XEmacs Installation Guide
Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996 Board of Trustees, University of Illinois
Copyright (c) 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Synched up with: FSF 19.30.
Permission is granted to anyone to make or distribute verbatim copies
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and that the distributor grants the recipient permission
for further redistribution as permitted by this notice.
Permission is granted to distribute modified versions
of this document, or of portions of it,
under the above conditions, provided also that they
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and that any new or changed statements about the activities
of the Free Software Foundation are approved by the Foundation.
BUILDING AND INSTALLATION:
1) Make sure your system has enough swapping space allocated to handle
a program whose pure code is 900k bytes and whose data area is at
least 400k and can reach 8Mb or more. If the swapping space is
insufficient, you will get an error in the command `temacs -batch -l
loadup dump', found in `./src/Makefile.in.in', or possibly when
running the final dumped XEmacs.
Building XEmacs requires about 88 Mb of disk space (including the XEmacs
sources). Once installed, XEmacs occupies about 50 Mb in the file system
where it is installed; this includes the executable files, Lisp libraries,
miscellaneous data files, and on-line documentation. The amount of storage
of the Lisp directories may be reduced by compressing the .el files. If
the building and installation take place in different directories, then
the installation procedure momentarily requires 88+50 Mb.
XEmacs requires an ANSI C compiler, such as LCC or GCC.
2) Consult `./etc/MACHINES' to see what configuration name you should
give to the `configure' program. That file offers hints for
getting around some possible installation problems.
3) In the top directory of the XEmacs distribution, run the program
`configure' as follows:
./configure CONFIGURATION-NAME [--OPTION[=VALUE]] ...
The CONFIGURATION-NAME argument should be a configuration name given
in `./etc/MACHINES'. If omitted, `configure' will try to guess your
system type; if it cannot, you must find the appropriate configuration
name in `./etc/MACHINES' and specify it explicitly.
If you don't want X support, specify `--with-x=no'. If you omit this
option, `configure' will try to figure out for itself whether your
system has X, and arrange to use it if present.
Additional support can be included for the NeXTstep system by
specifying the flag `--with-ns'. This is not yet fully supported.
The `--x-includes=DIR' and `--x-libraries=DIR' options tell the build
process where the compiler should look for the include files and
object libraries used with the X Window System. Normally, `configure'
is able to find them; these options are necessary if you have your X
Window System files installed in unusual places.
The `--site-includes=DIR' and `--site-libraries=DIR' options allow you
to specify additional places the compiler should look for include
files and object libraries. You may specify multiple DIR's by
enclosing the list in quotes. On some systems (noticeably Solaris) you
may need to use `--site-runtime-libraries=DIR'. This will add -R
versions of each path in addition to the -L versions.
The `--with-gcc' option specifies that the build process should
compile XEmacs using GCC. The `--with-lcc' option specifies that the
build process should compile XEmacs using Lucid C. The `--compiler'
option allows you to specify some other compiler to be used to compile
XEmacs. It is compatible with both the `--with-gcc' and `--with-lcc'
options, so if the compiler that you specify is a special version of
either gcc or lcc, then use the appropriate --with-gcc or --with-lcc
flag as well as the --compiler flag. If none of these flags is
specified, `configure' will search for GCC in your load path, and use
it if present. If you don't want to use GCC, specify `--with-gcc=no'
and the compiler will then default to 'cc'.
The `--cflags' option specifies the CFLAGS the build process should
use when compiling XEmacs. If not used CFLAGS defaults to "-g -O" for
gcc and "-g" for all other compilers.
The `--with-gnu-make' option specifies that Makefiles should be
written to take advantage of special features of GNU Make. GNU Make
works fine on Makefiles even without this option. This flag just
allows for simultaneous in-place and --srcdir building.
The `--dynamic' option specifies that configure should try to link
emacs dynamically rather than statically.
The `--const-is-losing' option is for use if you have trouble
compiling due to the `const' storage class in C. This is defined by
default. Most users should have no need to change this.
You can build XEmacs for several different machine types from a single
source directory. To do this, you must use a version of `make' that
supports the `VPATH' variable, such as GNU `make'. Make separate
build directories for the different configuration types, and in each
one, run the XEmacs `configure' script. `configure' looks for the
Emacs source code in the directory that `configure' is in.
The `--prefix=PREFIXDIR' option specifies where the installation process
should put XEmacs and its data files. This defaults to `/usr/local'.
