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sqlite-jdbc / Usage

How to Specify Database Files

Here is an example to establishing a connection to a database file C:\work\mydatabase.db (in Windows)

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:C:/work/mydatabase.db");

Opening a UNIX (Linux, Mac OS X, etc.) file /home/leo/work/mydatabase.db

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:/home/leo/work/mydatabase.db");

How to Use Memory Databases

SQLite supports on-memory database management, which does not create any database files. To use a memory database in your Java code, get the database connection as follows:

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite::memory:");

And also, you can create memory database as follows:

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:");

How to use Online Backup and Restore Feature

Take a backup of the whole database to backup.db file:

// Create a memory database
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:");
Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
// Do some updates
stmt.executeUpdate("create table sample(id, name)");
stmt.executeUpdate("insert into sample values(1, \"leo\")");
stmt.executeUpdate("insert into sample values(2, \"yui\")");
// Dump the database contents to a file
stmt.executeUpdate("backup to backup.db");
Restore the database from a backup file:
// Create a memory database
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:");
// Restore the database from a backup file
Statement stat = conn.createStatement();
stat.executeUpdate("restore from backup.db");

Creating BLOB data

  1. Create a table with a column of blob type: create table T (id integer, data blob)
  2. Create a prepared statement with ? symbol: insert into T values(1, ?)
  3. Prepare a blob data in byte array (e.g., byte[] data = ...)
  4. preparedStatement.setBytes(1, data)
  5. preparedStatement.execute()...

Reading Database Files in classpaths or network (read-only)

To load db files that can be found from the class loader (e.g., db files inside a jar file in the classpath), use jdbc:sqlite::resource: prefix.

For example, here is an example to access an SQLite DB file, sample.db in a Java package org.yourdomain:

Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite::resource:org/yourdomain/sample.db"); 

In addition, external DB resources can be used as follows:

Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite::resource:"); 

To access db files inside some specific jar file (in local or remote), use the JAR URL:

Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite::resource:jar:!/sample.db"); 

DB files will be extracted to a temporary folder specified in System.getProperty("").

Configure Connections

SQLiteConfig config = new SQLiteConfig();
// config.setReadOnly(true);   
// ... other configuration can be set via SQLiteConfig object
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:sample.db", config.toProperties());