Source

xemacs-beta / etc / NEWS

Full commit
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
-*- mode:outline -*-

* Introduction
==============

This file presents some general information about XEmacs.  It is
primarily about the changes in recent XEmacs versions and its release
history.

Use `C-c C-f' to move to the next equal level of outline, and
`C-c C-b' to move to previous equal level.  `C-h m' will give more
info about the Outline mode.  Many commands are also available through
the menubar.

Users who would like to know which capabilities have been introduced
in each release should look at the appropriate section of this file.
Starting with version 20.0, XEmacs includes ChangeLogs, which can be
consulted for a more detailed list of changes.

Users interested in some of the details of how XEmacs differs from GNU
Emacs should read the section "What's Different?" near the end of this
file.

    N.B.  The term "GNU Emacs" refers to any release of Emacs Version
    19 from the Free Software Foundation's GNU Project.  (We do not
    say just "Emacs" as Richard M. Stallman ["RMS"] prefers, because
    it is clearly a more generic term.)  The term "XEmacs" refers to
    this program or to its predecessors "Era" and "Lucid Emacs".  The
    predecessor of all these program is called "Emacs 18".  When no
    particular version is implied, "Emacs" will be used.


* Changes in XEmacs 21.2
========================

** `delete-key-deletes-forward' now defaults to t.

`delete-key-deletes-forward' is the variable that regulates the
behaviour of the delete key on the systems that offer both a backspace
and a delete key.  If set to nil, the key labeled "Delete" will delete
backward.  If set to non-nil, the "Delete" key will delete forward,
except on keyboards where a "Backspace" key is not provided.

Unless our implementation has bugs, the only reason why you would want
to set `delete-key-deletes-forward' to nil is if you want to use the
Delete key to delete backwards, despite the presence (according to
Xlib) of a BackSpace key on the keyboard.

** Interactive searching and matching case improvements.

Case sensitiveness in searching operations is normally controlled by
the variable `case-fold-search' (if non-nil, case is ignored while
searching).  This mechanism has now been slightly improved for
interactive searches: if the search string (or regexp) contains
uppercase characters, the searching is forced to be case-sensitive,
`case-fold-search'.

The new behavior affects all functions performing interactive
searches, like `zap-to-char', `list-matching-lines', `tags-search'
etc.  The incremental search facility has always behaved that way.

** The rectangle functions have been almost completely rewritten in
order to avoid inserting undesirable spaces, notably at the end of
lines.  Two typical examples of the old behavior were
`string-rectangle', which filled all lines up to the right side of the
rectangle, and `clear-rectangle', which filled even empty lines up to
the left side.  All functions have been rewritten to avoid inserting
unwanted spaces, and an optional prefix now allows them to behave the
old way.

As a side effect, the FORCE argument to `move-to-column' now
understands the special value `coerce', which means that the line
should not be filled if it is too short to reach the desired column.

** Incremental search will now highlight all visible matches, making
it easier to anticipate where consecutive C-s or C-r will place the
point.  If you want to disable the feature, set
`isearch-highlight-all-matches' to nil.

** You can now customize and save comments for faces and variables.
In Custom buffers, a new menu entry allows you to add and edit a
comment.  Comments for variables can also be assigned by calling
`customize-set-(value|variable)' with a prefix argument.

** XEmacs now locates the early package hierarchies at
~/.xemacs/mule-packages/ and ~/.xemacs/xemacs-packages/.  Previously,
the early packages were located in ~/.xemacs/.

** You can now create "indirect buffers", like in GNU Emacs.  An
indirect buffer shares its text with another buffer ("base buffer"),
but has its own major mode, local variables, extents, and narrowing.
An indirect buffer has a name of its own, distinct from those of the
base buffer and all other buffers.  An indirect buffer cannot itself
be visiting a file (though its base buffer can be).  The base buffer
cannot itself be indirect.

