent.  See the Emacs
manuals for more information on customizing Emacs via hooks.
@xref{Sample .emacs File} for a more complete sample @file{.emacs} file.
@footnote{The use of @code{add-hook} in this example only works for
Emacs 19.  Workarounds are available if you are using Emacs 18, but this
just points out another reason for you to upgrade to Emacs 19!
@code{:-)}}
@example
@group

(defun my-vhdl-mode-hook ()
  ;; my customizations for all of vhdl-mode
  (vhdl-set-offset 'statement-block-intro '++)
  ;; other customizations can go here
  )
(add-hook 'vhdl-mode-hook 'my-vhdl-mode-hook)

@end group
@end example

For complex customizations, you will probably want to set up a
@emph{style} that groups all your customizations under a single
name. @xref{Styles} for details.

The offset value can also be a function, and this is how power users
gain enormous flexibility in customizing indentation. @xref{Advanced
Customizations} for details.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Styles, Advanced Customizations, Permanent Customization, Customizing Indentation
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@section  Styles
@cindex   Styles
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Most people only need to edit code formatted in just a few well-defined
and consistent styles.  For example, their organization might impose a
``blessed'' style that all its programmers must conform to.  Similarly,
people who work on GNU software will have to use the GNU coding style on
C code.  Some shops are more lenient, allowing some variety of coding
styles, and as programmers come and go, there could be a number of
styles in use.  For this reason, @code{vhdl-mode} makes it convenient for
you to set up logical groupings of customizations called @dfn{styles},
associate a single name for any particular style, and pretty easily
start editing new or existing code using these styles.  This chapter
describes how to set up styles and how to edit your C code using styles.

@menu
* Built-in Styles::
* Adding Styles::
* File Styles::
@end menu


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Built-in Styles, Adding Styles, , Styles
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@subsection  Built-in Styles
@cindex   Built-in Styles
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

If you're lucky, one of @code{vhdl-mode}'s built-in styles might be just
what you're looking for.  Some of the most common VHDL styles are
already built-in.  These include:

@itemize @bullet
@item
@cindex IEEE style
@code{GNU} -- the coding style in the IEEE Language Reference Manual.

@end itemize

@findex vhdl-set-style
@findex set-style (vhdl-)
If you'd like to experiment with these built-in styles you can simply
type the following in a @code{vhdl-mode} buffer:
@example
@group

@kbd{M-x vhdl-set-style RET}.

@end group
@end example
@noindent
You will be prompted for one of the above styles (with completion).
Enter one of the styles and hit @kbd{RET}.  Note however that setting a
style in this way does @emph{not} automatically re-indent your file.
For commands that you can use to view the effect of your changes, see
@ref{Indentation Commands}.

Once you find a built-in style you like, you can make the change
permanent by adding a call to your @file{.emacs} file.  Let's say for
example that you want to use the @code{IEEE} style in all your
files.  You would add this:
@example
@group

(defun my-vhdl-mode-hook ()
  ;; use IEEE style for all VHDL code
  (vhdl-set-style "IEEE")
  ;; other customizations can go here
  )
(add-hook 'vhdl-mode-hook 'my-vhdl-mode-hook)

@end group
@end example

@noindent
@xref{Permanent Customization}.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Adding Styles, File Styles, Built-in Styles, Styles
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@subsection  Adding Styles
@cindex   Adding Styles
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-style-alist
@vindex style-alist (vhdl-)
@findex vhdl-add-style
@findex add-style (vhdl-)
If none of the built-in styles is appropriate, you'll probably want to
add a new style definition.  Styles are kept in the @code{vhdl-style-alist}
variable, but you probably won't want to modify this variable directly.
@code{vhdl-mode} provides a function, called @code{vhdl-add-style}, that you
can use to easily add new styles or update existing styles.  This
function takes two arguments, a @var{stylename} string, and an
association list @var{description} of style customizations.  If
@var{stylename} is not already in @code{vhdl-style-alist}, the new style is
added, otherwise the style already associated with @var{stylename} is
changed to the new @var{description}.  This function also takes an
optional third argument, which if non-@code{nil}, automatically
institutes the new style in the current buffer.

