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SQLite JDBC Driver

SQLite JDBC driver developed by Taro L. Saito is an extension of Zentus's SQLite JDBC driver that enables Java to access SQLite database files.

Our SQLiteJDBC library, developed as a part of Xerial project, requires no configuration since all native libraries for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and pure-java SQLite, which works in any OS enviroment, are assembled into a single JAR (Java Archive) file. The usage is quite simple; download our sqlite-jdbc library, then append the library (JAR file) to your class path. See the sample code.

What is different from Zentus's SQLite JDBC?

The original Zentus's SQLite JDBC driver itself is an excellent utility for using SQLite databases from Java language, and our SQLiteJDBC library also relies on its implementation. However, its pure-java version, which totally translates c/c++ codes of SQLite into Java, is significantly slower compared to its native version, which uses SQLite binaries compiled for each OS (win, mac, linux).

To use the native version of sqlite-jdbc, user had to set a path to the native codes (dll, jnilib, so files, which are JNDI C programs) by using command-line arguments, e.g., -Djava.library.path=(path to the dll, jnilib, etc.), or -Dorg.sqlite.lib.path, etc. This process was error-prone and bothersome to tell every user to set these variables. Our SQLiteJDBC library completely does away these inconveniences.

Another difference is that we are keeping this SQLiteJDBC library up-to-date to the newest version of SQLite engine, because we are one of the hottest users of this library. For example, SQLite JDBC is a core component of UTGB (University of Tokyo Genome Browser) Toolkit, which is our utility to create personalized genome browsers.

Public Discussion Forum


  1. Download sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar from the download page, then append this jar file into your classpath.
  2. Load the JDBC driver org.sqlite.JDBC from your code. (see the example below)

Usage Example (Assuming sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar is placed in the current directory)

> javac
> java -classpath ".;sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar" Sample   # in Windows
> java -classpath ".:sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar" Sample   # in Mac or Linux
name = leo
id = 1
name = yui
id = 2

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class Sample
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ClassNotFoundException
    // load the sqlite-JDBC driver using the current class loader
    Connection connection = null;
      // create a database connection
      connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:sample.db");
      Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
      statement.setQueryTimeout(30);  // set timeout to 30 sec.
      statement.executeUpdate("drop table if exists person");
      statement.executeUpdate("create table person (id integer, name string)");
      statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(1, 'leo')");
      statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(2, 'yui')");
      ResultSet rs = statement.executeQuery("select * from person");
        // read the result set
        System.out.println("name = " + rs.getString("name"));
        System.out.println("id = " + rs.getInt("id"));
    catch(SQLException e)
      // if the error message is "out of memory", 
      // it probably means no database file is found
        if(connection != null)
      catch(SQLException e)
        // connection close failed.

The usage of SQLite-JDBC driver is the same with the original version. See for the general usage. For usage of JDBC, see my article about JDBC.

How to Specify Database Files

Here is an example to select a file C:\work\mydatabase.db (in Windows)

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:C:/work/mydatabase.db");

A UNIX (Linux, Mac OS X, etc) file /home/leo/work/mydatabase.db

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:/home/leo/work/mydatabase.db");

How to Use Memory Databases

SQLite supports on-memory database management, which does not create any database files. To use a memory database in your Java code, get the database connection as follows:

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite::memory:");


SQLiteConfig config = new SQLiteConfig();
// config.setReadOnly(true);   
// ... other configuration can be set via SQLiteConfig object
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:sample.db", config.toProperties());
  • 2009 February 18th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.11 released.
    • Fixed a bug in !PrepStmt, which does not clear the batch contents after executeBatch(). Discussion.
 // READ_UNCOMMITTED mode works only in shared_cache mode.
 Properties prop = new Properties();
 prop.setProperty("shared_cache", "true");
 Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:", prop);
  • 2008 December 17th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.7 released.
  • 2008 December 1st: sqlite-jdbc- released,
  • 2008 November 20th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.6 release.
  • 2008 November 11th: sqlite-jdbc- A bug fix release
    • Pure-java version didn't work correctly. Fixed in both and 3.6.4. If you have already downloaded 3.6.4, please obtain the latest one on the download page.
  • 2008 October 16th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.4 released.
  • 2008 October 14th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.3 released. Compatible with SQLite 3.6.3.
  • 2008 September 18th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.2 released. Compatible with SQLite 3.6.2 and contains pure-java and native versions.
  • 2008 July 17th: sqlite-jdbc-3.6.0 released. Compatible with SQLite 3.6.0, and includes both pure-java and native versions.
  • 2008 July 3rd: sqlite-jdbc-3.5.9-universal released. This version contains both native and pure-java SQLite libraries, so it probably works in any OS environment.
  • 2008 May 29th: Current development revision (sqlite-jdbc-3.5.9-1) can be compiled with JDK 6. No need to use JDK 1.5 for compiling SQLiteJDBC.
  • 2008 May 20th: sqlite-jdbc-3.5.9 released.
  • 2008 May 20th: sqlite-jdbc-3.5.8 released (corresponding to SQLite 3.5.8 and sqlite-jdbc-v047). From this release, Windows, Mac OS X, Linux (i386, amd64) and Solaris (SunOS, sparcv9) libraries are bundled into one jar file.
  • 2008 May 1st: sqlite-jdbc is now in the maven central repository! How to use SQLiteJDBC with Maven2
  • 2008 Mar. 18th: sqlite-jdbc-3.5.7 released.
  • 2008 Mar. 10th: sqlite-jdbc-v042 released.
    • Corresponding to SQLite 3.5.6, which integrates FTS3 (full text search).
  • 2008 Jan. 31st: sqlite-jdbc-v038.4 released.
    • SQLiteJDBCLoder.initialize() is no longer requried.
  • 2008 Jan. 11th: The Jar files for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux are packed into a single Jar file! So, no longer need to use an OS-specific jar file.
  • 2007 Dec. 31th: Upgraded to sqlitejdbc-v038