Use (make-indirect-buffer BASE-BUFFER NAME) to make an indirect buffer
named NAME whose base is BASE-BUFFER.  If BASE-BUFFER is itself an
indirect buffer, its base buffer is used as the base for the new
buffer.

You can make an indirect buffer current, or switch to it in a window,
just as you would a non-indirect buffer.

The function `buffer-base-buffer' returns a buffer's base buffer or
nil, if given an ordinary (non-indirect) buffer.  The function
`buffer-indirect-children' returns a list of the indirect children of
a base buffer.

** User names following the tilde character can now be completed at
file name prompts; e.g. `C-x C-f ~hni<TAB>' will complete to
`~hniksic/'.  To make this operation faster, a cache of user names is
maintained internally.

The new primitives available for this purpose are functions named
`user-name-completion' and `user-name-all-completions'.

** XEmacs can now play sound using Enlightenment Sound Daemon (ESD).
It will try NAS first, then ESD, then playing native sound directly.

** X-Face support is now available under MS-Windows.
If an X-Face libary built under MS-Windows is available then XEmacs
will use this at build time.

** The font-menu is now available under MS-Windows.

** MS-Windows support for selection is now much more robust.

Generally selection should now do what you would expect under
MS-Windows: the middle mouse button will paste your current selection
or the clipboard; conversions from different types of selection to the
clipboard can be made; the kill-ring and friends will be updated as
per X.

The only thing selection doesn't do is set the clipboard automatically
as this would break the MS-Windows model.  If you want this behaviour
then set `selection-sets-clipboard' to t

** New command-line switches -user-init-file and -user-init-directory.
These can be used to specify alternate locations for what is normally
~/.emacs and ~/.xemacs.

Moreover, -user <user> (which used to only work in unpredictable ways)
is now equivalent to
-user-init-file ~<user>/.emacs -user-init-directory ~<user>/.xemacs.

** Etags changes.

*** In DOS, etags looks for file.cgz if it cannot find file.c.

*** New option --ignore-case-regex is an alternative to --regex.  It is now
possible to bind a regexp to a language, by prepending the regexp with
{lang}, where lang is one of the languages that `etags --help' prints out.
This feature is useful especially for regex files, where each line contains
a regular expression.  The manual contains details.

*** In C and derived languages, etags creates tags for function
declarations when given the --declarations option.

*** In C++, tags are created for "operator".  The tags have the form
"operator+", without spaces between the keyword and the operator.

*** New language Ada: tags are functions, procedures, packages, tasks, and
types.

*** In Fortran, procedure is no more tagged.

*** In Java, tags are created for "interface".

*** In Lisp, "(defstruct (foo", "(defun (operator" and similar constructs
are now tagged.

*** In Perl, the --globals option tags global variables.  my and local
variables are tagged.

*** New language Python: def and class at the beginning of a line are tags.

*** .ss files are Scheme files, .pdb is Postscript with C syntax, .psw is
for PSWrap.


* Lisp and internal changes in XEmacs 21.2
==========================================

** A new portable dumper is available.

Olivier Galibert has written a portable dumper for XEmacs, based on
initial work by Kyle Jones.  Normally, XEmacs C sources link into an
executable called `temacs', which loads the Lisp code and "unexecs"
into a proper `xemacs' executable.  The unexec() process is unreliable
and makes XEmacs hard to port to new operating systems, or even to new
releases of old systems.

A portable dumper is a different approach to dumping: instead of
dumping full-fledged executable, it only dumps out the initialized
data structures (both Lisp and C) into an external file.  A normally
running XEmacs only needs to mmap() that file and relocate a bit to
get to the initialized data.  In that scheme, there is no difference
between `temacs' and `xemacs'.

This is all very experimental, though.  Configure with `--pdump' to
try testing it.  NOTE: it is expected that `make' will fail after
dumping `xemacs.dmp'.  This is because Makefiles have not yet been
modified to not expect `temacs' producing an `xemacs' executable.  You
can try it out by simply running `src/temacs'.  If it starts without
failure, the portable dumping worked.