- XEmacs (and the other utilities users run) go in PREFIXDIR/bin
(unless the `--exec-prefix' option says otherwise).
- The architecture-independent files go in PREFIXDIR/lib/xemacs-VERSION
(where VERSION is the version number of XEmacs, like `19.14').
- The architecture-dependent files go in
(where CONFIGURATION is the configuration name, like mips-dec-ultrix4.2),
unless the `--exec-prefix' option says otherwise.
The `--exec-prefix=EXECDIR' option allows you to specify a separate
portion of the directory tree for installing architecture-specific
files, like executables and utility programs. If specified,
- XEmacs (and the other utilities users run) go in EXECDIR/bin, and
- The architecture-dependent files go in
EXECDIR/bin should be a directory that is normally in users' PATHs.
For example, the command
./configure mips-dec-ultrix --with-x
configures XEmacs to build for a DECstation running Ultrix, with
support for the X11 window system.
The `--run-in-place' option will make the installed binaries reference
the source tree for the elisp files.
The `--with-menubars=TYPE' option allows you to specify which X
toolkit you wish to use for the menubar. The valid options are
`lucid', `motif' and `none'. The default is `lucid' which is a
Motif-lookalike menubar. We highly recommend its usage over the real
Motif menubar. (In fact, the Motif menubar is currently broken.) If
`none' is specified then support for menubars will not be compiled in.
The `--with-scrollbars=TYPE' option allows you to specify which X
toolkit you wish to use for the scrollbars. The valid options are
`lucid', `motif', `athena', `athena3d', and `none'. The default is
`lucid' which is a Motif-lookalike scrollbar. If `none' is specified
then support for scrollbars will not be compiled in.
The `--with-dialogs=TYPE' option allows you to specify which X toolkit
you wish to use for the scrollbars. The valid options are `athena',
`motif, and `none. The `lucid' option is accepted and will result in
the `athena' toolkit being used. If the Motif toolkit can be found
the default is `motif'. Otherwise, the default is `athena'. If
`none' is specified then support for dialog boxes will not be compiled
The `--with-toolbars' option allows you to enable or disable toolbar
support. The default is `yes' as long as support for a windowing
system is included.
The `--with-xpm' option specifies that XEmacs should support X
Pixmaps. `configure' will attempt to detect if you have the Xpm
libraries and define `--with-xpm' for you.
The `--with-xface' option specifies that XEmacs should support
X-Faces. `configure' will attempt to detect if you have the compface
library and define `--with-xface' for you.
The `--with-gif' option specifies that XEmacs should support GIF image
conversion. No extra libraries are required. This options defaults
The `--with-jpeg' option specifies that XEmacs should support JPEG
image conversion. This option requires libjpeg from the Independent
JPEG Group which is available on the XEmacs ftp site. `configure'
will attempt to detect if you have libjpeg and define `--with-jpeg'
The `--with-png option specifies that XEmacs should support PNG image
conversion. The valid options at `yes', `no' and `gnuz'. This option
requires libpng which is available on the XEmacs ftp site. This
option also requires a decompression library, either libz or libgz.
The default is to use libz. Specify `gnuz' as the option to use libgz
instead. `configure' will attempt to detect if you have libpng and
define `--with-png' for you.
The `--with-database' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with additional database support. The valid options are `no' or a
comma-separated list of one or more of `dbm', `gnudbm' or `berkdb'.
`configure' will attempt to detect the necessary libraries and header
files and define `--with-database' for you.
The `--with-socks' option specifies that XEmacs should be built with
The `--with-term' option specifies that XEmacs should be built with
TERM support. TERM is a way to multiplex serial lines over a simple
dialup connection, used on Linux and other systems. We cannot
guarantee that our TERM support coexists well with standard Internet
The `--with-tooltalk' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with ToolTalk support for interconnecting with other applications.
ToolTalk is not yet supported on all architectures.
The `--with-sparcworks' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with support for Sun Sparcworks 3.0.1 and up. This functionality is
only of use on SunOS 4.1.x and Solaris 2.x systems.
The `--with-cde option allows you to enable or disable CDE drag and
drop support. `configure' will attempt to detect this option and
define `--with-cde' for you.
The `--with-offix option allows you to enable or disable OffiX drag and
drop support. `configure' will attempt to detect this option and
define `--with-offix' for you.
The `--with-energize' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with support for the Lucid Energize system. (If you have not
purchased Energize, specifying this option won't gain you anything.)