Download the latest version of SQLiteJDBC from the downloads page.

Beta Release

The early releases (beta) of sqlite-jdbc with some advanced features are available from here

Supported Operating Systems

Since sqlite-jdbc-3.6.19, the natively compiled SQLite engines will be used for the following operating systems:

  • Windows XP, Vista (Windows, x86 architecture, x86_64)
  • Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger), 10.5(Leopard), 10.6 SnowLeopard (for i386, x86_64, Intel CPU machines)
  • Linux i386 (Intel), amd64 (64-bit X86 Intel processor)

In the other OSs not listed above, the pure-java SQLite is used.

If you want to use the native library for your OS, build the source from scratch.

How does SQLiteJDBC work?

Our SQLite JDBC driver package (i.e., sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar) contains three types of native SQLite libraries (sqlite-jdbc.dll, sqlite-jdbc.jnilib,, each of them is compiled for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. An appropriate native library file is automatically extracted into your OS's temporary folder, when your program loads "org.sqlite.JDBC" driver.

Source Codes

$ hg clone sqlite-jdbc


This program follows the Apache License version 2.0 ( ) That means:

It allows you to:

  • freely download and use this software, in whole or in part, for personal, company internal, or commercial purposes;
  • use this software in packages or distributions that you create.

It forbids you to:

  • redistribute any piece of our originated software without proper attribution;
  • use any marks owned by us in any way that might state or imply that we endorse your distribution;
  • use any marks owned by us in any way that might state or imply that you created this software in question.

It requires you to:

  • include a copy of the license in any redistribution you may make that includes this software;
  • provide clear attribution to us, for any distributions that include this software

It does not require you to:

  • include the source of this software itself, or of any modifications you may have made to it, in any redistribution you may assemble that includes it;
  • submit changes that you make to the software back to this software (though such feedback is encouraged).

See License FAQ for more details.

Using SQLiteJDBC with Maven2

If you are familier with [ Maven2], add the following XML fragments into your pom.xml file. With those settings, your Maven will automatically download our SQLiteJDBC library into your local Maven repository, since our sqlite-jdbc libraries are synchronized with the [ Maven's central repository].


Using SQLiteJDBC with Tomcat6 Web Server

Do not include sqlite-jdbc-(version).jar in WEB-INF/lib folder of your web application package, since multiple web applications hosted by the same Tomcat server cannot load the sqlite-jdbc native library more than once. That is the specification of JNI (Java Native Interface). You will observe UnsatisfiedLinkError exception with the message "no SQLite library found".

Work-around of this problem is to put sqlite-jdbc-(version).jar file into (TOMCAT_HOME)/lib direcotry, in which multiple web applications can share the same native library file (.dll, .jnilib, .so) extracted from this sqlite-jdbc jar file.

If you are using Maven for your web application, set the dependency scope as 'provided', and manually put the SQLite JDBC jar file into (TOMCAT_HOME)/lib folder.


Build from Source

If your OS is not supported, consider to build the [#SourceCodes source] from scratch.

export MAVEN_HOME=$HOME/local/maven-2.0.7
  • Clone the Mercurial repository
 hg clone sqlite-jdbc
  • (If necessary) set the JAVA_HOME environment variable as your JDK folder (e.g. /usr/java/jdk1.5.0_13), and PATH so that you can run the javac command.
 > export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.5.0_13/; export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
 > javac -version
 javac 1.5.0_13
  • Type make in the sqlite-jdbc folder:
 > make 
  • A new SQLite JDBC jar file that additionally supports your OS will be generated as target/sqlite-jdbc-(version).jar

Dependency Tests

  • Windows XP (32-bit)
  • dependency check
> DUMPBIN /DEPENDENTS sqlitejdbc.dll

  • Mac OS X (10.4.10 Tiger ~ 10.5 Leopard)
  • dependency check
> otool -L libsqlitejdbc.jnilib  
        build/Darwin-i386/libsqlitejdbc.jnilib (compatibility version 0.0.0, current version 0.0.0)
        /usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 88.3.9)
  • Linux (glibc-2.5.12)
  • Dependency check
> ldd    =>  (0x00b45000) => /lib/i686/nosegneg/ (0x002dd000)
        /lib/ (0x47969000)