** Much effort has been invested to make XEmacs Lisp faster:

*** Many basic lisp operations are now faster.
This is especially the case when running a Mule-enabled XEmacs.

A general overhaul of the lisp engine should produce a speedup of 1.4
in a Latin-1 XEmacs, and 2.1 in a Mule XEmacs.  These numbers were
obtained running `(byte-compile "simple.el")', which should be a
pretty typical test of "pure" Lisp.

*** Lisp hash tables have been re-implemented.  The Common Lisp style
hash table interface has been made standard, and moved from cl.el into
fast C code (See the section on hash tables in the XEmacs Lisp
Reference).  A speedup factor of 3 can be expected with code that
makes intensive use of hash tables.

*** The garbage collector has been tuned, leading to a speedup of
1.16.

*** The family of functions that iterate over lists, like `memq', and
`rassq', have been made a little faster (typically 1.3).

*** Lisp function calls are faster, by approximately a factor of two.
However, defining inline functions (via defsubst) still makes sense
for tight loops.

*** Finally, a few functions have had dramatic performance
improvements.  For example, `(last long-list)' is now 30 times faster.

Of course, your mileage will vary.

Many operations do not see any improvement.  Surprisingly, running
(font-lock-fontify-buffer) does not use the Lisp engine much at all.
Speeding up your favorite slow operation is an excellent project to
improve XEmacs.  Don't forget to profile!

** Native widgets can be displayed in buffers.

The glyph system has been extended to allow the display of glyphs that
are implemented as native window-system widgets.  Thus you can embed
buttons, scrollbars, combo boxes, edit fields and progress gauges in a
buffer.  As a side effect subwindow support now works once again.

All of this is still very experimental.  This support is currently
only available under MS-Windows.  (#### Is this true?)

** user-init-directory is now an absolute, unexpanded path.
Previously, `user-init-directory' used to be relative to
(concat "~" init-file-user).  This turned out to be too complicated
for most packages (and some core Lisp files) to use correctly.

Also, `init-file-user' has been obsoleted in the process.

** XEmacs finally has an automated test suite!
Although this is not yet very sophisticated, it is already responsible
for several important bug fixes in XEmacs.  To try it out, simply use
the makefile target `make check' after building XEmacs.

** Hash tables have been reimplemented.
As was pointed out above, the standard interface to hash tables is now
the Common Lisp interface, as described in Common Lisp, the Language
(CLtL2, by Steele).  The older interface (functions with names
containing the phrase `hashtable') will continue to work, but the
preferred interface now has names containing the phrase `hash-table'.

Here's the executive overview: create hash tables using
make-hash-table, and use gethash, puthash, remhash, maphash and
clrhash to manipulate entries in the hash table.  See the (updated)
Lisp Reference Manual for details.

** Lisp code handles circular lists much more robustly.
Many basic lisp functions used to loop forever when given a circular
list, expecting you to C-g (quit) out of the loop.  Now this is more
likely to trigger a `circular-list' error.  Printing a circular list
now results in something like this:

    (let ((x (cons 'foo 'foo)))
      (setcdr x x)
      x)
      => (foo ... <circular list>)

An extra bonus is that checking for circularities is not just
friendlier, but actually faster than checking for C-g.

** Functions for decoding base64 encoding are now available; see
`base64-encode-region', `base64-encode-string', `base64-decode-region'
and `base64-decode-string'.

** The arguments to `locate-file' are now more Lisp-like.  As before,
the usage is:

    (locate-file FILENAME PATH-LIST &optional SUFFIXES MODE)

Except that SUFFIXES are now a list of strings instead of a single,
colon-separated string.  MODE is now a symbol or a list of symbols
(symbols `exists', `executable', `writable', and `readable' are
supported) instead of an integer code.  See the documentation for
details.  Of course, the old form is still accepted for backward
compatibility.