Currently this doesn't work.
The `--external-widget' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with support for being used as a widget. This functionality should be
The `--with-mocklisp' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with support for Mocklisp. Do not use this option unless you have a
Mocklisp program that you need to run.
The `--with-xmu=no' option can be used if your vendor doesn't ship
the Xmu library.
The `--puresize' option can be used to change the amount of purespace
allocated for the dumped XEmacs. As of XEmacs 20.1 usage of this
parameter is deprecated and, in fact, ignored.
The `--with-sound=TYPE' option specifies that XEmacs should be built
with sound support. Native (`--with-sound=native') sound support is
currently available only on Sun SparcStations, SGI's, HP9000s, and
Linux. Network Audio Support (NAS) (`--with-sound=nas' or
`--with-sound=both') is an extension to X that you may or may not have
for your system. For NAS, you will probably need to provide the paths
to the nas include and library directories to configure. `configure'
will attempt to determine if your configuration supports sound and
define --with-sound for you. If your native sound library is not in a
standard location you can specify where it is with the
`--native-sound-lib=LIB' flag. For Linux, `/dev/audio' is required
for SunAudio files and `/dev/dsp' is required for raw data and WAVE
The `--rel-alloc' option can be used to either enable or disable use
of the relocating allocator. Generally, it's best to go with the
default configuration for your system.
The `--use-system-malloc' option can be use to either enable or
disable use of the relocating allocator. Generally, it's best to go
with the default configuration for your system. Note that on many
systems using the system malloc disables the use of the relocating
The `--with-epoch' option enables functionality taken from Epoch.
Currently this doesn't work.
The `--debug' and `--error-checking' options are intended for use only
by the developers. `--debug' adds code to be compiled in for
performing various tests. `--error-checking' adds additional tests to
many of the commonly used macros.
The `--verbose' and `--extra-verbose' options are intended for use
only by the developers. `--verbose' causes the results of all
configure tests to be displayed. `--extra-verbose' also displays the
output of any compiler invocations done by configure.
The `--with-wnn' and `--with-wnn6' options are for compiling with the
Wnn multi-language input method. `--with-wnn' is for compiling
against Wnn-4.2 the free version of WNN. This is beta level code.
`--with-wnn6' is for compiling against WNN6 the commercial version of
WNN. This is alpha level code and very lightly tested at present.
The `--wnn-includes=DIR' and `wnn-libraries=DIR' options are provided
for specifying information about where to find WNN include directories
and WNN libraries. Currently you need to specify wnn-includes in most
installations of Wnn-4.2.
`configure' doesn't do any compilation or installation
itself. It just creates the files that influence those things:
`./Makefile', `src/Makefile', `lwlib/Makefile', `lib-src/Makefile',
`man/Makefile', `dynodump/Makefile', and `./src/config.h'. For
details on exactly what it does, see the section called `CONFIGURATION
BY HAND', below.
When it is done, `configure' prints a description of what it did and
creates a shell script `config.status' which, when run, recreates the
same configuration. If `configure' exits with an error after
disturbing the status quo, it removes `config.status'.
The work of `configure' can be done by editing various files in the
distribution, but using `configure' is supposed to be simpler. See
the section called "CONFIGURATION BY HAND" below if you want to do the
4) Look at `./lisp/paths.el'; if some of those values are not right
for your system, set up the file `./lisp/site-init.el' with XEmacs
Lisp code to override them; it is not a good idea to edit paths.el
itself. YOU MUST USE THE LISP FUNCTION `setq' TO ASSIGN VALUES,
rather than `defvar', as used by `./lisp/paths.el'. For example,
(setq news-inews-program "/usr/bin/inews")
is how you would override the default value of the variable
news-inews-program (which is "/usr/local/inews").
Before you override a variable this way, *look at the value* that the
variable gets by default! Make sure you know what kind of value the
variable should have. If you don't pay attention to what you are
doing, you'll make a mistake.
Things may malfunction if the variable `directory-abbrev-alist' is not set
up to translate "temporary" automounter mount points into the canonical
form. The default value of this variable contains the translation
("^/tmp_mnt/" . "/")
meaning translate "/tmp_mnt/net/FOO" into "/net/FOO", which is appropriate
for the default configuration of the Sun automounter, but which may be
inappropriate for different vendor's automounters, or if you have customized
your mount-point names.
