Doug Stewart avatar Doug Stewart committed 8dee594

Let's take a look at using Normalize instead of scattershot reset CSS trickery.

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includes/css/normalize.css/README.md

+normalize.css
+=============
+
+Normalize.css is a customisable CSS file that makes browsers render all elements more consistently and in line with modern standards. We researched the differences between default browser styles in order to precisely target only the styles that need normalizing.
+
+[Check out the demo](http://necolas.github.com/normalize.css/demo.html)
+
+What does it do?
+-----------
+
+* Preserves useful defaults, unlike many CSS resets.
+* Normalizes styles for a wide range of elements.
+* Corrects bugs and common browser inconsistencies.
+* Improves usability with subtle improvements.
+* Explains what code does using detailed comments.
+
+How to use it
+-----------
+
+It is suggested that you read through the `normalize.css` file and customise it to meet the design requirements of a project, rather blindly including it as a "black box".
+
+If you prefer to use a different CSS formatting style, consider using a tool like [Procssor](http://procssor.com/).
+
+If you would like to minify the file, you can use a tool like this [online CSS compressor using YUI Compressor](http://www.refresh-sf.com/yui/) or perform the minification as part of your build process.
+
+Browser support
+-----------
+
+* Google Chrome
+* Mozilla Firefox 3+
+* Apple Safari 4+
+* Opera 10+
+* Internet Explorer 6+
+
+License
+-----------
+
+Public domain
+
+Acknowledgements
+------------
+
+Normalize.css is a project by [Nicolas Gallagher](http://github.com/necolas) and [Jonathan Neal](http://github.com/jonathantneal).

includes/css/normalize.css/demo.html

+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+    <head>
+        <meta charset="utf-8">
+        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
+        <title>Normalize CSS</title>
+        <link rel="stylesheet" href="normalize.css">
+        <script src="http://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
+        <style>
+            #boxsize button,
+            #boxsize input,
+            #boxsize select,
+            #boxsize textarea {
+                width: 200px;
+                padding: 5px;
+                border: 1px solid #333;
+            }
+        </style>
+    </head>
+    <body>
+        <header>
+            <hgroup>
+                <h1>Grouped Heading 1</h1>
+                <h2>Grouped Heading 2</h2>
+            </hgroup>
+            <nav>
+                <ul>
+                    <li><a href="#">navigation item #1</a></li>
+                    <li><a href="#">navigation item #2</a></li>
+                    <li><a href="#">navigation item #3</a></li>
+                </ul>
+            </nav>
+        </header>
+
+        <h1>Heading 1</h1>
+        <h2>Heading 2</h2>
+        <h3>Heading 3</h3>
+        <h4>Heading 4</h4>
+        <h5>Heading 5</h5>
+        <h6>Heading 6</h6>
+
+        <p hidden>This should be hidden in all browsers, apart from IE6</p>
+
+        <section>
+            <h1>Section Heading 1</h1>
+            <article>
+                <h4>Article Heading 2</h4>
+                <address>Address: somewhere, world</address>
+                <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m.</p>
+                <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m.</p>
+            </article>
+        </section>
+
+        <h1>Text-level semantics</h1>
+
+        <p>
+        The <a href="#">a element</a> example<br>
+        The <abbr>abbr element</abbr> and <abbr title="Title text">abbr element with title</abbr> examples<br>
+        The <b>b element</b> example<br>
+        The <cite>cite element</cite> example<br>
+        The <code>code element</code> example<br>
+        The <del>del element</del> example<br>
+        The <dfn>dfn element</dfn> and <dfn title="Title text">dfn element with title</dfn> examples<br>
+        The <em>em element</em> example<br>
+        The <i>i element</i> example<br>
+        The img element <img src="http://placekitten.com/16/16" alt=""> example<br>
+        The <ins>ins element</ins> example<br>
+        The <kbd>kbd element</kbd> example<br>
+        The <mark>mark element</mark> example<br>
+        The <q>q element <q>inside</q> a q element</q> example<br>
+        The <s>s element</s> example<br>
+        The <samp>samp element</samp> example<br>
+        The <small>small element</small> example<br>
+        The <span>span element</span> example<br>
+        The <strong>strong element</strong> example<br>
+        The <sub>sub element</sub> example<br>