Several bugs in locate-file have been fixed, most notably its failure
to call expand-file-name on elements of PATH-LIST.  Because of that
elements of load-path of the form "~/..." used to not work.
locate-file is now guaranteed to expand files during its course of
operation.

** `translate-region' has been improved in several ways.  Its TABLE
argument used to be a 256-character string.  In addition to this, it
can now also be a vector or a char-table, which makes the function
useful for Mule, which it wasn't.  If TABLE a vector or a generic
char-table, you can map characters to strings instead of to other
characters.  For instance:

    (let ((table (make-char-table 'generic)))
      (put-char-table ?a "the letter a" table)
      (put-char-table ?b "" table)
      (put-char-table ?c ?\n table)
      (translate-region (point-min) (point-max) table))

** The new form `ignore-file-errors', similar to `ignore-errors' may
be used as a short-hand for condition-case when you wish to ignore
file-related error.  For example:

    (ignore-file-errors (delete-file "foo"))

** The first argument to `intern-soft' may now also be a symbol, like
with `unintern'.  If given a symbol, `intern-soft' will look for that
exact symbol rather than for any string.  This is useful when you want
to check whether a specific symbol is interned in an obarray, e.g.:

    (intern "foo")
    (intern-soft "foo")
      => foo
    (intern-soft (make-symbol "foo"))
      => nil

** The `keywordp' function now returns non-nil only on symbols
interned in the global obarray.  For example:

    (keywordp (intern ":foo" [0]))
      => nil
    (keywordp (intern ":foo"))       ; The same as (keywordp :foo)
      => t

This behaviour is compatible with other code which treats symbols
beginning with colon as keywords only if they are interned in the
global obarray.  `keywordp' used to wrongly return t in both cases
above.


* Changes in XEmacs 21.0
========================

** XEmacs has been unbundled into constituent installable packages.
See the Info documentation under "Packages" for more information.
See the file `etc/PACKAGES' in the distribution for a partial list of
packages available at the time of the 21.0 release.

** XEmacs is now supported under Microsoft Windows 95/98 and Windows
NT operating systems.  For starters, look at the XEmacs on Windows FAQ
at <URL:http://jagor.srce.hr/~hniksic/xemacs-on-windows-faq.txt>.  To
discuss Windows-specific issues, subscribe to the mailing list at
<xemacs-nt-request@xemacs.org>.

** XEmacs will now use `XEmacs' as its application class if it finds
any `XEmacs' resources in the resource database.  Otherwise, it will
continue to use the `Emacs' class.

** The options menu has been ported to Custom.
This means that each entry in the options menu acts as if you had customized
the corresponding variable by hand.  ### WARNING: there is currently no
upgrading function to help you port your old options settings to the new
format. Consequently, if you want to modify the options for XEmacs 21, you
will have to set them all again through the menu, and remove the code loading
.xemacs-options from your .emacs.

** When the Zmacs region is active, `M-x query-replace' and the other
replace commands now operate on the region contents only.

** XEmacs now is able to choose X visuals and use private colormaps.
The '-visual <visualStr>' command line option or the '.EmacsVisual'
Xresource controls which visual XEmacs will use, and
'-privateColormap' or '.privateColormap' will force XEmacs to create a
private colormap for use.  The syntax for the visual string is
"<visual><bitdepth>" where <visual> is one of 'StaticColor',
'TrueColor', 'GrayScale', 'PseudoColor' or 'DirectColor' and
<bitdepth> is the appropriate number of bits per pixel.  If an invalid
or non-supported combination is entered, XEmacs attempts to find a happy
medium.  The X creation mechanism will then determine if it needs to
create a colormap for use, or the presence of the private flags will
force it to create it.

