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XEmacs / src / unexenix.c

/* Unexec for Xenix.
   Copyright (C) 1988, 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of XEmacs.

XEmacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
later version.

XEmacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with XEmacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

/* Synched up with: FSF 19.31. */


  On 80386 Xenix, segmentation screws prevent us from modifying the text
  segment at all.  We basically just plug a new value for "data segment
  size" into the countless headers and copy the other records straight
  through.  The data segment is ORG'ed at the xs_rbase value of the data
  segment's xseg record (always @ 0x1880000, thanks to the "sophisticated
  memory management hardware" of the chip) and extends to sbrk(0), exactly.
  This code is afraid to malloc (should it be?), and alloca has to be the
  wimpy, malloc-based version; consequently, data is usually copied in
  smallish chunks.


#include <config.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <varargs.h>
#include <a.out.h>

static void fatal_unexec ();

#define READ(_fd, _buffer, _size, _error_message, _error_arg) \
	errno = EEOF; \
	if (read(_fd, _buffer, _size) != _size) \
	  fatal_unexec(_error_message, _error_arg);

#define WRITE(_fd, _buffer, _size, _error_message, _error_arg) \
	if (write(_fd, _buffer, _size) != _size) \
	  fatal_unexec(_error_message, _error_arg);

#define SEEK(_fd, _position, _error_message, _error_arg) \
	errno = EEOF; \
	if (lseek(_fd, _position, L_SET) != _position) \
	  fatal_unexec(_error_message, _error_arg);

extern int errno;
extern char *strerror ();
#define EEOF -1

#ifndef L_SET
#define L_SET 0
/* Should check the magic number of the old executable;
   not yet written.  */
check_exec (x)
     struct xexec *x;

unexec (new_name, a_name, data_start, bss_start, entry_address)
     char *new_name, *a_name;
     unsigned data_start, bss_start, entry_address;
  char *sbrk (), *datalim = sbrk (0), *data_org;
  long segpos, textseen, textpos, textlen, datapos, datadiff, datalen;

  struct xexec u_xexec,       /*  a.out header */
              *u_xexecp = &u_xexec;
  struct xext  u_xext,        /*  extended header */
              *u_xextp  = &u_xext;
  struct xseg  u_xseg,        /*  segment table entry */
              *u_xsegp  = &u_xseg;
  int i, nsegs, isdata = 0, infd, outfd;

  infd = open (a_name, O_RDONLY, 0);
  if (infd < 0) fatal_unexec ("opening %s", a_name);

  outfd = creat (new_name, 0666);
  if (outfd < 0) fatal_unexec ("creating %s", new_name);

  READ (infd, u_xexecp, sizeof (struct xexec),
	"error reading %s", a_name);
  check_exec (u_xexecp);
  READ (infd, u_xextp, sizeof (struct xext),
	"error reading %s", a_name);
  segpos = u_xextp->xe_segpos;
  nsegs = u_xextp->xe_segsize / sizeof (struct xseg);
  SEEK (infd, segpos, "seek error on %s", a_name);
  for (i = 0; i < nsegs; i ++)
      READ (infd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	    "error reading %s", a_name);
      switch (u_xsegp->xs_type)
	case XS_TTEXT:
	    if (i == 0)
		textpos = u_xsegp->xs_filpos;
		textlen = u_xsegp->xs_psize;
	    fatal_unexec ("invalid text segment in %s", a_name);
	case XS_TDATA:
	    if (i == 1)
		datapos = u_xsegp->xs_filpos;
		datalen = datalim - (data_org = (char *)(u_xsegp->xs_rbase));
		datadiff = datalen - u_xsegp->xs_psize;
	    fatal_unexec ("invalid data segment in %s", a_name);
	    if (i > 1) break;
	    fatal_unexec ("invalid segment record in %s", a_name);
  u_xexecp->x_data = datalen;
  u_xexecp->x_bss = 0;
  WRITE (outfd, u_xexecp, sizeof (struct xexec),
	 "error writing %s", new_name);
  WRITE (outfd, u_xextp, sizeof (struct xext),
	 "error writing %s", new_name);
  SEEK (infd, segpos, "seek error on %s", a_name);
  SEEK (outfd, segpos, "seek error on %s", new_name);

  /* Copy the text segment record verbatim. */

  copyrec (infd, outfd, sizeof (struct xseg), a_name, new_name);

  /* Read, modify, write the data segment record. */

  READ (infd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	"error reading %s", a_name);
  u_xsegp->xs_psize = u_xsegp->xs_vsize = datalen;
  u_xsegp->xs_attr &= (~XS_AITER & ~XS_ABSS);
  WRITE (outfd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	 "error writing %s", new_name);

  /* Now copy any additional segment records, adjusting their
     file position field */

  for (i = 2; i < nsegs; i++)
      READ (infd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	    "error reading %s", a_name);
      u_xsegp->xs_filpos += datadiff;
      WRITE (outfd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	     "error writing %s", new_name);

  SEEK (infd, textpos, "seek error on %s", a_name);
  SEEK (outfd, textpos, "seek error on %s", new_name);
  copyrec (infd, outfd, textlen, a_name, new_name);

  SEEK (outfd, datapos, "seek error on %s", new_name);
  WRITE (outfd, data_org, datalen,
	 "write error on %s", new_name);

  for (i = 2, segpos += (2 * sizeof (struct xseg)); 
       i < nsegs;
       i++, segpos += sizeof (struct xseg))
      SEEK (infd, segpos, "seek error on %s", a_name);
      READ (infd, u_xsegp, sizeof (struct xseg),
	    "read error on %s", a_name);
      SEEK (infd, u_xsegp->xs_filpos, "seek error on %s", a_name);
      /* We should be at eof in the output file here, but we must seek
         because the xs_filpos and xs_psize fields in symbol table
	 segments are inconsistent. */
      SEEK (outfd, u_xsegp->xs_filpos + datadiff, "seek error on %s", new_name);
      copyrec (infd, outfd, u_xsegp->xs_psize, a_name, new_name);
  close (infd);
  close (outfd);
  mark_x (new_name);
  return 0;

copyrec (infd, outfd, len, in_name, out_name)
     int infd, outfd, len;
     char *in_name, *out_name;
  char buf[BUFSIZ];
  int chunk;

  while (len)
      chunk = BUFSIZ;
      if (chunk > len)
	chunk = len;
      READ (infd, buf, chunk, "error reading %s", in_name);
      WRITE (outfd, buf, chunk, "error writing %s", out_name);
      len -= chunk;

 * mark_x
 * After successfully building the new a.out, mark it executable
mark_x (name)
     char *name;
  struct stat sbuf;
  int um = umask (777);
  umask (um);
  if (stat (name, &sbuf) < 0)
    fatal_unexec ("getting protection on %s", name);
  sbuf.st_mode |= 0111 & ~um;
  if (chmod (name, sbuf.st_mode) < 0)
    fatal_unexec ("setting protection on %s", name);

static void
fatal_unexec (s, va_alist)
  va_list ap;
  if (errno == EEOF)
    fputs ("unexec: unexpected end of file, ", stderr);
    fprintf (stderr, "unexec: %s, ", strerror (errno));
  va_start (ap);
  _doprnt (s, ap, stderr);
  fputs (".\n", stderr);
  exit (1);