+        The <sup>sup element</sup> example<br>
+        The <var>var element</var> example<br>
+        The <u>u element</u> example
+        </p>
+
+        <h1>Embedded content</h1>
+
+        <h3>audio</h3>
+
+        <audio controls></audio>
+        <audio></audio>
+
+        <h3>img</h3>
+
+        <img src="http://placekitten.com/100/100" alt="">
+        <a href="#"><img src="http://placekitten.com/100/100" alt=""></a>
+
+        <h3>svg</h3>
+
+        <svg width="100px" height="100px">
+            <circle cx="100" cy="100" r="100" fill="#ff0000" />
+        </svg>
+
+        <h3>video</h3>
+
+        <video controls></video>
+        <video></video>
+
+        <h1>Grouping content</h1>
+
+        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et m.</p>
+
+        <h3>pre</h3>
+
+        <pre>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et me.</pre>
+
+        <pre><code>&lt;html>
+    &lt;head>
+    &lt;/head>
+    &lt;body>
+        &lt;div class="main"> &lt;div>
+    &lt;/body>
+&lt;/html></code></pre>
+
+        <h3>blockquote</h3>
+
+        <blockquote>
+            <p>Some sort of famous witty quote marked up with a &lt;blockquote> and a child &lt;p> element.</p>
+        </blockquote>
+
+        <blockquote>Even better philosophical quote marked up with just a &lt;blockquote> element.</blockquote>
+
+        <h3>ordered list</h3>
+
+        <ol>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+            <li>list item 1
+                <ol>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                    <li>list item 2
+                        <ol>
+                            <li>list item 3</li>
+                            <li>list item 3</li>
+                        </ol>
+                    </li>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                </ol>
+            </li>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+        </ol>
+
+        <h3>unordered list</h3>
+
+        <ul>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+            <li>list item 1
+                <ul>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                    <li>list item 2
+                        <ul>
+                            <li>list item 3</li>
+                            <li>list item 3</li>
+                        </ul>
+                    </li>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                    <li>list item 2</li>
+                </ul>
+            </li>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+            <li>list item 1</li>
+        </ul>
+
+        <h3>description list</h3>
+
+        <dl>
+            <dt>Description name</dt>
+            <dd>Description value</dd>
+            <dt>Description name</dt>
+            <dd>Description value</dd>
+            <dd>Description value</dd>
+            <dt>Description name</dt>
+            <dt>Description name</dt>
+            <dd>Description value</dd>
+        </dl>
+
+        <h3>figure</h3>
+
+        <figure>
+            <img src="http://placekitten.com/400/200" alt="">
+            <figcaption>Figcaption content</figcaption>
+        </figure>
+
+        <h1>Tabular data</h1>
+
+        <table>
+            <caption>Jimi Hendrix - albums</caption>
+            <thead>
+                <tr>
+                    <th>Album</th>
+                    <th>Year</th>
+                    <th>Price</th>
+                </tr>
+            </thead>
+            <tfoot>
+                <tr>
+                    <th>Album</th>
+                    <th>Year</th>
+                    <th>Price</th>
+                </tr>
+            </tfoot>
+            <tbody>
+                <tr>
+                    <td>Are You Experienced</td>
+                    <td>1967</td>
+                    <td>$10.00</td>
+                </tr>
+                <tr>
+                    <td>Axis: Bold as Love</td>
+                    <td>1967</td>
+                    <td>$12.00</td>
+                </tr>
+                <tr>
+                    <td>Electric Ladyland</td>
+                    <td>1968</td>
+                    <td>$10.00</td>
+                </tr>
+                <tr>
+                    <td>Band of Gypsys</td>
+                    <td>1970</td>
+                    <td>$12.00</td>
+                </tr>
+            </tbody>
+        </table>
+
+        <h1>Forms</h1>
+
+        <form>
+            <fieldset>
+                <legend>Inputs as descendents of labels (form legend)</legend>
+                <p><label>Text input <input type="text" value="default value"></label></p>
+                <p><label>Email input <input type="email"></label></p>