** The `imenu' package has been ported to XEmacs and is available as a
package.

** `echo-keystrokes' can now be a floating-point number, so that you
can set it to intervals shorter than one second.

   (setq echo-keystrokes 0.1)

** The new command `center-to-window-line' works like `recenter'
(bound to `C-l'), only it does not redisplay the whole display area.

** The M-. command will now first search through exact tags matches,
and then through inexact matches, as one would expect.

** The new variable `user-full-name' can be used to customize one's
name when using the Emacs mail and news reading facilities.

Normally, `user-full-name' is a function that returns the full name of
a user or UID, as specified by the system -- for instance,
(user-full-name "root") returns something like "Super-User".  However,
when the function is called without arguments, it will return the
value of the `user-full-name' variable.  The `user-full-name' variable
is initialized using the environment variable NAME and (failing that)
the user's system name.

The behavior of the `user-full-name' function with an argument
specified is unchanged.

** The new command `M-x customize-changed-options' lets you customize
all the options whose default values have changed in recent Emacs
versions.  You specify a previous Emacs version number as argument,
and the command creates a customization buffer showing all the
customizable options whose default values were changed since that
version.

If you don't specify a particular version number argument, then the
customization buffer shows all the customizable options for which
Emacs versions of changes are recorded.

** The new command `add-log-convert' can be used to convert the
old-style (pre-20.3) ChangeLog buffers to new style, for
consistency.  A reminder: if you wish to revert to old-style
ChangeLogs instead, customize the value of `add-log-time-format'
variable.

** The new command `zap-up-to-char' is now available.  It is similar
to `zap-to-char', except that it does not delete the searched-for
character.  It is not bound to a key by default.

** You can now store a number into a register with `C-u NUMBER C-x r n'
REG, increment it by INC with `C-u INC C-x r + REG' (to increment by
one, omit C-u INC), and insert it in the buffer with `C-x r g REG'.
This is useful for writing keyboard macros.

** The M-: command, when given a prefix argument, will now insert its
result to the current buffer.

** The `C-h c' command, when given a prefix argument, will now insert
the message into the current buffer.

** Horizontally split windows may now be dragged using the mouse.
Because of this, the dividers between vertical windows are always
visible.  To turn it off, set `vertical-divider-always-visible-p' to
nil.

** XEmacs/Mule (internationalization) changes.

*** Mule support now works on TTY's.  Use `set-terminal-coding-system'
and `set-keyboard-coding-system' to specify the coding system of your
display and keyboard.

*** Egg/SJ3 input method is now officially supported.  Quail and
Egg/Skk have been available through the generalized Leim since 20.3.

*** Localized Japanese menubars are available if XEmacs is built with
XFONTSET and either the X11 libraries are built with X_LOCALE defined
or the native C libraries support Japanese localization.  This has
been available since 20.3, only it hasn't been announced before.

** Jamie Zawinski's `gdb-highlight' extension is now distributed with
the `debug' package.  gdb-highlight makes most objects printed in a
gdb buffer be mouse-sensitive: as text shows up in the buffer, it is
parsed, and objects which are recognized have context-sensitive
commands attached to them.  To use it, add the following to `.emacs':

  (add-hook 'gdb-mode-hook (lambda () (require 'gdb-highlight)))

** The package popper.el is now included in the edit-utils package.
It has been greatly enhanced with respect to the one once included
with the ilisp package and should work well under XEmacs 21.0.

** Gnuserv changes

*** Like the old 'gnudoit' program. Gnuclient -batch now can read from stdin.

*** Gnuclient -batch no longer breaks off the output at the first LF.

** C mode changes

*** Multiline macros are now handled, both as they affect indentation,
and as recognized syntax.  New syntactic symbol cpp-macro-cont is
assigned to second and subsequent lines of a multiline macro
definition.

*** A new style "user" which captures all non-hook-ified
(i.e. top-level) .emacs file variable setings and customizations.
Style "cc-mode" is an alias for "user" and is deprecated.  "gnu" style
is still the default however.