5) Put into `./lisp/site-init.el' or `./lisp/site-load.el' any Emacs
Lisp code you want XEmacs to load before it is dumped out. Use
site-load.el for additional libraries if you arrange for their
documentation strings to be in the lib-src/DOC file (see
src/Makefile.in.in if you wish to figure out how to do that). For all
else, use site-init.el.
If you set load-path to a different value in site-init.el or
site-load.el, XEmacs will use *precisely* that value when it starts up
again. If you do this, you are on your own!
Note that, on some systems, the code you place in site-init.el must
not use expand-file-name or any other function which may look
something up in the system's password and user information database.
See `./PROBLEMS' for more details on which systems this affects.
The `site-*.el' files are nonexistent in the distribution. You do not
need to create them if you have nothing to put in them.
6) Refer to the file `./etc/TERMS' for information on fields you may
wish to add to various termcap entries. The files `./etc/termcap.ucb'
and `./etc/termcap.dat' may already contain appropriately-modified
7) Run `make' in the top directory of the XEmacs distribution to finish
building XEmacs in the standard way. The final executable file is
named `src/emacs'. You can execute this file "in place" without
copying it, if you wish; then it automatically uses the sibling
directories ../lisp, ../lib-src, ../info.
Or you can "install" the executable and the other XEmacs into their
installed locations, with `make install'. By default, XEmacs's files
are installed in the following directories:
By default, XEmacs installs its files in the following directories:
`/usr/local/bin' holds the executable programs users normally run -
`xemacs', `etags', `ctags', `b2m', `emacsclient',
`gnuclient', `gnudoit', `gnuattach', and `rcs-checkin'.
`/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/lisp' holds the Emacs Lisp libraries;
`VERSION' stands for the number of the XEmacs version
you are installing, like `18.59' or `19.14'. Since
the lisp libraries change from one version of XEmacs to
another, including the version number in the path
allows you to have several versions of XEmacs installed
at the same time; this means that you don't have to
make XEmacs unavailable while installing a new version.
XEmacs searches for its lisp files in these
directories, and then in
`/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/etc' holds the XEmacs tutorial, the
`yow' database, and other architecture-independent
files XEmacs might need while running. VERSION is as
specified for `.../lisp'.
`/usr/local/lib/xemacs/lock' contains files indicating who is
editing what, so XEmacs can detect editing clashes
`/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/CONFIGURATION-NAME' contains executable
programs used by XEmacs that users are not expected to
run themselves, and the DOC file. `VERSION' is the
number of the XEmacs version you are installing, and
`CONFIGURATION-NAME' is the argument you gave to the
`configure' program to identify the architecture and
operating system of your machine, like
`mips-dec-ultrix' or `sparc-sun-sunos'. Since these
files are specific to the version of XEmacs, operating
system, and architecture in use, including the
configuration name in the path allows you to have
several versions of XEmacs for any mix of machines and
operating systems installed at the same time; this is
useful for sites at which different kinds of machines
share the file system XEmacs is installed on.
`/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/info' holds the on-line documentation
for XEmacs, known as "info files".
`/usr/local/man/man1' holds the man pages for the programs installed
If these directories are not what you want, you can specify where to
install XEmacs's libraries and data files or where XEmacs should search
for its lisp files by giving values for `make' variables as part of
the command. See the section below called `MAKE VARIABLES' for more
information on this.
8) If your system uses lock files to interlock access to mailer inbox files,
then you might need to make the movemail program setuid or setgid
to enable it to write the lock files. We believe this is safe.
The setuid/setgid bits need not be set on any other XEmacs-related
9) You are done! You can remove executables and object files from
the build directory by typing `make clean'. To also remove the files
that `configure' created (so you can compile XEmacs for a different
configuration), type `make distclean'.
You can change where the build process installs XEmacs and its data
files by specifying values for `make' variables as part of the `make'
command line. For example, if you type
make install bindir=/usr/local/gnubin
the `bindir=/usr/local/gnubin' argument indicates that the XEmacs
executable files should go in `/usr/local/gnubin', not
Here is a complete list of the variables you may want to set.
`bindir' indicates where to put executable programs that users can
run. This defaults to /usr/local/bin.