The sample @file{.emacs} file provides a concrete example of how a new
style can be added and automatically set.  @xref{Sample .emacs File}.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     File Styles, ,  Adding Styles, Styles
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@subsection  File Styles
@cindex   File Styles
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@cindex local variables
The Emacs manual describes how you can customize certain variables on a
per-file basis by including a @dfn{Local Variable} block at the end of
the file.  So far, you've only seen a functional interface to
@code{vhdl-mode}, which is highly inconvenient for use in a Local Variable
block.  @code{vhdl-mode} provides two variables that make it easier for
you to customize your style on a per-file basis.

@vindex vhdl-file-style
@vindex file-style (vhdl-)
@vindex vhdl-file-offsets
@vindex file-offsets (vhdl-)

The variable @code{vhdl-file-style} can be set to a style name string as
described in @ref{Built-in Styles}.  When the file is visited,
@code{vhdl-mode} will automatically set the file's style to this style
using @code{vhdl-set-style}.

@vindex vhdl-offsets-alist
@vindex offsets-alist (vhdl-)
@findex vhdl-set-offset
@findex set-offset (vhdl-)
Another variable, @code{vhdl-file-offsets}, takes an association list
similar to what is allowed in @code{vhdl-offsets-alist}.  When the file is
visited, @code{vhdl-mode} will automatically institute these offets using
@code{vhdl-set-offset}.  @xref{Customizing Indentation}.

Note that file style settings (i.e. @code{vhdl-file-style}) are applied
before file offset settings (i.e. @code{vhdl-file-offsets}).


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Advanced Customizations, , Styles, Customizing Indentation
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@section  Advanced Customizations
@cindex   Advanced Customizations
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-style-alist
@vindex style-alist (vhdl-)
@vindex vhdl-basic-offset
@vindex basic-offset (vhdl-)
For most users, @code{vhdl-mode} will support their coding styles with
very little need for customizations.  Usually, one of the standard
styles defined in @code{vhdl-style-alist} will do the trick.  Sometimes,
one of the syntactic symbol offsets will need to be tweeked slightly, or
perhaps @code{vhdl-basic-offset} will need to be changed.  However, some
styles require a more advanced ability for customization, and one of the
real strengths of @code{vhdl-mode} is that the syntactic analysis model
provides a very flexible framework for customizing indentation. This
allows you to perform special indentation calculations for situations
not handled by the mode directly.

@menu
* Custom Indentation Functions::
* Other Special Indentations::
@end menu

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Custom Indentation Functions, Other Special Indentations, , Advanced Customizations
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@subsection  Custom Indentation Functions
@cindex   Custom Indentation Functions
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@cindex custom indentation functions
One of the most common ways to customize @code{vhdl-mode} is by writing
@dfn{custom indentation functions} and associating them with specific
syntactic symbols (see @ref{Syntactic Symbols}).  @code{vhdl-mode} itself
uses custom indentation functions to provide more sophisticated
indentation, for example when lining up selected signal assignments:
@example
@group

%%% TBD %%%

@end group
@end example

In this example, the @code{statement-cont} syntactic symbol has an
offset of @code{+}, and @code{vhdl-basic-offset} is 2, so lines 4
through 6 are simply indented two spaces to the right of line 3.  But
perhaps we'd like @code{vhdl-mode} to be a little more intelligent so
that it offsets the waveform descriptions relative to the signal
assignment operator in line 3.  To do this, we have to write a custom
indentation function which finds the column of signal assignment
operator on the first line of the statement.  Here is the lisp code
(from the @file{vhdl-mode.el} source file) that implements this:
@example
@group

(defun vhdl-lineup-statement-cont (langelem)
  ;; line up statement-cont after the assignment operator
  (save-excursion
    (let* ((relpos (cdr langelem))
	   (assignp (save-excursion
		     (goto-char (vhdl-point 'boi))
		     (and (re-search-forward "\\(<\\|:\\)="
					     (vhdl-point 'eol) t)
			  (- (point) (vhdl-point 'boi)))))
	   (curcol (progn
		     (goto-char relpos)
		     (current-column)))
	   foundp)
      (while (and (not foundp)
		  (< (point) (vhdl-point 'eol)))
	(re-search-forward "\\(<\\|:\\)=\\|(" (vhdl-point 'eol) 'move)
	(if (vhdl-in-literal (cdr langelem))
	    (forward-char)
	  (if (= (preceding-char) ?\()
	      ;; skip over any parenthesized expressions
	      (goto-char (min (vhdl-point 'eol)
			      (scan-lists (point) 1 1)))
	    ;; found an assignment operator (not at eol)
	    (setq foundp (not (looking-at "\\s-*$"))))))
      (if (not foundp)
	  ;; there's no assignment operator on the line
	  vhdl-basic-offset
	;; calculate indentation column after assign and ws, unless
	;; our line contains an assignment operator
	(if (not assignp)
	    (progn
	      (forward-char)
	      (skip-chars-forward " \t")
	      (setq assignp 0)))
	(- (current-column) assignp curcol))
      )))