*** "java" style now conforms to Sun's JDK coding style.

*** There are new commands c-beginning-of-defun, c-end-of-defun which
are alternatives which you could bind to C-M-a and C-M-e if you prefer
them.  They do not have key bindings by default.

*** New and improved implementations of M-a (c-beginning-of-statement)
and M-e (c-end-of-statement).

*** C++ namespace blocks are supported, with new syntactic symbols
namespace-open, namespace-close, and innamespace.

*** File local variable settings of c-file-style and c-file-offsets
makes the style variables local to that buffer only.

*** New indentation functions c-lineup-close-paren,
c-indent-one-line-block, c-lineup-dont-change.

*** Improvements (hopefully!) to the way CC Mode is loaded.  You
should now be able to do a (require 'cc-mode) to get the entire
package loaded properly for customization in your .emacs file.  A new
variable c-initialize-on-load controls this and is t by default.

** In Text mode, now only blank lines separate paragraphs.
This makes it possible to get the full benefit of Adaptive Fill mode
in Text mode, and other modes derived from it (such as Mail mode).
TAB in Text mode now runs the command indent-relative; this makes a
practical difference only when you use indented paragraphs.

As a result, the old Indented Text mode is now identical to Text mode,
and is an alias for it.

If you want spaces at the beginning of a line to start a paragraph,
use the new mode, Paragraph Indent Text mode.

** Changes to Gnus, the XEmacs newsreader.

*** New functionality for using Gnus as an offline newsreader has been
added.  A plethora of new commands and modes have been added.  See the
Gnus manual for the full story.

*** The nndraft backend has returned, but works differently than
before.  All Message buffers are now also articles in the nndraft
group, which is created automatically.

*** `gnus-alter-header-function' can now be used to alter header
values.

*** `gnus-summary-goto-article' now accept Message-ID's.

*** A new Message command for deleting text in the body of a message
outside the region: `C-c C-v'.

*** You can now post to component group in nnvirtual groups with
`C-u C-c C-c'.

*** `nntp-rlogin-program' -- new variable to ease customization.

*** `C-u C-c C-c' in `gnus-article-edit-mode' will now inhibit
re-highlighting of the article buffer.

*** New element in `gnus-boring-article-headers' -- `long-to'.

*** `M-i' symbolic prefix command.  See the section "Symbolic
Prefixes" in the Gnus manual for details.

*** `L' and `I' in the summary buffer now take the symbolic prefix
`a' to add the score rule to the "all.SCORE" file.

*** `gnus-simplify-subject-functions' variable to allow greater
control over simplification.

*** `A T' -- new command for fetching the current thread.

*** `/ T' -- new command for including the current thread in the
limit.

*** `M-RET' is a new Message command for breaking cited text.

*** \\1-expressions are now valid in `nnmail-split-methods'.

*** The `custom-face-lookup' function has been removed.
If you used this function in your initialization files, you must
rewrite them to use `face-spec-set' instead.

*** Cancelling now uses the current select method.  Symbolic prefix
`a' forces normal posting method.

*** New command to translate M******** sm*rtq**t*s into proper text
-- `W d'.

*** For easier debugging of nntp, you can set `nntp-record-commands'
to a non-nil value.

*** nntp now uses ~/.authinfo, a .netrc-like file, for controlling
where and how to send AUTHINFO to NNTP servers.

*** A command for editing group parameters from the summary buffer
has been added.

*** A history of where mails have been split is available.

*** A new article date command has been added -- `article-date-iso8601'.

*** Subjects can be simplified when threading by setting
`gnus-score-thread-simplify'.

*** A new function for citing in Message has been added --
`message-cite-original-without-signature'.

*** `article-strip-all-blank-lines' -- new article command.

*** A new Message command to kill to the end of the article has
been added.

*** A minimum adaptive score can be specified by using the
`gnus-adaptive-word-minimum' variable.

*** The "lapsed date" article header can be kept continually
updated by the `gnus-start-date-timer' command.

*** Web listserv archives can be read with the nnlistserv backend.

*** Old dejanews archives can now be read by nnweb.

*** Byte-compilation of user-specs now works under XEmacs.

** The `dir' files are no longer essential for functioning of the Info
subsystem.  If the `dir' file does not exist in an Info directory, the
relevant information will be generated on-the-fly.