+                <p><label>Search input <input type="search"></label></p>
+                <p><label>Tel input <input type="tel"></label></p>
+                <p><label>URL input <input type="url" placeholder="http://"></label></p>
+                <p><label>Password input <input type="password" value="password"></label></p>
+                <p><label>File input <input type="file"></label></p>
+
+                <p><label>Radio input <input type="radio" name="rad"></label></p>
+                <p><label>Checkbox input <input type="checkbox"></label></p>
+                <p><label><input type="radio" name="rad"> Radio input</label></p>
+                <p><label><input type="checkbox"> Checkbox input</label></p>
+
+                <p><label>Select field <select><option>Option 01</option><option>Option 02</option></select></label></p>
+                <p><label>Textarea <textarea cols="30" rows="5" >Textarea text</textarea></label></p>
+            </fieldset>
+
+            <fieldset>
+                <legend>Inputs as siblings of labels</legend>
+                <p><label for="ic">Color input</label> <input type="color" id="ic" value="#000000"></p>
+                <p><label for="in">Number input</label> <input type="number" id="in" min="0" max="10" value="5"></p>
+                <p><label for="ir">Range input</label> <input type="range" id="ir" value="10"></p>
+                <p><label for="idd">Date input</label> <input type="date" id="idd" value="1970-01-01"></p>
+                <p><label for="idm">Month input</label> <input type="month" id="idm" value="1970-01"></p>
+                <p><label for="idw">Week input</label> <input type="week" id="idw" value="1970-W01"></p>
+                <p><label for="idt">Datetime input</label> <input type="datetime" id="idt" value="1970-01-01T00:00:00Z"></p>
+                <p><label for="idtl">Datetime-local input</label> <input type="datetime-local" id="idtl" value="1970-01-01T00:00"></p>
+
+                <p><label for="irb">Radio input</label> <input type="radio" id="irb" name="rad"></p>
+                <p><label for="icb">Checkbox input</label> <input type="checkbox" id="icb"></p>
+                <p><input type="radio" id="irb2" name="rad"> <label for="irb2">Radio input</label></p>
+                <p><input type="checkbox" id="icb2"> <label for="icb2">Checkbox input</label></p>
+
+                <p><label for="s">Select field</label> <select id="s"><option>Option 01</option><option>Option 02</option></select></p>
+                <p><label for="t">Textarea</label> <textarea id="t" cols="30" rows="5" >Textarea text</textarea></p>
+            </fieldset>
+
+            <fieldset>
+                <legend>Clickable inputs and buttons</legend>
+                <p><input type="image" src="http://placekitten.com/90/24" alt="Image (input)"></p>
+                <p><input type="reset" value="Reset (input)"></p>
+                <p><input type="button" value="Button (input)"></p>
+                <p><input type="submit" value="Submit (input)"></p>
+
+                <p><button type="reset">Reset (button)</button></p>
+                <p><button type="button">Button (button)</button></p>
+                <p><button type="submit">Submit (button)</button></p>
+            </fieldset>
+
+            <fieldset id="boxsize">
+                <legend>box-sizing tests</legend>
+                <div><input type="text" value="text"></div>
+                <div><input type="email" value="email"></div>
+                <div><input type="search" value="search"></div>
+                <div><input type="url" value="http://example.com"></div>
+                <div><input type="password" value="password"></div>
+
+                <div><input type="color" value="#000000"></div>
+                <div><input type="number" value="5"></div>
+                <div><input type="range" value="10"></div>
+                <div><input type="date" value="1970-01-01"></div>
+                <div><input type="month" value="1970-01"></div>
+                <div><input type="week" value="1970-W01"></div>
+                <div><input type="datetime" value="1970-01-01T00:00:00Z"></div>
+                <div><input type="datetime-local" value="1970-01-01T00:00"></div>
+    
+                <div><input type="radio"></div>
+                <div><input type="checkbox"></div>
+
+                <div><select><option>Option 01</option><option>Option 02</option></select></div>
+                <div><textarea cols="30" rows="5" >Textarea text</textarea></div>
+
+                <div><input type="image" src="http://placekitten.com/90/24" alt="Image (input)"></div>
+                <div><input type="reset" value="Reset (input)"></div>