@end group
@end example
@noindent
Custom indent functions take a single argument, which is a syntactic
component cons cell (see @ref{Syntactic Analysis}).  The
function returns an integer offset value that will be added to the
running total indentation for the lne.  Note that what actually gets
returned is the difference between the column that the signal assignment
operator is on, and the column of the buffer relative position passed in
the function's argument.  Remember that @code{vhdl-mode} automatically
adds in the column of the component's relative buffer position and we
don't want that value added into the final total twice.

@cindex statement-cont syntactic symbol
@findex vhdl-lineup-statement-cont
@findex lineup-statement-cont (vhdl-)
Now, to associate the function @code{vhdl-lineup-statement-cont} with the
@code{statement-cont} syntactic symbol, we can add something like the
following to our @code{vhdl-mode-hook}:
@example

(vhdl-set-offset 'statement-cont 'vhdl-lineup-statement-cont)

@end example

@kindex C-c C-q
Now the function looks like this after re-indenting (using @kbd{C-c
C-q}):
@example
@group

%%% TBD %%%

@end group
@end example

@vindex vhdl-offsets-alist
@vindex offsets-alist (vhdl-)
Custom indentation functions can be as simple or as complex as you like,
and any syntactic symbol that appears in @code{vhdl-offsets-alist} can have
a custom indentation function associated with it.  Note however that
using many custom indentation functions may have a performance impact on
@code{vhdl-mode}.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node     Other Special Indentations, , Custom Indentation Functions, Advanced Customizations
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@subsection  Other Special Indentations
@cindex   Other Special Indentations
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-special-indent-hook
@vindex special-indent-hook (vhdl-)
One other variable is available for you to customize @code{vhdl-mode}:
@code{vhdl-special-indent-hook}.  This is a standard hook variable that
is called after every line is indented by @code{vhdl-mode}.  You can use
it to do any special indentation or line adjustments your style
dictates, such as adding extra indentation to the port map clause in a
component instantiation, etc.  Note however, that you should not change
@code{point} or @code{mark} inside your @code{vhdl-special-indent-hook}
functions.


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Syntactic Symbols, Frequently Asked Questions, Customizing Indentation, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Syntactic Symbols
@cindex   Syntactic Symbols
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@vindex vhdl-offsets-alist
The complete list of recognized syntactic symbols is described in the
@code{vhdl-offsets-alist} variable.  This chapter will provide some
examples to help clarify these symbols.

@cindex -open syntactic symbols
@cindex -close syntactic symbols
Most syntactic symbol names follow a general naming convention.  When a
line begins with a @code{begin} or @code{end} keyword, the syntactic
symbol will contain the suffix @code{-open} or @code{-close}
respectively.

@cindex -intro syntactic symbols
@cindex -cont syntactic symbols
@cindex -block-intro syntactic symbols
Usually, a distinction is made between the first line that introduces a
construct and lines that continue a construct, and the syntactic symbols
that represent these lines will contain the suffix @code{-intro} or
@code{-cont} respectively.  As a sub-classification of this scheme, a
line which is the first of a particular block construct will contain the
suffix @code{-block-intro}.