This behavior can be customized, look for `Info-auto-generate-directory'
and `Info-save-auto-generated-dir' in the `info' customization group.


* Lisp and internal changes in XEmacs 21.0
==========================================

** It is now possible to build XEmacs with support for 31-bit Lisp
integers (normally, Lisp integers are only 28 bits wide on 32-bit
machines.)  Configure with --use-minimal-tagbits to test.  With this
change, the maximum buffer size on 32-bit machines is increased from
128M to 1G.  This setting will be made default in a future XEmacs
version.

** Specifier changes.

*** When instantiating a specifier, the window locale now has a higher
precedence than the buffer locale.  This is because the window locale
is more specific than the buffer locale.

*** The new macro `let-specifier' can be used to temporarily add
specifications to specifiers.  See the documentation for details.

*** The new specifiers `vertical-scrollbar-visible-p' and
`horizontal-scrollbar-visible-p' may be used to control scrollbar
visibility.  Previously, the only way to remove a scrollbar was to set
its size to 0.  This method is still supported for backward
compatibility.

*** The new specifiers `scrollbar-on-left-p' and `scrollbar-on-top-p'
may be used to control the position of the vertical and horizontal
toolbar.  Previously, their position could be changed only through the
use of X resources.

*** The new draggable vertical dividers between windows may be turned
off using the `vertical-divider-always-visible-p' specifier.  When
this is set to nil, the vertical dividers between windows are shown
only when needed, and they are not draggable.

Other properties of the vertical dividers may be controlled using
`vertical-divider-shadow-thickness', `vertical-divider-line-width' and
`vertical-divider-spacing' specifiers, which see.

** Frame focus management changes.

*** When the variable focus-follows-mouse is non-nil, `select-frame'
no longer permanently selects a different frame.  The frame selection
is temporary and is reverted when the current command terminates, much
like the buffer selected by `set-buffer'.  This is the same as in FSF
Emacs.

*** The new function `focus-frame' sets the window system focus to
FRAME (and selects it), regardless of the value of
`focus-follows-mouse'.  Doing this is not well behaved, so be
absolutely sure that you want this.

The code that uses `select-frame' only to get the window manager focus
should be changed to use `set-frame-focus' instead, so that they keep
working when `focus-follows-mouse' is non-nil.

*** The special forms `save-selected-frame' and `with-selected-frame'
can now be used to temporarily change selected frame.

*** The behavior of `other-frame' command (`C-x 5 o') is unaffected by
these changes.

** The function `select-window' now has an optional second argument
NORECORD which if non-nil inhibits the recording of a buffer change.

** The function `vertical-motion' now correctly handles the second,
optional WINDOW argument.  A new third argument PIXELS, if non-nil,
indicates that the returned motion should be in pixels.

** The new function `vertical-motion-pixels' is similar to
vertical-motion but takes as input a vertical motion in pixels.

** The new functions window-text-area-pixel-{width,height,edges} can
be used to obtain information about the text-displaying area of a
window.

** The new functions `shrink-window-pixels' and `enlarge-window-pixels'
can be used to adjust the size of a window by a pixel amount.

** The new function `window-displayed-text-pixel-height' can be used
to determine the height of the text actually displayed in a window.

** The arithmetic comparison functions <, >, =, /= now accept a
variable number of arguments.

This means that if you want to test whether A < B < C, you can write
it as (< A B C) instead of (and (< A B) (< B C)).  Likewise,
(apply #'> LIST) now tests if LIST is monotonously increasing -- and
so on.