+                <div><input type="button" value="Button (input)"></div>
+                <div><input type="submit" value="Submit (input)"></div>
+
+                <div><button type="reset">Reset (button)</button></div>
+                <div><button type="button">Button (button)</button></div>
+                <div><button type="submit">Submit (button)</button></div>
+            </fieldset>
+        </form>
+
+    </body>
+</html>

includes/css/normalize.css/normalize.css

+/*! normalize.css 2011-08-31T22:02 UTC · http://github.com/necolas/normalize.css */
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   HTML5 display definitions
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * Corrects block display not defined in IE6/7/8/9 & FF3
+ */
+
+article,
+aside,
+details,
+figcaption,
+figure,
+footer,
+header,
+hgroup,
+nav,
+section {
+    display: block;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects inline-block display not defined in IE6/7/8/9 & FF3
+ */
+
+audio,
+canvas,
+video {
+    display: inline-block;
+    *display: inline;
+    *zoom: 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prevents modern browsers from displaying 'audio' without controls
+ */
+
+audio:not([controls]) {
+    display: none;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses styling for 'hidden' attribute not present in IE7/8/9, FF3, S4
+ * Known issue: no IE6 support
+ */
+
+[hidden] {
+    display: none;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Base
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * 1. Corrects text resizing oddly in IE6/7 when body font-size is set using em units
+ *    http://clagnut.com/blog/348/#c790
+ * 2. Keeps page centred in all browsers regardless of content height
+ * 3. Prevents iOS text size adjust after orientation change, without disabling user zoom
+ *    www.456bereastreet.com/archive/201012/controlling_text_size_in_safari_for_ios_without_disabling_user_zoom/
+ */
+
+html {
+    font-size: 100%; /* 1 */
+    overflow-y: scroll; /* 2 */
+    -webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 3 */
+    -ms-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 3 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses margins handled incorrectly in IE6/7
+ */
+
+body {
+    margin: 0;
+}
+
+/* 
+ * Addresses font-family inconsistency between 'textarea' and other form elements.
+ */
+
+body,
+button,
+input,
+select,
+textarea {
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Links
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+a {
+    color: #00e;
+}
+
+a:visited {
+    color: #551a8b;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses outline displayed oddly in Chrome
+ */
+
+a:focus {
+    outline: thin dotted;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Improves readability when focused and also mouse hovered in all browsers
+ * people.opera.com/patrickl/experiments/keyboard/test
+ */
+
+a:hover,
+a:active {
+    outline: 0;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Typography
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * Addresses styling not present in IE7/8/9, S5, Chrome
+ */
+
+abbr[title] {
+    border-bottom: 1px dotted;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses style set to 'bolder' in FF3/4, S4/5, Chrome
+*/
+
+b, 
+strong { 
+    font-weight: bold; 
+}
+
+blockquote {
+    margin: 1em 40px;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses styling not present in S5, Chrome
+ */
+
+dfn {
+    font-style: italic;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Addresses styling not present in IE6/7/8/9
+ */
+
+mark {
+    background: #ff0;
+    color: #000;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects font family set oddly in IE6, S4/5, Chrome
+ * en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Davidgothberg/Test59
+ */
+
+pre,
+code,
+kbd,
+samp {
+    font-family: monospace, serif;
+    _font-family: 'courier new', monospace;
+    font-size: 1em;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Improves readability of pre-formatted text in all browsers
+ */
+
+pre {
+    white-space: pre;
+    white-space: pre-wrap;
+    word-wrap: break-word;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Addresses CSS quotes not supported in IE6/7
+ * 2. Addresses quote property not supported in S4
+ */
+
+/* 1 */
+
+q {
+    quotes: none;
+}
+
+/* 2 */
+
+q:before,
+q:after {
+    content: '';
+    content: none;
+}
+
+small {
+    font-size: 75%;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prevents sub and sup affecting line-height in all browsers
+ * gist.github.com/413930
+ */
+
+sub,
+sup {
+    font-size: 75%;
+    line-height: 0;
+    position: relative;