@strong{<TBD> include the name and a brief example of every syntactic
symbol currently recognized}

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Frequently Asked Questions, Getting the latest vhdl-mode release, Syntactic Symbols, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Frequently Asked Questions
@cindex   Frequently Asked Questions
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@kindex C-x h
@kindex ESC C-\
@kindex C-c C-q
@kindex ESC C-q
@kindex ESC C-u
@kindex RET
@kindex LFD
@findex newline-and-indent
@quotation

@strong{Q.} @emph{How do I re-indent the whole file?}

@strong{A.} Visit the file and hit @kbd{C-x h} to mark the whole
buffer. Then hit @kbd{@key{ESC} C-\} to re-indent the entire region
which you've just marked.
@sp 2

@strong{Q.} @emph{How do I re-indent the entire function?}

@strong{A.} Hit @kbd{@key{ESC} C-h} to mark the entire function. Then
hit @kbd{@key{ESC} C-\} to re-indent the entire region which you've just
marked.
@sp 2

@strong{Q.} @emph{How do I re-indent the current block?}

@strong{A.} First move to the brace which opens the block with
@kbd{@key{ESC} C-u}, then re-indent that expression with
@kbd{@key{ESC} C-q}.
@sp 2

@strong{Q.} @emph{How do I re-indent the current statement?}

@strong{A.} First move to the beginning of the statement with
@kbd{@key{ESC} a}, then re-indent that expression with @kbd{@key{ESC}
C-q}.
@sp 2

@strong{Q.} @emph{Why doesn't the @key{RET} key indent the line to
where the new text should go after inserting the newline?}

@strong{A.} Emacs' convention is that @key{RET} just adds a newline,
and that @key{LFD} adds a newline and indents it.  You can make
@key{RET} do this too by adding this to your
@code{vhdl-mode-hook} (see the sample @file{.emacs} file
@ref{Sample .emacs File}):
@example

(define-key vhdl-mode-map "\C-m" 'newline-and-indent)

@end example

This is a very common question. @code{:-)} If you want this to be the
default behavior, don't lobby me, lobby RMS!
@sp 2

@strong{Q.} @emph{I put @code{(vhdl-set-offset 'statement-cont 0)}
in my @file{.emacs} file but I get an error saying that
@code{vhdl-set-offset}'s function definition is void.}

@strong{A.} This means that @code{vhdl-mode} wasn't loaded into your
Emacs session by the time the @code{vhdl-set-offset} call was reached,
mostly likely because @code{vhdl-mode} is being autoloaded.  Instead
of putting the @code{vhdl-set-offset} line in your top-level
@file{.emacs} file, put it in your @code{vhdl-mode-hook}, or
simply add the following to the top of your @file{.emacs} file:
@example

(require 'vhdl-mode)

@end example

See the sample @file{.emacs} file @ref{Sample .emacs File} for
details.

@end quotation


@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Getting the latest vhdl-mode release, Sample .emacs File, Frequently Asked Questions, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Getting the latest @code{vhdl-mode} release
@cindex   Getting the latest @code{vhdl-mode} release
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

The best way to be sure you always have the latest @code{vhdl-mode}
release is to join the @code{vhdl-mode-announce} mailing list.  If you
are a brave soul, and wish to participate in beta testing of new
releases of @code{vhdl-mode}, you may also join the
@code{vhdl-mode-victims} mailing list.  Send email to the author to join
either of these lists.

The canonical anonymous FTP URL for @code{vhdl-mode} is
@code{ftp://ftp.eda.com.au/pub/emacs/vhdl-mode.tar.gz}.  Special thanks
to Ken Wood <ken@@eda.com.au> for providing an FTP repository for
@code{vhdl-mode}.

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Sample .emacs File, Requirements, Getting the latest vhdl-mode release, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up

@chapter  Sample @file{.emacs} file
@cindex   Sample @file{.emacs} file
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@example
;; Here's a sample .emacs file that might help you along the way.  Just
;; copy this region and paste it into your .emacs file.  You may want to
;; change some of the actual values.

(defconst my-vhdl-style
  '((vhdl-tab-always-indent        . t)
    (vhdl-comment-only-line-offset . 4)
    (vhdl-offsets-alist            . ((arglist-close    . vhdl-lineup-arglist)
                                      (statement-cont   . 0)
                                      (case-alternative . 4)
                                      (block-open       . 0)))
    (vhdl-echo-syntactic-information-p . t)
    )
  "My VHDL Programming Style")

;; Customizations for vhdl-mode
(defun my-vhdl-mode-hook ()
  ;; add my personal style and set it for the current buffer
  (vhdl-add-style "PERSONAL" my-vhdl-style t)
  ;; offset customizations not in my-vhdl-style
  (vhdl-set-offset 'statement-case-intro '++)
  ;; other customizations
  (setq tab-width 8
        ;; this will make sure spaces are used instead of tabs
        indent-tabs-mode nil)
  ;; keybindings for VHDL are put in vhdl-mode-map
  (define-key vhdl-mode-map "\C-m" 'newline-and-indent)
  )