** The XEmacs hashtables now have a consistent read/print syntax.
This means that a hashtable will be readably printed in a
structure-like form:

   #s(hashtable size 2 data (key1 value1 key2 value2))

When XEmacs reads this form, it will create a new hashtable according
to description.  This allows you to easily dump hashtables to files
using `prin1', and read them back in using `read'.

If `print-readably' is non-nil, a more relaxed syntax is used; for
instance:

   #<hashtable size 2/13 data (key1 value1 key2 value2) 0x874d>

** It is now possible to build XEmacs with LDAP support.
You will need to install a LDAP library first.  The following have
been tested:
  - LDAP 3.3 from the University of Michigan
    (get it from <URL:http://www.umich.edu/~dirsvcs/ldap/>)
  - OpenLDAP 1.0.3 from the OpenLDAP Foundation
    (get it from <URL:http://www.openldap.org/>)
  - LDAP SDK 1.0 from Netscape Corp.
    (get it from <URL:http://developer.netscape.com/>)

** When profiling is in effect, a call-count of all recorded functions
is now calculated.  This information is stored in
`call-count-profile-table', and is utilized by `profile-results' as
well as the new command `profile-call-count-results'.

** It is now an error to change the value of a symbol whose name
starts with a colon, if it is interned in the standard obarray.

However, setting such a symbol to its proper value, which is that
symbol itself, is not an error.  This is for the sake of programs that
support pre-19.12 XEmacs and pre-20 GNU Emacs by explicitly setting
these variables to themselves.

** The `concat' function no longer accepts integer arguments.

** The new function `string' concatenates all its argument characters
and returns the resulting string.  This is consistent with other
functions, like `list', `vector', etc.

** The function `temp-directory' is now available to return the
directory to store temporary files.  On Unix this will be obtained
from TMPDIR, defaulting to `/tmp'.

** The function load-average now accepts an optional argument
USE-FLOATS.  If it is non-nil, the load average values are returned as
floating point numbers, rather than as integers to be divided by 100.

** The `make-event' function now supports the TYPE and PLIST
arguments, which can be used to create various events from Lisp.  See
the documentation for details.

** `function-interactive' is a new function that returns the
interactive specification of a funcallable object.

** The new `lmessage' function allows printing of a formatted message
with a particular label.

   (lmessage 'progress "Processing... %d" counter)

This function is more convenient than `display-message' because it
automatically applies `format' to its arguments.

** The new `lwarn' function, analogous to `lmessage', allows printing
a formatted warning, with a non-default CLASS or LABEL.

** The new function `split-path' can now be used to explode the
components of a colon-separated search path into a list.

   (split-path "foo:bar")
     => ("foo" "bar")

** Specifiers and symbols whose value is a specifier are now allowed
as modeline specifications.

** defcustom now accepts the keyword `:version'.  Use this to specify
in which version of Emacs a certain variable's default value changed.
For example,

   (defcustom foo-max 34 "*Maximum number of foo's allowed."
     :type 'integer
     :group 'foo
     :version "21.0")

This information is used to control the customize-changed-options
command.

** The line number tracking in modeline is now efficient, even for
very large buffers.  This is achieved by caching the line numbers of
recent buffer positions, and reusing them.  This cache is used only in
the buffers where `line-number-mode' is in effect.

** When the new GNU Malloc aka Doug Lea Malloc is available, it will
be used.  This should result in better performance on Linux systems
with libc6.

** The code XEmacs uses to assemble its various paths into the
directory hierarchy has been rewritten to support the package system.
Look under "Startup Paths" in the Info documentation for more
information.

*** site-lisp is no longer part of the load-path by default.
Its use is deprecated, but you can specify --with-site-lisp=yes at the
configure command line to get it back.

*** `Info-default-directory-list' is now obsolete.  If you want to
change the path which XEmacs uses to search for info files, set
`Info-directory-list' instead.