+    vertical-align: baseline;
+}
+
+sup {
+    top: -0.5em;
+}
+
+sub {
+    bottom: -0.25em;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Lists
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+ul,
+ol {
+    margin: 1em 0;
+    padding: 0 0 0 40px;
+}
+
+dd {
+    margin: 0 0 0 40px;
+}
+
+nav ul,
+nav ol {
+    list-style: none;
+    list-style-image: none;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Embedded content
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * 1. Removes border when inside 'a' element in IE6/7/8/9, F3
+ * 2. Improves image quality when scaled in IE7
+ *    code.flickr.com/blog/2008/11/12/on-ui-quality-the-little-things-client-side-image-resizing/
+ */
+
+img {
+    border: 0; /* 1 */
+    -ms-interpolation-mode: bicubic; /* 2 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects overflow displayed oddly in IE9 
+ */
+
+svg:not(:root) {
+    overflow: hidden;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Figures
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * Addresses margin not present in IE6/7/8/9, S5, O11
+ */
+
+figure {
+    margin: 0;
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Forms
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/*
+ * Corrects margin displayed oddly in IE6/7
+ */
+
+form {
+    margin: 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Define consistent margin and padding
+ */
+
+fieldset {
+    margin: 0 2px;
+    padding: 0.35em 0.625em 0.75em;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Corrects color not being inherited in IE6/7/8/9
+ * 2. Corrects alignment displayed oddly in IE6/7
+ */
+
+legend {
+    border: 0; /* 1 */
+    *margin-left: -7px; /* 2 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Corrects font size not being inherited in all browsers
+ * 2. Addresses margins set differently in IE6/7, F3/4, S5, Chrome
+ * 3. Improves appearance and consistency in all browsers
+ */
+
+button,
+input,
+select,
+textarea {
+    font-size: 100%; /* 1 */
+    margin: 0; /* 2 */
+    vertical-align: baseline; /* 3 */
+    *vertical-align: middle; /* 3 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Addresses FF3/4 setting line-height using !important in the UA stylesheet
+ * 2. Corrects inner spacing displayed oddly in IE6/7
+ */
+
+button,
+input {
+    line-height: normal; /* 1 */
+    *overflow: visible;  /* 2 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects overlap and whitespace issue for buttons and inputs in IE6/7
+ * Known issue: reintroduces inner spacing
+ */
+
+table button,
+table input {
+    *overflow: auto;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Improves usability and consistency of cursor style between image-type 'input' and others
+ * 2. Corrects inability to style clickable 'input' types in iOS
+ */
+
+button,
+html input[type="button"], 
+input[type="reset"], 
+input[type="submit"] {
+    cursor: pointer; /* 1 */
+    -webkit-appearance: button; /* 2 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Addresses box sizing set to content-box in IE8/9
+ * 2. Addresses excess padding in IE8/9
+ */
+
+input[type="checkbox"],
+input[type="radio"] {
+    box-sizing: border-box; /* 1 */
+    padding: 0; /* 2 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Addresses appearance set to searchfield in S5, Chrome
+ * 2. Addresses box sizing set to border-box in S5, Chrome (include -moz to future-proof)
+ */
+
+input[type="search"] {
+    -webkit-appearance: textfield; /* 1 */
+    -moz-box-sizing: content-box;
+    -webkit-box-sizing: content-box; /* 2 */
+    box-sizing: content-box;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects inner padding displayed oddly in S5, Chrome on OSX
+ */
+
+input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration {
+    -webkit-appearance: none;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Corrects inner padding and border displayed oddly in FF3/4
+ * www.sitepen.com/blog/2008/05/14/the-devils-in-the-details-fixing-dojos-toolbar-buttons/
+ */
+
+button::-moz-focus-inner,
+input::-moz-focus-inner {
+    border: 0;
+    padding: 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 1. Removes default vertical scrollbar in IE6/7/8/9
+ * 2. Improves readability and alignment in all browsers
+ */
+
+textarea {
+    overflow: auto; /* 1 */
+    vertical-align: top; /* 2 */
+}
+
+
+/* =============================================================================
+   Tables
+   ========================================================================== */
+
+/* 
+ * Remove most spacing between table cells
+ */
+
+table {
+    border-collapse: collapse;
+    border-spacing: 0;
+}
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