;; the following only works in Emacs 19
;; Emacs 18ers can use (setq vhdl-mode-hook 'my-vhdl-mode-hook)
(add-hook 'vhdl-mode-hook 'my-vhdl-mode-hook)
@end example

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Requirements, Limitations and Known Bugs, Sample .emacs File, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up
@chapter  Requirements
@cindex   Requirements
@comment * Requirements
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@cindex reporter.el
@file{vhdl-mode.el} requires @file{reporter.el} for submission of bug
reports.  @file{reporter.el} is distributed with the latest FSF and
XEmacs 19's.  Here is the Emacs Lisp Archive anonymous ftp'ing
record for those of you who are using older Emacsen.

@comment * Here's the Emacs Lisp Archive information for @file{reporter.el}:
@example

         GNU Emacs Lisp Code Directory Apropos -- "reporter"
"~/" refers to archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/gnu/emacs/elisp-archive/

reporter (2.12)       06-Jul-1994
     Barry A. Warsaw, <bwarsaw@@cen.com>
     ~/misc/reporter.el.Z
     Customizable bug reporting of lisp programs.

@end example

@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node  Limitations and Known Bugs, Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports, Requirements, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up
@chapter  Limitations and Known Bugs
@cindex   Limitations and Known Bugs
@comment * Limitations and Known Bugs
@comment !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@itemize @bullet
@item
Re-indenting large regions or expressions can be slow.

@item
Use with Emacs 18 can be slow and annoying. You should seriously
consider upgrading to Emacs 19.

@end itemize

@node  Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports, Concept Index, Limitations and Known Bugs, Top
@comment  node-name,              next,                    previous,up
@chapter  Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports
@cindex   Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports
@comment * Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports

@kindex C-c C-b
@findex vhdl-submit-bug-report
@findex submit-bug-report (vhdl-)
@cindex beta testers mailing list
@cindex announcement mailing list
To report bugs, use the @kbd{C-c C-b} (@code{vhdl-submit-bug-report})
command.  This provides vital information I need to reproduce your
problem.  Make sure you include a concise, but complete code example.
Please try to boil your example down to just the essential code needed
to reproduce the problem, and include an exact recipe of steps needed to
expose the bug.  Be especially sure to include any code that appears
@emph{before} your bug example.

For other help or suggestions, send a message to
@code{rwhitby@@asc.corp.mot.com}.

Send an add message to @code{rwhitby@@asc.corp.mot.com} to get on the
@code{vhdl-mode-victims} beta testers list where beta releases of
@code{vhdl-mode} are posted.  Note that you shouldn't expect beta
releases to be as stable as public releases.

There is also an announce only list where the latest public releases of
@code{vhdl-mode} are posted.  Send an add message to
@code{rwhitby@@asc.corp.mot.com} to be added to this list.

@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node    Concept Index, Command Index,  Mailing Lists and Submitting Bug Reports, Top
@comment node-name,    next,  previous,      up
@unnumbered Concept Index
@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@printindex cp


@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node    Command Index, Key Index,  Concept Index, Top
@comment node-name,    next,  previous,      up
@unnumbered Command Index
@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@ifinfo

@end ifinfo
Since all @code{vhdl-mode} commands are prepended with the string
@samp{vhdl-}, each appears under its @code{vhdl-<thing>} name and its
@code{<thing> (vhdl-)} name.
@iftex
@sp 2
@end iftex
@printindex fn


@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node    Key Index, Variable Index,  Command Index, Top
@comment node-name,    next,  previous,      up
@unnumbered Key Index
@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@printindex ky


@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
@node    Variable Index,    ,  Key Index, Top
@comment node-name,    next,  previous,      up
@unnumbered Variable Index
@c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@ifinfo

@end ifinfo
Since all @code{vhdl-mode} variables are prepended with the string
@samp{vhdl-}, each appears under its @code{vhdl-<thing>} name and its
@code{<thing> (vhdl-)} name.
@iftex
@sp 2
@end iftex
@printindex vr
@summarycontents
@contents
@bye
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