`datadir' indicates where to put the architecture-independent
read-only data files that XEmacs refers to while it runs; it
defaults to /usr/local/lib. We create the following
subdirectories under `datadir':
- `xemacs-VERSION/lisp', containing the XEmacs lisp libraries, and
- `xemacs-VERSION/etc', containing the XEmacs tutorial and the
`VERSION' is the number of the XEmacs version you are installing,
like `18.59' or `19.14'. Since these files vary from one version
of XEmacs to another, including the version number in the path
allows you to have several versions of XEmacs installed at the
same time; this means that you don't have to make XEmacs
unavailable while installing a new version.
`statedir' indicates where to put architecture-independent data files
that XEmacs modifies while it runs; it defaults to
/usr/local/lib as well. We create the following
subdirectories under `statedir':
- `xemacs/lock', containing files indicating who is editing
what, so XEmacs can detect editing clashes between
`libdir' indicates where to put architecture-specific data files that
XEmacs refers to as it runs; it too defaults to `/usr/local/lib'.
We create the following subdirectories under `libdir':
- `xemacs-VERSION/CONFIGURATION-NAME', containing executable
programs used by XEmacs that users are not expected to run
themselves and the DOC file.
`VERSION' is the number of the XEmacs version you are installing,
and `CONFIGURATION-NAME' is the argument you gave to the
`configure' program to identify the architecture and operating
system of your machine, like `mips-dec-ultrix' or
`sparc-sun-sunos'. Since these files are specific to the version
of XEmacs, operating system, and architecture in use, including
the configuration name in the path allows you to have several
versions of XEmacs for any mix of machines and operating systems
installed at the same time; this is useful for sites at which
different kinds of machines share the file system XEmacs is
`infodir' indicates where to put the info files distributed with
XEmacs; it defaults to `/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/info'.
`mandir' indicates where to put the man pages for XEmacs and its
utilities (like `etags'); it defaults to
`prefix' doesn't give a path for any specific part of XEmacs; instead,
its value is used to determine the defaults for all the
architecture-independent path variables - `datadir',
`statedir', `infodir', and `mandir'. Its default value is
`/usr/local'; the other variables add on `lib' or `man' to it
For example, suppose your site generally places GNU software
under `/usr/users/software/gnusoft' instead of `/usr/local'.
in the arguments to `make', you can instruct the build process
to place all of the XEmacs data files in the appropriate
directories under that path.
`exec_prefix' serves the same purpose as `prefix', but instead
determines the default values for the architecture-dependent
path variables - `bindir' and `libdir'.
The above variables serve analogous purposes in the makefiles for all
GNU software; here are some variables specific to XEmacs.
`lispdir' indicates where XEmacs installs and expects its lisp
libraries. Its default value, based on `datadir' (see above),
is `/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/lisp' (where `VERSION' is as
`sitelispdir' indicates where XEmacs should search for lisp libraries
specific to your site. XEmacs checks them in order before
checking `lispdir'. Its default value, based on `datadir'
(see above), is `/usr/local/lib/xemacs/site-lisp'.
`etcdir' indicates where XEmacs should install and expect the rest of
its architecture-independent data, like the tutorial and yow
database. Its default value, based on `datadir'
(see above), is `/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/etc' (where
`VERSION' is as described above).
`lockdir' indicates the directory where XEmacs keeps track of its
locking information. Its default value, based on `statedir'
(see above), is `/usr/local/lib/xemacs/lock'.
`archlibdir' indicates where XEmacs installs and expects the
executable files and other architecture-dependent data it uses
while running. Its default value, based on `libdir' (see
above), is `/usr/local/lib/xemacs-VERSION/CONFIGURATION-NAME'
(where VERSION and CONFIGURATION-NAME are as described above).
Remember that you must specify any variable values you need each time
you run `make' in the top directory. If you run `make' once to build
xemacs, test it, and then run `make' again to install the files, you
must provide the same variable settings each time. To make the
settings persist, you can edit them into the `Makefile' in the top
directory, but be aware that running the `configure' program erases
`Makefile' and rebuilds it from `Makefile.in'.
The top-level Makefile stores the variable settings it used in the
Makefiles for the subdirectories, so you don't have to specify them
when running make in the subdirectories.
CONFIGURATION BY HAND
Instead of running the `configure' program, you have to perform the
1) Copy `./src/config.h.in' to `./src/config.h'.
2) Consult `./etc/MACHINES' to see what configuration name you should
use for your system. Look at the code of the `configure' script to
see which operating system and architecture description files from
`src/s' and `src/m' should be used for that configuration name. Edit
`src/config.h', and change the two `#include' directives to include
the appropriate system and architecture description files.
2) Edit `./src/config.h' to set the right options for your system. If
you need to override any of the definitions in the s/*.h and m/*.h
files for your system and machine, do so by editing config.h, not by
changing the s/*.h and m/*.h files. Occasionally you may need to
redefine parameters used in `./lib-src/movemail.c'.
3) If you're going to use the make utility to build XEmacs, you will
still need to run `configure' first, giving the appropriate values for
the variables in the sections entitled "Things `configure' Might Edit"
and "Where To Install Things." Note that you may only need to change
the variables `prefix' and `exec_prefix', since the rest of the
variables have reasonable defaults based on them. For each Makefile
variable of this type, there is a corresponding configure option; for
example, to change the location of the lock directory, you might use
The `configure' script is built from `configure.in' by the `autoconf'
program. However, since XEmacs has configuration requirements that
autoconf can't meet, `configure.in' uses an marriage of custom-baked
configuration code and autoconf macros. New versions of autoconf
could very well break this arrangement, so it may be wise to avoid
rebuilding `configure' from `configure.in' when possible.
BUILDING XEMACS BY HAND
Once XEmacs is configured, running `make' in the top directory performs
the following steps.
1) Run `make src/paths.h' in the top directory. This produces
`./src/paths.h' from the template file `./src/paths.h.in', changing
the paths to the values specified in `./Makefile'.
2) Cd to `./lib-src' and run `make'. This creates executables named
`ctags' and `etags' and `wakeup' and `make-docfile' and `digest-doc'
and `test-distrib'. And others.
3) Cd to `./src' and Run `make'. This refers to files in the `./lisp'
and `./lib-src' subdirectories using names `../lisp' and
This creates a file `./src/xemacs' which is the runnable XEmacs,
assigning it a new build version number by incrementing the build
version stored in `./lisp/version.el'.
It also creates a file in `./lib-src' whose name is `DOC' followed by
the current XEmacs version. This file contains documentation strings
for all the functions in XEmacs. Each time you run make to make a new
xemacs, a new DOC file with a new name is made. You must keep the DOC
file for an XEmacs version as long as you keep using that XEmacs
INSTALLATION BY HAND
The steps below are done by running `make install' in the main
directory of the XEmacs distribution.
1) Copy `./lisp' and its subdirectories, `./etc', and the executables
in `./lib-src' to their final destinations, as selected in `./src/paths.h'.
Strictly speaking, not all of the executables in `./lib-src' need be copied.
- The programs `cvtmail', `emacsserver', `env', `fakemail', `hexl',
`movemail', `timer', `vcdiff', `wakeup', and `yow' are used by
XEmacs; they do need to be copied.
- The programs `etags', `ctags', `emacsclient', `b2m', `rcs2log',
`gnuclient', `gnudoit', and `gnuattach' are intended to be run
by users; they are handled below.
- The programs `make-docfile' and `test-distrib' were
used in building XEmacs, and are not needed any more.
- The programs `digest-doc' and `sorted-doc' convert a `DOC' file into
a file for users to read. There is no important reason to move them.
2) Copy the files in `./info' to the place specified in
`./lisp/site-init.el' or `./lisp/paths.el'. Note that if the
destination directory already contains a file named `dir', you
probably don't want to replace it with the `dir' file in the XEmacs
distribution. Instead, you should make sure that the existing `dir'
file contains an appropriate menu entry for the XEmacs info.
3) Create a directory for XEmacs to use for clash detection, named as
indicated by the PATH_LOCK macro in `./src/paths.h'.
4) Copy `./src/xemacs' to `/usr/local/bin', or to some other directory
in users' search paths. `./src/xemacs' has an alternate name
`./src/emacs-EMACSVERSION'; you may wish to make a symbolic link named
`/usr/local/bin/xemacs' pointing to that alternate name, as an easy way
of installing different versions.
You can delete `./src/temacs'.
5) Copy the programs `b2m', `emacsclient', `ctags', `etags', `rcs2log',
`gnuclient', `gnudoit', and `gnuattach' from `./lib-src' to
`/usr/local/bin'. These programs are intended for users to run.
6) Copy the man pages in `./etc' for xemacs, ctags, etags, and gnuserv
into the appropriate man directories.
7) The files in the `./src' subdirectory, except for `xemacs', are not
used by XEmacs once it is built. The source would be handy for
See the file PROBLEMS in this directory for a list of various
problems sometimes encountered, and what to do about them.